sys.system_columns (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: yesSQL Server (all supported versions) YesAzure SQL Database YesAzure SQL Managed Instance yesAzure Synapse Analytics yesParallel Data Warehouse

Contains a row for each column of system objects that have columns.

Column name Data type Description
object_id int ID of the object to which this column belongs.
name sysname Name of the column. Is unique within the object.
column_id int ID of the column. Is unique within the object.

Column IDs might not be sequential.
system_type_id tinyint ID of the system-type of the column
user_type_id int ID of the type of the column as defined by the user.

To return the name of the type, join to the sys.types catalog view on this column.
max_length smallint Maximum length (in bytes) of column.

-1 = Column data type is varchar(max), nvarchar(max), varbinary(max), or xml.

For text columns, the max_length value will be 16 or the value set by sp_tableoption 'text in row'.
precision tinyint Precision of the column if numeric-based; otherwise, 0.
scale tinyint Scale of the column if numeric-based; otherwise, 0.
collation_name sysname Name of the collation of the column if character-based; otherwise, NULL.
is_nullable bit 1 = Column is nullable.
is_ansi_padded bit 1 = Column uses ANSI_PADDING ON behavior if character, binary, or variant.

0 = Column is not character, binary, or variant.
is_rowguidcol bit 1 = Column is a declared ROWGUIDCOL.
is_identity bit 1 = Column has identity values.
is_computed bit 1 = Column is a computed column.
is_filestream bit 1 = Column is declared to use filestream storage.
is_replicated bit 1 = Column is replicated.
is_non_sql_subscribed bit 1 = Column has a non-SQL Server subscriber.
is_merge_published bit 1 = Column is merge-published.
is_dts_replicated bit 1 = Column is replicated by using SSIS.
is_xml_document bit 1 = Content is a complete XML document.

0 = Content is a document fragment, or the column data type is not xml.
xml_collection_id int Non-zero if the column data type is xml and the XML is typed. The value will be the ID of the collection containing the validating XML schema namespace of the column.

0 = No XML schema collection.
default_object_id int ID of the default object, regardless of whether it is a stand-alone sys.sp_bindefault, or an inline, column-level DEFAULT constraint. The parent_object_id column of an inline column-level default object is a reference back to the table itself. Or, 0 if there is no default.
rule_object_id int ID of the stand-alone rule bound to the column by using sys.sp_bindrule.

0 = No stand-alone rule.

For column-level CHECK constraints, see sys.check_constraints (Transact-SQL).
is_sparse bit 1 = Column is a sparse column. For more information, see Use Sparse Columns.
is_column_set bit 1 = Column is a column set. For more information, see Use Column Sets.
generated_always_type tinyint The numeric value representing the type of column:



generated_always_type_desc nvarchar(60) The text description of the type of column:




Applies to: SQL Server 2016 (13.x) and later.


The visibility of the metadata in catalog views is limited to securables that a user either owns or on which the user has been granted some permission. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.

See Also

Object Catalog Views (Transact-SQL)
Catalog Views (Transact-SQL)
Querying the SQL Server System Catalog FAQ
sys.columns (Transact-SQL)
sys.all_columns (Transact-SQL)
sys.computed_columns (Transact-SQL)