Supported Version and Edition Upgrades

You can upgrade from SQL Server 2008, SQL Server 2008 R2, SQL Server 2012, and SQL Server 2014. This topic lists the supported upgrade paths from these SQL Server versions, and the supported edition upgrades for SQL Server 2016.

Pre upgrade Checklist

  • Before upgrading from one edition of SQL Server 2016 to another, verify that the functionality you are currently using is supported in the edition to which you are moving.

  • Before upgrading SQL Server, enable Windows Authentication for SQL Server Agent and verify the default configuration: that the SQL Server Agent service account is a member of the SQL Server sysadmin group.

  • To upgrade to SQL Server 2016, you must be running a supported operating system. For more information, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2016.

  • Upgrade will be blocked if there is a pending restart.

  • Upgrade will be blocked if the Windows Installer service is not running.

Unsupported Scenarios

  • Cross-version instances of SQL Server 2016 are not supported. Version numbers of the Database Engine, Analysis Services, and Reporting Services components must be the same in an instance of SQL Server 2016.

  • SQL Server 2016 is only available for 64-bit platforms. Cross-platform upgrade is not supported. You cannot upgrade a 32-bit instance of SQL Server to native 64-bit using SQL Server Setup. However, you can back up or detach databases from a 32-bit instance of SQL Server, and then restore or attach them to a new instance of SQL Server (64-bit) if the databases are not published in replication. You must re-create any logins and other user objects in master, msdb, and model system databases.

  • You cannot add new features during the upgrade of your existing instance of SQL Server. After you upgrade an instance of SQL Server to SQL Server 2016, you can add features by using the SQL Server 2016 Setup. For more information, see Add Features to an Instance of SQL Server 2016 (Setup).

  • Failover Clusters are not supported in WOW mode.

  • Upgrade from an Evaluation edition of a previous SQL Server version is not supported.

  • When upgrading from RC1 or previous versions of SQL Server 2016 to RC3 or later versions, PolyBase must be uninstalled before the upgrade and reinstalled after the upgrade.

Upgrades from Earlier Versions to SQL Server 2016

SQL Server 2016 supports upgrade from the following versions of SQL Server:

  • SQL Server 2008 SP3 or later
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 or later
  • SQL Server 2012 SP2 or later
  • SQL Server 2014 or later
Note

To upgrade databases on SQL Server 2005 see Support for 2005.

The table below lists the supported upgrade scenarios from earlier versions of SQL Server to SQL Server 2016.

Upgrade from Supported upgrade path
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Enterprise SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Developer SQL Server 2016 Developer
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Standard SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Small Business SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Web SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Workgroup SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2008 SP3 Express SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Express
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Datacenter SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Enterprise SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Developer SQL Server 2016 Developer
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Small Business SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Standard SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Web SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Workgroup SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Express SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Express
SQL Server 2012 SP2 Enterprise SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2012 SP2 Developer SQL Server 2016 Developer

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2012 SP2 Standard SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2012 SP1 Web SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web
SQL Server 2012 SP2 Express SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Express

SQL Server 2012 SP2 Business Intelligence SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2012 SP2 Evaluation SQL Server 2016 Evaluation

SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Developer
SQL Server 2014 Enterprise SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2014 Developer SQL Server 2016 Developer

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2014 Standard SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2014 Web SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web
SQL Server 2014 Express SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Express

SQL Server 2016 Developer
SQL Server 2014 Business Intelligence SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2014 Evaluation SQL Server 2016 Evaluation

SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Developer
SQL Server 2016 release candidate* SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2016 Developer SQL Server 2016 Enterprise

* Microsoft support to upgrade from release candidate software is specifically for customers who participated in the Technology Adoption Program (TAP).

SQL Server 2016 Support for SQL Server 2005

This section discusses SQL Server 2016 support for SQL Server 2005. In SQL Server 2016, you will be able to do the following:

  • Attach a SQL Server 2005 database (mdf/ldf files) to SQL Server 2016 instance of database engine.

  • Restore a SQL Server 2005 database to SQL Server 2016 instance of database engine from a backup.

  • Back up a SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) cube and restoring on SQL Server 2016.

    When a SQL Server 2005 database is upgraded to SQL Server 2016, the database compatibility level will be changed from 90 to 100. (In SQL Server 2016, valid values for the database compatibility level are 100, 110, 120, and 130.) ALTER DATABASE Compatibility Level (Transact-SQL) discusses how the compatibility level change could affect SQL Server applications.

    Any scenarios not specified in the list above are not supported, including but not limited to the following:

  • Installing SQL Server 2005 and SQL Server 2016 on same computer (side by side).

  • Using a SQL Server 2005 instance as a member of the replication topology that involves a SQL Server 2016 instance.

  • Configuring database mirroring between SQL Server 2016 and SQL Server 2005 instances.

  • Backing up the transaction log with log shipping between SQL Server 2016 and SQL Server 2005 instances.

  • Configuring linked servers between SQL Server 2016 and SQL Server 2005 instances.

  • Managing a SQL Server 2005 instance from a SQL Server 2016 Management Studio.

  • Attaching a SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) cube in SQL Server 2016 Management Studio.

  • Connecting to SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) from SQL Server 2016 Management Studio.

  • Managing a SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) service from SQL Server 2016 Management Studio.

  • Support for SQL Server 2005 third party custom Integration Services components, such as execute and upgrade.

SQL Server 2016 Edition Upgrade

The following table lists the supported edition upgrade scenarios in SQL Server 2016.

For step-by-step instructions on how to perform an edition upgrade, see Upgrade to a Different Edition of SQL Server 2016 (Setup).

Upgrade From Upgrade To
SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL and Core)** SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2016 Evaluation Enterprise** SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Developer

SQL Server 2016 Web

Upgrading from Evaluation (a free edition) to any of the paid editions is supported for stand-alone installations, but is not supported for clustered installations.
SQL Server 2016 Standard** SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)
SQL Server 2016 Developer** SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2016 Web

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2016 Web SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2016 Express* SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2016 Developer

SQL Server 2016 Standard

SQL Server 2016 Web

Additionally you can also perform an edition upgrade between SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL license) and SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Core License):

Edition Upgrade From Edition Upgrade To
SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL License)** SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Core License)
SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Core License) SQL Server 2016 Enterprise (Server+CAL License)

* Also applies to SQL Server 2016 Express with Tools and SQL Server 2016 Express with Advanced Services.

** Changing the edition of a SQL Server 2016 failover cluster is limited. The following scenarios are not supported for SQL Server 2016 failover clusters:

  • SQL Server 2016 Enterprise to SQL Server 2016 Developer, Standard, or Evaluation.

  • SQL Server 2016 Developer to SQL Server 2016 Standard or Evaluation.

  • SQL Server 2016 Standard to SQL Server 2016 Evaluation.

  • SQL Server 2016 Evaluation to SQL Server 2016 Standard.

See Also

Editions and Supported Features for SQL Server 2016

Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2016

Upgrade to SQL Server 2016