sys.dm_exec_requests (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Returns information about each request that is executing within SQL Server.

Note

To execute code that is outside SQL Server (for example, extended stored procedures and distributed queries), a thread has to execute outside the control of the non-preemptive scheduler. To do this, a worker switches to preemptive mode. Time values returned by this dynamic management view do not include time spent in preemptive mode.

Column name Data type Description
session_id smallint ID of the session to which this request is related. Is not nullable.
request_id int ID of the request. Unique in the context of the session. Is not nullable.
start_time datetime Timestamp when the request arrived. Is not nullable.
status nvarchar(30) Status of the request. This can be one of the following:

Background
Running
Runnable
Sleeping
Suspended

Is not nullable.
command nvarchar(32) Identifies the current type of command that is being processed. Common command types include the following:

SELECT
INSERT
UPDATE
DELETE
BACKUP LOG
BACKUP DATABASE
DBCC
FOR

The text of the request can be retrieved by using sys.dm_exec_sql_text with the corresponding sql_handle for the request. Internal system processes set the command based on the type of task they perform. Tasks can include the following:

LOCK MONITOR
CHECKPOINTLAZY
WRITER

Is not nullable.
sql_handle varbinary(64) Hash map of the SQL text of the request. Is nullable.
statement_start_offset int Number of characters into the currently executing batch or stored procedure at which the currently executing statement starts. Can be used together with the sql_handle, the statement_end_offset, and the sys.dm_exec_sql_text dynamic management function to retrieve the currently executing statement for the request. Is nullable.
statement_end_offset int Number of characters into the currently executing batch or stored procedure at which the currently executing statement ends. Can be used together with the sql_handle, the statement_end_offset, and the sys.dm_exec_sql_text dynamic management function to retrieve the currently executing statement for the request. Is nullable.
plan_handle varbinary(64) Hash map of the plan for SQL execution. Is nullable.
database_id smallint ID of the database the request is executing against. Is not nullable.
user_id int ID of the user who submitted the request. Is not nullable.
connection_id uniqueidentifier ID of the connection on which the request arrived. Is nullable.
blocking_session_id smallint ID of the session that is blocking the request. If this column is NULL, the request is not blocked, or the session information of the blocking session is not available (or cannot be identified).

-2 = The blocking resource is owned by an orphaned distributed transaction.

-3 = The blocking resource is owned by a deferred recovery transaction.

-4 = Session ID of the blocking latch owner could not be determined at this time because of internal latch state transitions.
wait_type nvarchar(60) If the request is currently blocked, this column returns the type of wait. Is nullable.

For information about types of waits, see sys.dm_os_wait_stats (Transact-SQL).
wait_time int If the request is currently blocked, this column returns the duration in milliseconds, of the current wait. Is not nullable.
last_wait_type nvarchar(60) If this request has previously been blocked, this column returns the type of the last wait. Is not nullable.
wait_resource nvarchar(256) If the request is currently blocked, this column returns the resource for which the request is currently waiting. Is not nullable.
open_transaction_count int Number of transactions that are open for this request. Is not nullable.
open_resultset_count int Number of result sets that are open for this request. Is not nullable.
transaction_id bigint ID of the transaction in which this request executes. Is not nullable.
context_info varbinary(128) CONTEXT_INFO value of the session. Is nullable.
percent_complete real Percentage of work completed for the following commands:

ALTER INDEX REORGANIZE
AUTO_SHRINK option with ALTER DATABASE
BACKUP DATABASE
DBCC CHECKDB
DBCC CHECKFILEGROUP
DBCC CHECKTABLE
DBCC INDEXDEFRAG
DBCC SHRINKDATABASE
DBCC SHRINKFILE
RECOVERY
RESTORE DATABASE
ROLLBACK
TDE ENCRYPTION

Is not nullable.
estimated_completion_time bigint Internal only. Is not nullable.
cpu_time int CPU time in milliseconds that is used by the request. Is not nullable.
total_elapsed_time int Total time elapsed in milliseconds since the request arrived. Is not nullable.
scheduler_id int ID of the scheduler that is scheduling this request. Is not nullable.
task_address varbinary(8) Memory address allocated to the task that is associated with this request. Is nullable.
reads bigint Number of reads performed by this request. Is not nullable.
writes bigint Number of writes performed by this request. Is not nullable.
logical_reads bigint Number of logical reads that have been performed by the request. Is not nullable.
text_size int TEXTSIZE setting for this request. Is not nullable.
language nvarchar(128) Language setting for the request. Is nullable.
date_format nvarchar(3) DATEFORMAT setting for the request. Is nullable.
date_first smallint DATEFIRST setting for the request. Is not nullable.
quoted_identifier bit 1 = QUOTED_IDENTIFIER is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
arithabort bit 1 = ARITHABORT setting is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
ansi_null_dflt_on bit 1 = ANSI_NULL_DFLT_ON setting is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
ansi_defaults bit 1 = ANSI_DEFAULTS setting is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
ansi_warnings bit 1 = ANSI_WARNINGS setting is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
ansi_padding bit 1 = ANSI_PADDING setting is ON for the request.

Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
ansi_nulls bit 1 = ANSI_NULLS setting is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
concat_null_yields_null bit 1 = CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL setting is ON for the request. Otherwise, it is 0.

Is not nullable.
transaction_isolation_level smallint Isolation level with which the transaction for this request is created. Is not nullable.

0 = Unspecified

1 = ReadUncomitted

2 = ReadCommitted

3 = Repeatable

4 = Serializable

5 = Snapshot
lock_timeout int Lock time-out period in milliseconds for this request. Is not nullable.
deadlock_priority int DEADLOCK_PRIORITY setting for the request. Is not nullable.
row_count bigint Number of rows that have been returned to the client by this request. Is not nullable.
prev_error int Last error that occurred during the execution of the request. Is not nullable.
nest_level int Current nesting level of code that is executing on the request. Is not nullable.
granted_query_memory int Number of pages allocated to the execution of a query on the request. Is not nullable.
executing_managed_code bit Indicates whether a specific request is currently executing common language runtime objects, such as routines, types, and triggers. It is set for the full time a common language runtime object is on the stack, even while running Transact-SQL from within common language runtime. Is not nullable.
group_id int ID of the workload group to which this query belongs. Is not nullable.
query_hash binary(8) Binary hash value calculated on the query and used to identify queries with similar logic. You can use the query hash to determine the aggregate resource usage for queries that differ only by literal values.
query_plan_hash binary(8) Binary hash value calculated on the query execution plan and used to identify similar query execution plans. You can use query plan hash to find the cumulative cost of queries with similar execution plans.
statement_sql_handle varbinary(64) Applies to: SQL Server 2014 through SQL Server 2017.

SQL handle of the individual query.
statement_context_id bigint Applies to: SQL Server 2014 through SQL Server 2017.

The optional foreign key to sys.query_context_settings.
dop int Applies to: SQL Server 2016 through SQL Server 2017.

The degree of parallelism of the query.
parallel_worker_count int Applies to: SQL Server 2016 through SQL Server 2017.

The number of reserved parallel workers if this is a parallel query.
external_script_request_id uniqueidentifier Applies to: SQL Server 2016 through SQL Server 2017.

The external script request ID associated with the current request.
is_resumable bit Applies to: SQL Server 2017 through SQL Server 2017.

Indicates whether the request is a resumable index operation.
pdw_node_id int Applies to: Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse

The identifier for the node that this distribution is on.

Permissions

If the user has VIEW SERVER STATE permission on the server, the user will see all executing sessions on the instance of SQL Server; otherwise, the user will see only the current session. VIEW SERVER STATE cannot be granted in SQL Database so sys.dm_exec_requests is always limited to the current connection.

Examples

A. Finding the query text for a running batch

The following example queries sys.dm_exec_requests to find the interesting query and copy its sql_handle from the output.

SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_requests;  
GO  

Then, to obtain the statement text, use the copied sql_handle with system function sys.dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle).

SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_sql_text(< copied sql_handle >);  
GO  

B. Finding all locks that a running batch is holding

The following example queries sys.dm_exec_requests to find the interesting batch and copy its transaction_id from the output.

SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_requests;  
GO  

Then, to find lock information, use the copied transaction_id with the system function sys.dm_tran_locks.

SELECT * FROM sys.dm_tran_locks   
WHERE request_owner_type = N'TRANSACTION'   
    AND request_owner_id = < copied transaction_id >;  
GO  

C. Finding all currently blocked requests

The following example queries sys.dm_exec_requests to find information about blocked requests.

SELECT session_id ,status ,blocking_session_id  
    ,wait_type ,wait_time ,wait_resource   
    ,transaction_id   
FROM sys.dm_exec_requests   
WHERE status = N'suspended';  
GO  

See Also

Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
Execution Related Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_os_memory_clerks (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_os_sys_info (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_exec_query_memory_grants (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_exec_query_plan (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_exec_sql_text (Transact-SQL)