Design Option 1: Manually Configured Static Addressing
Applies To: Windows Server 2008
With this option, devices that need a static address are manually configured with the required address, subnet mask, and other information, such as DNS server and default gateway. You will need to use this method to configure your DHCP server because a DHCP server requires its own IP address to be static.
The advantages of manually configured static addressing include:
Protection for critical services: Critical network services and devices get their proper address at all times and are not dependent on any other network service.
Required for servers running Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2008: Network services, such as DNS and Active Directory domain controllers, cannot be properly configured unless their IP addresses are manually assigned.
The disadvantage of manually configured static addressing is that this option is time-consuming to set up and manage. It should be used only where absolutely necessary.