Tutorial: Prepare data to perform clustering in R with SQL machine learning

Applies to: yesSQL Server 2016 (13.x) and later YesAzure SQL Managed Instance

In part two of this four-part tutorial series, you'll prepare the data from a database to perform clustering in R with SQL Server Machine Learning Services or on Big Data Clusters.

In part two of this four-part tutorial series, you'll prepare the data from a database to perform clustering in R with SQL Server Machine Learning Services.

In part two of this four-part tutorial series, you'll prepare the data from a database to perform clustering in R with SQL Server 2016 R Services.

In part two of this four-part tutorial series, you'll prepare the data from a database to perform clustering in R with Azure SQL Managed Instance Machine Learning Services.

In this article, you'll learn how to:

  • Separate customers along different dimensions using R
  • Load the data from the database into an R data frame

In part one, you installed the prerequisites and restored the sample database.

In part three, you'll learn how to create and train a K-Means clustering model in R.

In part four, you'll learn how to create a stored procedure in a database that can perform clustering in R based on new data.

Prerequisites

  • Part two of this tutorial assumes you have completed part one.

Separate customers

Create a new RScript file in RStudio and run the following script. In the SQL query, you're separating customers along the following dimensions:

  • orderRatio = return order ratio (total number of orders partially or fully returned versus the total number of orders)
  • itemsRatio = return item ratio (total number of items returned versus the number of items purchased)
  • monetaryRatio = return amount ratio (total monetary amount of items returned versus the amount purchased)
  • frequency = return frequency

In the connStr function, replace ServerName with your own connection information.

# Define the connection string to connect to the tpcxbb_1gb database

connStr <- "Driver=SQL Server;Server=ServerName;Database=tpcxbb_1gb;uid=Username;pwd=Password"

#Define the query to select data
input_query <- "
SELECT ss_customer_sk AS customer
    ,round(CASE 
            WHEN (
                       (orders_count = 0)
                    OR (returns_count IS NULL)
                    OR (orders_count IS NULL)
                    OR ((returns_count / orders_count) IS NULL)
                    )
                THEN 0.0
            ELSE (cast(returns_count AS NCHAR(10)) / orders_count)
            END, 7) AS orderRatio
    ,round(CASE 
            WHEN (
                     (orders_items = 0)
                  OR (returns_items IS NULL)
                  OR (orders_items IS NULL)
                  OR ((returns_items / orders_items) IS NULL)
                 )
            THEN 0.0
            ELSE (cast(returns_items AS NCHAR(10)) / orders_items)
            END, 7) AS itemsRatio
    ,round(CASE 
            WHEN (
                     (orders_money = 0)
                  OR (returns_money IS NULL)
                  OR (orders_money IS NULL)
                  OR ((returns_money / orders_money) IS NULL)
                 )
            THEN 0.0
            ELSE (cast(returns_money AS NCHAR(10)) / orders_money)
            END, 7) AS monetaryRatio
    ,round(CASE 
            WHEN (returns_count IS NULL)
            THEN 0.0
            ELSE returns_count
            END, 0) AS frequency
FROM (
    SELECT ss_customer_sk,
        -- return order ratio
        COUNT(DISTINCT (ss_ticket_number)) AS orders_count,
        -- return ss_item_sk ratio
        COUNT(ss_item_sk) AS orders_items,
        -- return monetary amount ratio
        SUM(ss_net_paid) AS orders_money
    FROM store_sales s
    GROUP BY ss_customer_sk
    ) orders
LEFT OUTER JOIN (
    SELECT sr_customer_sk,
        -- return order ratio
        count(DISTINCT (sr_ticket_number)) AS returns_count,
        -- return ss_item_sk ratio
        COUNT(sr_item_sk) AS returns_items,
        -- return monetary amount ratio
        SUM(sr_return_amt) AS returns_money
    FROM store_returns
    GROUP BY sr_customer_sk
    ) returned ON ss_customer_sk = sr_customer_sk";

Load the data into a data frame

Now use the following script to return the results from the query to an R data frame.

# Query using input_query and get the results back
# to data frame customer_data

library(RODBC)

ch <- odbcDriverConnect(connStr)

customer_data <- sqlQuery(ch, input_query)

# Take a look at the data just loaded
head(customer_data, n = 5);

You should see results similar to the following.

  customer orderRatio itemsRatio monetaryRatio frequency
1    29727          0          0      0.000000         0
2    26429          0          0      0.041979         1
3    60053          0          0      0.065762         3
4    97643          0          0      0.037034         3
5    32549          0          0      0.031281         4

Clean up resources

If you're not going to continue with this tutorial, delete the tpcxbb_1gb database.

Next steps

In part two of this tutorial series, you learned how to:

  • Separate customers along different dimensions using R
  • Load the data from the database into an R data frame

To create a machine learning model that uses this customer data, follow part three of this tutorial series: