Cursor Behaviors

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL ServeryesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

ODBC supports the ISO options for specifying the behavior of cursors by specifying their scrollability and sensitivity. These behaviors are specified by setting the SQL_ATTR_CURSOR_SCROLLABLE and SQL_ATTR_CURSOR_SENSITIVITY options on a call to SQLSetStmtAttr. The SQL Server Native Client ODBC driver implements these options by requesting server cursors with the following characteristics.

Cursor behavior settings Server cursor characteristics requested
SQL_SCROLLABLE and SQL_SENSITIVE Keyset-driven cursor and version-based optimistic concurrency
SQL_SCROLLABLE and SQL_INSENSITIVE Static cursor and read-only concurrency
SQL_SCROLLABLE and SQL_UNSPECIFIED Static cursor and read-only concurrency
SQL_NONSCROLLABLE and SQL_SENSITIVE Forward-only cursor and version-based optimistic concurrency
SQL_NONSCROLLABLE and SQL_INSENSITIVE Default result set (forward-only, read-only)
SQL_NONSCROLLABLE and SQL_UNSPECIFIED Default result set (forward-only, read-only)

Version-based optimistic concurrency requires a timestamp column in the underlying table. If version-based optimistic concurrency control is requested on a table that does not have a timestamp column, the server uses values-based optimistic concurrency.

Scrollability

When SQL_ATTR_CURSOR_SCROLLABLE is set to SQL_SCROLLABLE, the cursor supports all the different values for the FetchOrientation parameter of SQLFetchScroll. When SQL_ATTR_CURSOR_SCROLLABLE is set to SQL_NONSCROLLABLE, the cursor only supports a FetchOrientation value of SQL_FETCH_NEXT.

Sensitivity

When SQL_ATTR_CURSOR_SENSITIVITY is set to SQL_SENSITIVE, the cursor reflects data modifications made by the current user or committed by other users. When SQL_ATTR_CURSOR_SENSITIVITY is set to SQL_INSENSITIVE, the cursor does not reflect data modifications.

See Also

Using Cursors (ODBC) Cursor Properties