Install PolyBase on Linux

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (Linux only) noAzure SQL Database noAzure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) noParallel Data Warehouse

The following steps install PolyBase (mssql-server-polybase) on Linux. PolyBase enables you to run external queries against remote data sources.

Note

Before installing Polybase, first install SQL Server 2019 preview. This configures the keys and repositories that you use when installing the mssql-server-polybase package.

PolyBase is not supported on SQL Server 2017 for Linux. Scale-out for PolyBase on Linux is currently unavailable.

Install PolyBase for your operating system:

Install on RHEL

Use the following command to install the mssql-server-polybase on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

sudo yum install -y mssql-server-polybase

You will be prompted to restart the SQL Server instance. Use the following command to do so.

sudo systemctl restart mssql-server

Note

After installation, you must enable the PolyBase feature.

If you need an offline installation, locate the PolyBase package download in the Release notes. Then use the same offline installation steps described in the article Install SQL Server.

Install on Ubuntu

Use the following command to install the mssql-server-polybase on Ubuntu.

sudo apt-get install mssql-server-polybase

You will be prompted to restart the SQL Server instance. Use the following command to do so.

sudo systemctl restart mssql-server

Note

After installation, you must enable the PolyBase feature.

If you need an offline installation, locate the PolyBase package download in the Release notes. Then use the same offline installation steps described in the article Install SQL Server.

Install on SLES

Use the following commands to install the mssql-server-polybase on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

sudo zypper install mssql-server-polybase

You will be prompted to restart the SQL Server instance. Use the following command to do so.

sudo systemctl restart mssql-server

Note

After installation, you must enable the PolyBase feature.

If you need an offline installation, locate the PolyBase package download in the Release notes. Then use the same offline installation steps described in the article Install SQL Server.

Enable PolyBase

After installation, PolyBase must be enabled to access its features. Connect to the installed SQL Server instance and use the following Transact-SQL command to enable.

exec sp_configure @configname = 'polybase enabled', @configvalue = 1;
RECONFIGURE [WITH OVERRIDE];

Update PolyBase

If you already have mssql-server-polybase installed, you can update to the latest version with the following commands:

RHEL

sudo yum remove -y mssql-server-polybase
sudo yum check-update
sudo yum install -y mssql-server-polybase

You will be prompted to restart the SQL Server instance. Use the following command to do so.

sudo systemctl restart mssql-server

Ubuntu

sudo apt-get remove mssql-server-polybase
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install mssql-server-polybase

You will be prompted to restart the SQL Server instance. Use the following command to do so.

sudo systemctl restart mssql-server

SLES

sudo zypper remove mssql-server-polybase
sudo zypper refresh
sudo zypper install mssql-server-polybase

You will be prompted to restart the SQL Server instance. Use the following command to do so.

sudo systemctl restart mssql-server

Note

After installation, you must enable the PolyBase feature.

Next steps

PolyBase on Linux can access the following data sources. Follow the provided links for more information on how to create an external table from these sources on PolyBase is enabled.

For more information on how this is used, see Transact-SQL reference article for CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE.