During SQL Server Setup, the System Configuration Checker (SCC) scans the computer where SQL Server will be installed. The SCC checks for conditions that prevent a successful SQL Server installation. Before Setup starts the SQL Server Installation Wizard, the SCC retrieves the status of each item. It then compares the result with required conditions and provides guidance for removal of blocking issues.
The system configuration checker generates a report which contains a short description for each executed rule, and the execution status. The system configuration check report is located at %programfiles%\Microsoft SQL Server\140\Setup Bootstrap\Log\<YYYYMMDD_HHMM>\.
See the following links for more information: