Microsoft Security Bulletin MS15-121 - Important

Security Update for Schannel to Address Spoofing (3081320)

Published: November 10, 2015 | Updated: April 7, 2016

Version: 1.1

Executive Summary

This security update resolves a vulnerability in Microsoft Windows. The vulnerability could allow spoofing if an attacker performs a man-in-the-middle (MiTM) attack between a client and a legitimate server.

This security update is rated Important for all supported releases of Microsoft Windows excluding Windows 10. For more information, see the Affected Software section.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by adding extended master secret binding support to all supported versions of Transport Layer Security (TLS). For more information about the vulnerability, see the Vulnerability Information section.

For more information about this update, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 3081320.

Affected Software

The following software versions or editions are affected. Versions or editions that are not listed are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, see Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Operating System Maximum Security Impact Aggregate Severity Rating Updates Replaced*
Windows Vista
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows 7
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1[1]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3067505 in MS15-076
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1[1]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3067505 in MS15-076
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1[1]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3067505 in MS15-076
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1[1]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3067505 in MS15-076
Windows 8 and Windows 8.1
Windows 8 for 32-bit Systems[2]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows 8 for x64-based Systems[2]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows 8.1 for 32-bit Systems
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows 8.1 for x64-based Systems
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012[2]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2012 R2
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows RT and Windows RT 8.1
Windows RT[3] (3081320) Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows RT 8.1[3] (3081320) Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)

(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)[1]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3067505 in MS15-076
Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)[2]
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055
Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Spoofing Important 3061518 in MS15-055

[1]Note that update 3101746 in MS15-115 and update 3101246 in MS15-122 are releasing concurrently with update 3081320 in this bulletin, MS15-121. Customers who intend to install all three updates manually on Windows 7 Service Pack 1 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 should install the updates in the following order: 3101246 first, 3081320 second, and 3101746 third (this is taken care of automatically for customers with automatic updating enabled). Alternatively, customers can install only 3101746, which contains the updates for 3101246 and 3081320. For more information see the Known Issues section of Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 3105256.

[2]Note that update 3101746 in MS15-115 and update 3101246 in MS15-122 are releasing concurrently with update 3081320 in this bulletin, MS15-121. Customers who intend to install all three updates manually on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 should install the updates in the following order: 3101246 first, 3101746 second, and 3081320 third (this is taken care of automatically for customers with automatic updating enabled). Alternatively, customers can install only 3081320, which contains the updates for 3101246 and 3101746. For more information see the Known Issues section of Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 3105256.

[3]This update is only available via Windows Update.

*The Updates Replaced column shows only the latest update in any chain of superseded updates. For a comprehensive list of updates replaced, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog, search for the update KB number, and then view update details (updates replaced information is provided on the Package Details tab).

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers

The following severity ratings assume the potential maximum impact of the vulnerability. For information regarding the likelihood, within 30 days of this security bulletin's release, of the exploitability of the vulnerability in relation to its severity rating and security impact, please see the Exploitability Index in the November bulletin summary.

Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software
Affected Software Schannel TLS Triple Handshake Vulnerability - CVE-2015-6112 Aggregate Severity Rating
Windows Vista
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows 7
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows 8 and Windows 8.1
Windows 8 for 32-bit Systems
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows 8 for x64-based Systems
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows 8.1 for 32-bit Systems
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows 8.1 for x64-based Systems
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 R2
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows RT and Windows RT 8.1
Windows RT
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows RT 8.1
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
(3081320)
Important
Spoofing
Important

Vulnerability Information

Schannel TLS Triple Handshake Vulnerability - CVE-2015-6112

A spoofing vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that is caused by a weakness in all supported versions of the TLS protocol. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could impersonate a victim on any other server that uses the same credentials as those used between the client and server where the attack is initiated.

To exploit the vulnerability an attacker would first have to perform a man-in-the-middle (MiTM) attack between the client and a legitimate server. The update addresses the vulnerability by adding extended master secret binding support to all supported version of TLS.

This vulnerability has been publicly disclosed. It has been assigned Common Vulnerability and Exposure number CVE-2015-6112. At the time this security bulletin was originally issued, Microsoft was unaware of any attack attempting to exploit this vulnerability.

Mitigating Factors

Microsoft has not identified any mitigating factors for this vulnerability.

Workarounds

Microsoft has not identified any workarounds for this vulnerability.

Security Update Deployment

For Security Update Deployment information, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article referenced here in the Executive Summary.

Acknowledgments

Microsoft recognizes the efforts of those in the security community who help us protect customers through coordinated vulnerability disclosure. See Acknowledgments for more information.

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions

  • V1.0 (November 10, 2015): Bulletin published.
  • V1.1 (April 7, 2016): Updated the footnotes following the Affected Software table to further clarify installation order for security update 3101746 in MS15-115, 3081320 in MS15-121, and 3101246 in MS15-122. This is an informational change only. Customers who have already successfully installed the update do not need to take any action.

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