Configure the default full-text language Server Configuration Option

APPLIES TO: YesSQL Server NoAzure SQL Database NoAzure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) NoParallel Data Warehouse

This topic describes how to configure the default full-text language server configuration option in SQL Server 2019 (15.x) by using SQL Server Management Studio or Transact-SQL. The default full-text language option specifies a default language value for full-text indexes. Linguistic analysis is performed on all data that is full-text indexed and is dependent on the language of the data. The default value of this option is the language of the server. For a localized version of SQL Server, SQL Server Setup sets the default full-text language option to the language of the server if an appropriate match exists. For a non-localized version of SQL Server, the default full-text language option is English.

In This Topic

Before You Begin

Limitations and Restrictions

  • The value of the default full-text language option is used in a full-text index when no language is specified for a column through the LANGUAGE language_term option in the CREATE FULLTEXT INDEX or ALTER FULLTEXT INDEX statements. If the default full-text language is not supported or the linguistic analysis package is not available, the CREATE or ALTER operation will fail and SQL Server will return an error message stating that the language specified is not valid.


  • This option is an advanced option and should be changed only by an experienced database administrator or certified SQL Server professional.

  • The default full-text language option requires an LCID value. For a list of supported LCIDs and their related languages, see sys.fulltext_languages (Transact-SQL). Other languages may also be available from independent software vendors, for example. If no specific language dialect is found, the Full-Text Engine will automatically switch to the primary language.



Execute permissions on sp_configure with no parameters or with only the first parameter are granted to all users by default. To execute sp_configure with both parameters to change a configuration option or to run the RECONFIGURE statement, a user must be granted the ALTER SETTINGS server-level permission. The ALTER SETTINGS permission is implicitly held by the sysadmin and serveradmin fixed server roles.

Using SQL Server Management Studio

To configure the default full-text language option

  1. In Object Explorer, right-click a server and select Properties.

  2. Click the Advanced node.

  3. Under Miscellaneous, use Default Full Text Language to specify a default language value for full-text indexed columns.

Using Transact-SQL

To configure the default full-text language option

  1. Connect to the Database Engine.

  2. From the Standard bar, click New Query.

  3. Copy and paste the following example into the query window and click Execute. This example shows how to use sp_configure to set the value of the default full-text option to Dutch (1043).

USE AdventureWorks2012 ;  
EXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1 ;  
EXEC sp_configure 'default full-text language', 1043 ;  

For more information, see Server Configuration Options (SQL Server).

Follow Up: After you configure the default full-text language option

The setting takes effect immediately without restarting the server.

See Also

sys.fulltext_languages (Transact-SQL)
Server Configuration Options (SQL Server)
sp_configure (Transact-SQL)