Outlook add-in: Make an Exchange Web Service request from Outlook

Table of contents

Summary

The JavaScript code in this sample shows a simple request for the subject of the current email message. It demonstrates the steps required to create an Exchange Web Service (EWS) request and the best practices for making the request.

Prerequisites

This sample requires the following:

  • Visual Studio 2013 with Update 5 or Visual Studio 2015.
  • A computer running Exchange 2013 with at least one email account, or an Office 365 account. You can join the Office 365 Developer Program and get a free 1 year subscription to Office 365.
  • Any browser that supports ECMAScript 5.1, HTML5, and CSS3, such as Internet Explorer 9, Chrome 13, Firefox 5, Safari 5.0.6, or a later version of these browsers.
  • Familiarity with JavaScript programming and web services.

Key components of the sample

The sample solution contains the following files:

  • MakeEwsRequestManifest.xml: The manifest file for the Outlook add-in.
  • AppRead\Home\Home.html: The HTML user interface for the mail add-in for Outlook.
  • AppRead\Home\Home.js: The JavaScript file that handles requesting and using the EWS request.

##Description of the code

The code that creates the EWS XML request includes two methods. The first method, getSoapEnvelope(), wraps a SOAP envelope around a web service request. Because the SOAP envelope is standard for all EWS requests, this method can be reused to wrap any EWS request.

The second method, getSubjectRequest(), returns the EWS request to get the subject field of an item. The id parameter is the Exchange item identifier for the requested item. Note the following about the request:

  • The ItemShape element is used to restrict the response to the base shape IdOnly. This limits the response to only the item identifier for the item and prevents excessive data from being sent back from the server.
  • The AdditionalProperties element is used to add the Subject field to the response. By using the IdOnly base shape and a list of additional properties, you can limit the size of the response from the server to just the data that your add-in requires.

The sendRequest() method is called when you click the Make EWS request button in the add-in UI. It gets the Exchange identifier of the current item and passes it to the getSubjectRequest() and getSoapEnvelope() methods, then makes an asynchronous call to the Exchange server by using the makeEwsRequestAsync method. The makeEwsRequestAsync method takes two parameters: the EWS request wrapped in its SOAP envelope, and a callback method that is called when the asynchronous request to EWS is complete. You can add a third optional userContext parameter to the makeEwsRequestAsync method if you have to provide additional information to the callback method.

The callback() method is called with a single parameter, asyncResult. The asyncResult object has two members:

  • value – The contents of the response from EWS.
  • context – The userContext parameter passed to the makeEwsRequestAsync method.

The callback method in the sample displays the contents of the response in a scrollable div element in the UI, but your code can use the response in more sophisticated ways.

Build and debug

Note: The mail add-in will be activated on any email message in the user's Inbox. You can make it easier to test the add-in by sending one or more email messages to your test account before you run the sample add-in.

  1. Open the solution in Visual Studio. Press F5 to build and deploy the sample add-in.
  2. Connect to an Exchange account by providing the email address and password for an Exchange 2013 server.
  3. Allow the server to configure the mail account.
  4. Log on to the email account by entering the account name and password.
  5. Select a message in the Inbox.
  6. Wait for the add-in bar to appear over the message.
  7. In the add-in bar, click MakeEWSRequest.
  8. When the mail add-in appears, click the Make EWS Request button to request the subject of the current message from the Exchange server.
  9. Review the response XML returned by the request.

##Troubleshooting The following are common errors that can occur when you use Outlook Web App to test a mail add-in for Outlook:

  • The add-in bar does not appear when a message is selected. If this occurs, restart the application by selecting Debug – Stop Debugging in the Visual Studio window, then press F5 to rebuild and deploy the add-in.
  • Changes to the JavaScript code may not be picked up when you deploy and run the add-in. If the changes are not picked up, clear the cache on the web browser by selecting Tools – Internet options and clicking the Delete… button. Delete the temporary Internet files and then restart the add-in.

##Questions and comments##

  • If you have any trouble running this sample, please log an issue.
  • Questions about Office Add-in development in general should be posted to Stack Overflow. Make sure that your questions or comments are tagged with [office-addins].

Additional resources

Copyright (c) 2015 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information, see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact opencode@microsoft.com with any additional questions or comments.