You can start Windows PowerShell sessions from Object Explorer in SQL Server Management Studio. Management Studio launches Windows PowerShell, loads the sqlps module, and sets the path context to the associated node in the Object Explorer tree.
Before You Begin
When you specify running PowerShell for an object in Object Explorer, SQL Server Management Studio starts a Windows PowerShell session in which the SQL Server PowerShell snap-ins have been loaded and registered. The path for the session is preset to the location of the object you right clicked in Object Explorer. For example, if you right-click the AdventureWorks2012 database object in Object Explorer and select Start PowerShell, the Windows PowerShell path is set to the following:
To run PowerShell from SQL Server Management Studio
Open Object Explorer.
Navigate to the node for the object to be worked on.
Right-click the object and select Start PowerShell.
When opened from Management Studio, PowerShell does not run with Administrator privileges which may prevent some activities such as calls to WMI.