sp_startpublication_snapshot (Transact-SQL)

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server noAzure SQL Database noAzure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) noParallel Data Warehouse

Used to start the Snapshot Agent job that generates the initial snapshot for a publication. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sp_startpublication_snapshot [ @publication = ] 'publication'   
    [ , [ @publisher = ] 'publisher' ]  


[ @publication = ] 'publication' Is the name of the publication. publication is sysname, with no default.

[ @publisher = ] 'publisher' Is the name of a non- SQL Server Publisher. publisher is sysname, with a default value of NULL. You should not specify this parameter for a SQL Server Publisher.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)


sp_startpublication_snapshot is used with all types of replication.

For a non- SQL Server Publisher, this stored procedure is executed at the Distributor on the distribution database.


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role or db_owner fixed database role can execute sp_startpublication_snapshot.

See Also

Create and Apply the Initial Snapshot
sp_addpublication_snapshot (Transact-SQL)
sp_changepublication_snapshot (Transact-SQL)