# Point

**APPLIES TO:** SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) Parallel Data Warehouse

In SQL Server spatial data, a **Point** is a 0-dimensional object representing a single location and may contain Z (elevation) and M (measure) values.

## Geography Data Type

The Point type for the geography data type represents a single location where *Lat* represents latitude and *Long* represents longitude. The values for latitude and longitude are measured in degrees. Values for latitude always lie in the interval [-90, 90], and values that are inputted outside this range will throw an exception. Values for longitude always lie in the interval (-180, 180], and values inputted outside this range are wrapped around to fit in this range. For example, if 190 is inputted for longitude, then it will be wrapped to the value -170. *SRID* represents the spatial reference ID of the **geography** instance that you wish to return.

## Geometry Data Type

The Point type for the geometry data type represents a single location where *X* represents the X-coordinate of the Point being generated and *Y* represents the Y-coordinate of the Point being generated. *SRID* represents the spatial reference ID of the **geometry** instance that you wish to return.

## Examples

### Example A.

The following example creates a `geometry Point`

instance representing the point (3, 4) with an SRID of 0.

```
DECLARE @g geometry;
SET @g = geometry::STGeomFromText('POINT (3 4)', 0);
```

### Example B.

The following example creates a `geometry``Point`

instance representing the point (3, 4) with a Z (elevation) value of 7, an M (measure) value of 2.5, and the default SRID of 0.

```
DECLARE @g geometry;
SET @g = geometry::Parse('POINT(3 4 7 2.5)');
```

### Example C.

The following example returns the X, Y, Z, and M values for the `geometry``Point`

instance.

```
SELECT @g.STX;
SELECT @g.STY;
SELECT @g.Z;
SELECT @g.M;
```

### Example D.

Z and M values may be explicitly specified as NULL, as shown in the following example.

```
DECLARE @g geometry;
SET @g = geometry::Parse('POINT(3 4 NULL NULL)');
```

## See Also

MultiPoint

STX (geometry Data Type)

STY (geometry Data Type)

Spatial Data (SQL Server)

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