Snapshot Blob operation creates a read-only snapshot of a blob.
Snapshot Blob request may be constructed as follows. HTTPS is recommended. Replace myaccount with the name of your storage account:
|PUT Method Request URI||HTTP Version|
Emulated Storage Service URI
When making a request against the emulated storage service, specify the emulator hostname and Blob service port as
127.0.0.1:10000, followed by the emulated account name:
|PUT Method Request URI||HTTP Version|
For more information, see Using the Azure Storage Emulator for Development and Testing.
The following additional parameters may be specified on the request URI.
The following table describes required and optional request headers.
||Required. Specifies the authorization scheme, account name, and signature. For more information, see Authorize requests to Azure Storage.|
||Required. Specifies the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) for the request. For more information, see Authorize requests to Azure Storage.|
||Required for all authorized requests. Specifies the version of the operation to use for this request. For more information, see Versioning for the Azure Storage Services.|
||Optional. Specifies a user-defined name-value pair associated with the blob. If no name-value pairs are specified, the operation will copy the base blob metadata to the snapshot. If one or more name-value pairs are specified, the snapshot is created with the specified metadata, and metadata is not copied from the base blob.
Note that beginning with version 2009-09-19, metadata names must adhere to the naming rules for C# identifiers. See Naming and Referencing Containers, Blobs, and Metadata for more information.
||Optional. An ETag value. Specify an ETag value for this conditional header to snapshot the blob only if its ETag value matches the value specified. If the values do not match, the Blob service returns status code 412 (Precondition Failed).|
||Optional. An ETag value.
Specify an ETag value for this conditional header to snapshot the blob only if its ETag value does not match the value specified. If the values are identical, the Blob service returns status code 412 (Precondition Failed).
||Optional. Indicates the encryption scope to use to encrypt the request contents. This header is supported in versions 2019-02-02 or later.|
||Optional. If this header is specified, the operation will be performed only if both of the following conditions are met:
- The blob's lease is currently active.
- The lease ID specified in the request matches that of the blob.
If this header is specified and both of these conditions are not met, the request will fail and the
||Optional. Provides a client-generated, opaque value with a 1 KiB character limit that is recorded in the analytics logs when storage analytics logging is enabled. Using this header is highly recommended for correlating client-side activities with requests received by the server. For more information, see About Storage Analytics Logging and Azure Logging: Using Logs to Track Storage Requests.|
This operation also supports the use of conditional headers to execute the operation only if a specified condition is met. For more information, see Specifying Conditional Headers for Blob Service Operations.
Request Headers (Customer-provided encryption keys)
Beginning with version 2019-02-02, the following headers may be specified on the request to encrypt a blob with a customer-provided key. Encryption with a customer-provided key (and the corresponding set of headers) is optional. If a blob has previously been encrypted with a customer-provided key, then these headers must be included on the request to complete the read operation successfully.
||Required. The Base64-encoded AES-256 encryption key.|
||Required. The Base64-encoded SHA256 hash of the encryption key.|
||Required. Specifies the algorithm to use for encryption. The value of this header must be
The response includes an HTTP status code and a set of response headers.
A successful operation returns status code 201 (Created).
For information about status codes, see Status and Error Codes.
The response for this operation includes the following headers. The response may also include additional standard HTTP headers. All standard headers conform to the HTTP/1.1 protocol specification.
||This header returns a DateTime value that uniquely identifies the snapshot. The value of this header indicates the snapshot version, and may be used in subsequent requests to access the snapshot. Note that this value is opaque.|
||The ETag of the snapshot. If the request version is 2011-08-18 or newer, the ETag value will be in quotes. Note that a snapshot cannot be written to, so the ETag of a given snapshot will never change. However, the ETag of the snapshot will differ from that of the base blob if new metadata was supplied with the
||The last modified time of the snapshot. The date format follows RFC 1123. For more information, see Representation of Date-Time Values in Headers.
Note that a snapshot cannot be written to, so the last modified time of a given snapshot will never change. However, the last modified time of the snapshot will differ from that of the base blob if new metadata was supplied with the
||This header uniquely identifies the request that was made and can be used for troubleshooting the request. For more information, see Troubleshooting API Operations.|
||Indicates the version of the Blob service used to execute the request. This header is returned for requests made against version 2009-09-19 and later.|
||A UTC date/time value generated by the service that indicates the time at which the response was initiated.|
||Version 2019-02-02 or newer. The value of this header is set to
||Version 2019-02-02 or newer. This header is returned if the request used a customer-provided key for encryption, so the client can ensure the contents of the request are successfully encrypted using the provided key.|
||Version 2019-02-02 or newer. This header is returned if the request used an encryption scope, so the client can ensure the contents of the request are successfully encrypted using the encryption scope.|
||Version 2019-12-12 and newer. This header returns an opaque DateTime value that uniquely identifies the blob. The value of this header indicates the Version of the blob, and may be used in subsequent requests to access the blob.|
||This header can be used to troubleshoot requests and corresponding responses. The value of this header is equal to the value of the
Only the account owner may call this operation.
Snapshots provide read-only versions of blobs. Once a snapshot has been created, it can be read, copied, or deleted, but not modified.
A snapshot provides a convenient way to back up blob data. You can use a snapshot to restore a blob to an earlier version by calling Copy Blob to overwrite a base blob with its snapshot.
When you create a snapshot, the Blob service returns a DateTime value that uniquely identifies the snapshot relative to its base blob. You can use this value to perform further operations on the snapshot. Note that you should treat this DateTime value as opaque.
The DateTime value identifies the snapshot on the URI. For example, a base blob and its snapshots have URIs similar to the following:
Note that each time you call the
Snapshot Blob operation, a new snapshot is created, with a unique DateTime value. A blob can support any number of snapshots. Existing snapshots are never overwritten, but must be deleted explicitly by calling Delete Blob and setting the
x-ms-include-snapshots header to the appropriate value.
Reading, Copying, and Deleting Snapshots
A successful call to
Snapshot Blob returns a DateTime value in the
x-ms-snapshot response header. You can then use this DateTime value to perform read, delete, or copy operations on a particular snapshot version. Any Blob service operation that is valid for a snapshot can be called by specifying
?snapshot=<DateTime> after the blob name.
Copying Blob Properties and Metadata
When you create a snapshot of a blob, the following system properties are copied to the snapshot with the same values:
x-ms-blob-sequence-number (for page blobs only)
x-ms-blob-committed-block-count (for append blobs only)
x-ms-copy-id(version 2012-02-12 and newer)
x-ms-copy-status(version 2012-02-12 and newer)
x-ms-copy-source(version 2012-02-12 and newer)
x-ms-copy-progress(version 2012-02-12 and newer)
x-ms-copy-completion-time(version 2012-02-12 and newer)
x-ms-copy-status-description(version 2012-02-12 and newer)
The base blob's committed block list is also copied to the snapshot, if the blob is a block blob. Any uncommitted blocks are not copied.
The snapshot blob is always the same size as the base blob at the time the snapshot is taken, so the value of the
Content-Length header for the snapshot blob will be the same as that for the base blob.
You can specify one or more new metadata values for the snapshot by specifying the
x-ms-meta-name:value header on the request. If this header is not specified, the metadata associated with the base blob is copied to the snapshot.
Any tags associated with the base blob are copied to the snapshot. It is not possible to set new tag values for the snapshot.
Specifying Conditional Headers
You can specify conditional headers on the request to snapshot the blob only if a condition is met. If the specified condition is not met, the snapshot is not created, and the Blob service returns status code 412 (Precondition Failed), along with additional error information about the unmet condition.
Creating a Snapshot of a Leased Blob
If the base blob has an active lease, you can snapshot the blob as long as either of the following conditions are true of the request:
x-ms-lease-idheader is specified, and the active lease ID for the base blob is included in the request. This condition specifies that the snapshot be created only if the lease is active and the specified lease ID matches that associated with the blob.
x-ms-lease-idheader is not specified at all, in which case the exclusive-write lease is ignored.
Note that a lease associated with the base blob is not copied to the snapshot. Snapshots cannot be leased.
When a base blob is copied using the Copy Blob operation, any snapshots of the base blob are not copied to the destination blob. When a destination blob is overwritten with a copy, any snapshots associated with the destination blob stay intact under its name.
You can copy a snapshot blob over its base blob to restore an earlier version of a blob. The snapshot remains, but the base blob is overwritten with a copy that can be both read and written.
Promoting a snapshot does not incur an additional charge for storage resources, since blocks or pages are shared between the snapshot and the base blob.
Setting a blob tier on a snapshot is allowed starting REST version 2019-12-12. If a tier is set on a root blob, then all snapshots will inherit tier from base blob. Taking a snapshot on an archived blob will fail. Explicitly setting tier on an object will result in billing for the full size of the object. Taking a snapshot of a blob that has tier set would result in full copy billing of root blob and the snapshot. For detailed information about block blob level tiering see Hot, cool and archive storage tiers.
Snapshots in Premium Storage Accounts
There are a few differences between Azure Premium Storage accounts and standard storage accounts in terms of snapshots:
The number of snapshots per page blob in a Premium Storage account is limited to 100. If that limit is exceeded, the
Snapshot Bloboperation returns error code 409 (SnapshotCountExceeded).
A snapshot of a page blob in a Premium Storage account may be taken once every ten minutes. If that rate is exceeded, the
Snapshot Bloboperation returns error code 409 (SnaphotOperationRateExceeded).
Reading a snapshot of a page blob in a Premium Storage account via Get Blob is not supported. Calling
Get Blobon a snapshot in a Premium Storage account returns error code 400 (Invalid Operation). However, calling Get Blob Properties and Get Blob Metadata against a snapshot is supported.
To read a snapshot, you can use the Copy Blob operation to copy a snapshot to another page blob in the account. The destination blob for the copy operation must not have any existing snapshots. If the destination blob does have snapshots, then
Copy Blobreturns error code 409 (SnapshotsPresent).
For more information on calling REST operations on Azure Premium Storage resources, see Using Blob Service Operations with Azure Premium Storage.
Snapshots with versioning enabled
When versioning is enabled, creating a snapshot of a blob also generates a new version and saves the previous version of the base blob. The
x-ms-version-id parameter returns an opaque DateTime value for the new version of the blob.