# < (Less Than) (SSIS Expression)

**APPLIES TO:** SQL Server, including on Linux Azure SQL Database Azure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) Parallel Data Warehouse

Performs a comparison to determine if the first expression is less than the second one. The expression evaluator automatically converts many data types before it performs the comparison.

Note

This operator does not support comparisons that use the DT_TEXT, DT_NTEXT, or DT_IMAGE data types.

However, some data types require that the expression include an explicit cast before the expression can be evaluated successfully. For more information about legal casts between data types, see Cast (SSIS Expression).

## Syntax

```
expression1 < expression2
```

## Arguments

*expression1, expression2*

Is any valid expression.

## Result Types

DT_BOOL

## Remarks

If either expression in the comparison is null, the comparison result is null. If both expressions are null, the result is null.

The expression set, *expression1* and *expression2*, must follow one of these rules:

**Numeric**Both*expression1*and*expression2*must be a numeric data type. The intersection of the data types must be a numeric data type as specified in the rules about the implicit numeric conversions that the expression evaluator performs. The intersection of the two numeric data types cannot be null. For more information, see Integration Services Data Types in Expressions.**Character**Both*expression1*and*expression2*must evaluate to either a DT_STR or a DT_WSTR data type. The two expressions can evaluate to different string data types.Note

String comparisons are case, accent, kana, and width-sensitive.

**Date, Time, or Date/Time**Both*expression1*and*expression2*must evaluate to one of the following data types: DT_DBDATE, DT_DATE, DT_DBTIME, DT_DBTIME2, DT_DBTIMESTAMP, DT_DBTIMESTAMP2, DT_DBTIMESTAPMOFFSET, or DT_FILETIME.Note

The system does not support comparisons between an expression that evaluates to a time data type and an expression that evaluates to either a date or a date/time data type. The system generates an error.

When comparing the expressions, the system applies the following conversion rules in the order listed:

When the two expressions evaluate to the same data type, a comparison of that data type is performed.

If one expression is a DT_DBTIMESTAMPOFFSET data type, the other expression is implicitly converted to DT_DBTIMESTAMPOFFSET and a DT_DBTIMESTAMPOFFSET comparison is performed. For more information, see Integration Services Data Types in Expressions.

If one expression is a DT_DBTIMESTAMP2 data type, the other expression is implicitly converted to DT_DBTIMESTAMP2 and a DT_DBTIMESTAMP2 comparison is performed.

If one expression is a DT_DBTIME2 data type, the other expression is implicitly converted to DT_DBTIME2, and a DT_DBTIME2 comparison is performed.

If one expression is of a type other than DT_DBTIMESTAMPOFFSET, DT_DBTIMESTAMP2, or DT_DBTIME2, the expressions are converted to the DT_DBTIMESTAMP data type before they are compared.

When comparing the expressions, the system makes the following assumptions:

If each expression is a data type that includes fractional seconds, the system assumes that the data type with the least number of digits for fractional seconds has zeros for the remaining digits.

If each expression is a date data type, but only one has a time zone offset, the system assumes that the date data type without the time zone offset is in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

For more information about data types, see Integration Services Data Types.

## Expression Examples

This example evaluates to TRUE if the current date is later than July 4, 2003. For more information, see GETDATE (SSIS Expression).

```
"7/4/2003" < GETDATE()
```

This example evaluates to TRUE if the value in the **ListPrice** column is less than 500.

```
ListPrice < 500
```

This example uses the variable **LPrice**. It evaluates to TRUE if the value of **LPrice** is less than 500. The data type of the variable must be numeric in order for the expression to parse.

```
@LPrice < 500
```

## See Also

> (Greater Than) (SSIS Expression)

>= (Greater Than or Equal To) (SSIS Expression)

<= (Less Than or Equal To) (SSIS Expression)

Operator Precedence and Associativity

Operators (SSIS Expression)