Lesson 1-1 - Examining the Current Structure of the Employee Table

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2012)noAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

The sample AdventureWorks2012 database contains an Employee table in the HumanResources schema. To avoid changing the original table, this step makes a copy of the Employee table named EmployeeDemo. To simplify the example, you only copy five columns from the original table. Then, you query the HumanResources.EmployeeDemo table to review how the data is structured in a table without using the hierarchyid data type.

To copy the Employee table

  1. In a Query Editor window, run the following code to copy the table structure and data from the Employee table into a new table named EmployeeDemo.

    USE AdventureWorks ;  
    SELECT EmployeeID, LoginID, ManagerID, Title, HireDate   
    INTO HumanResources.EmployeeDemo   
    FROM HumanResources.Employee ;  

To examine the structure and data of the EmployeeDemo table

  • This new EmployeeDemo table represents a typical table in an existing database that you might want to migrate to a new structure. In a Query Editor window, run the following code to show how the table uses a self join to display the employee/manager relationships:

         Mgr.EmployeeID AS MgrID, Mgr.LoginID AS Manager,   
         Emp.EmployeeID AS E_ID, Emp.LoginID, Emp.Title  
    FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo AS Emp  
    LEFT JOIN HumanResources.EmployeeDemo AS Mgr  
    ON Emp.ManagerID = Mgr.EmployeeID  
    ORDER BY MgrID, E_ID  

    Here is the result set.

    MgrID Manager                 E_ID LoginID                  Title  
    NULL NULL                      109 adventure-works\ken0     Chief Executive Officer  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  4   adventure-works\rob0     Senior Tool Designer  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  9   adventure-works\gail0    Design Engineer  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  11  adventure-works\jossef0  Design Engineer  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  158 adventure-works\dylan0   Research and Development Manager  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  263 adventure-works\ovidiu0  Senior Tool Designer  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  267 adventure-works\michael8 Senior Design Engineer  
    3    adventure-works\roberto0  270 adventure-works\sharon0  Design Engineer  
    6    adventure-works\david0    2   adventure-works\kevin0   Marketing Assistant  

    The results continue for a total of 290 rows.

Notice that the ORDER BY clause caused the output to list the direct reports of each management level together. For instance, all seven of the direct reports of MgrID 3 (roberto0) are listed adjacent to each other. Although not impossible, it is much more difficult to group all those who eventually report to MgrID 3.

In the next task, we will create a new table with a hierarchyid data type, and move the data into the new table.

Next Task in Lesson

Populating a Table with Existing Hierarchical Data