Supported data types (Azure Cognitive Search)

In Azure Cognitive Search, document fields and values in expressions (for example, in filters) are typed according to the Entity Data Model, or EDM (see Entity Data Model (MSDN) for details).

Note

If you're using indexers to pull data into Azure Cognitive Search, indexers have different data type mappings for JSON and SQL Server data sources. For more information, see Data type map for indexers in Azure Cognitive Search.

EDM data types used in Azure Cognitive Search indexes and documents

Edm.String Text data.
Edm.Boolean Contains true/false values.
Edm.Int32 32-bit integer values.
Edm.Int64 64-bit integer values.
Edm.Double Double-precision IEEE 754 floating-point values.
Edm.DateTimeOffset Date and time values represented in the OData V4 format: yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.fffZ or yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.fff[+|-]HH:mm. Precision of DateTimeOffset fields is limited to milliseconds. If you upload DateTimeOffset values with sub-millisecond precision, the value returned will be rounded up to milliseconds (for example, 2015-04-15T10:30:09.7552052Z will be returned as 2015-04-15T10:30:09.7550000Z). When you upload DateTimeOffset values with time zone information to your index, Azure Cognitive Search normalizes these values to UTC. For example, 2017-01-13T14:03:00-08:00 will be stored as 2017-01-13T22:03:00Z. If you need to store time zone information, you will need to add an extra field to your index.
Edm.GeographyPoint A point representing a geographic location on the globe. For request and response bodies the representation of values of this type follows the GeoJSON "Point" type format. For URLs OData uses a literal form based on the WKT standard. A point literal is constructed as geography'POINT(lon lat)'.
Edm.ComplexType Objects whose properties map to sub-fields that can be of any other supported data type. This enables indexing of structured hierarchical data such as JSON. Objects in a field of type Edm.ComplexType can contain nested objects, but the level of nesting is limited. The limits are described in Service limits for Azure Cognitive Search.
Collection(Edm.String) A list of strings.
Collection(Edm.Boolean) A list of boolean values.
Collection(Edm.Int32) A list of 32-bit integer values.
Collection(Edm.Int64) A list of 64-bit integer values.
Collection(Edm.Double) A list of double-precision numeric values.
Collection(Edm.DateTimeOffset) A list of date time values.
Collection(Edm.GeographyPoint) A list of points representing geographic locations.
Collection(Edm.ComplexType) A list of objects of type Edm.ComplexType. There is a limit on the maximum number of elements across all collections of type Edm.ComplexType in a document. See Service limits for Azure Cognitive Search for details.

Note

All of the above types are nullable, except for collections of primitive and complex types, for example, Collection(Edm.String). Nullable fields can be explicitly set to null. They are automatically set to null when omitted from a document that is uploaded to an Azure Cognitive Search index. Collection fields are automatically set to empty ('[]' in JSON) when they are omitted from a document. Also, it is not possible to store a null value in a collection field.

Unlike complex collections, there is no upper limit specifically on the number of items in a collection of primitive types, but the 16 MB upper limit on payload size applies to all parts of documents, including collections.

Edm.GeographyPolygon is a polygon representing a geographic region on the globe. While this type cannot be used in document fields, it can be used as an argument to the geo.intersects function. The literal form for URLs in OData is based on the WKT (Well-known text) and OGC's simple feature access standards. A polygon literal is constructed as geography'POLYGON((lon lat, lon lat, ...))'.

To learn more about geospatial search in Azure, see this video: Azure Cognitive Search and Geospatial Data

Important

Points in a polygon must be in counterclockwise order. Points in a polygon are interpreted in counterclockwise order, relative to the inside of the polygon. For example, a 4-point closed polygon around London would be -0.3°W 51.6°N [top left] , -0.3°W 51.4°N [bottom left], 0.1°E 51.4°N [bottom right], 0.1°E 51.6°N [top right], -0.3°W 51.6°N [starting point].

See also