Example: Specifying the ID and IDREF Directives

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server noAzure SQL Database noAzure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) noParallel Data Warehouse

This example is almost the same the Specifying the ELEMENTXSINIL Directive example. The only difference is that the query specifies the ID and IDREF directives. These directives overwrite the types of the SalesPersonID attribute in the <OrderHeader> and <OrderDetail> elements. This forms intra-document links. You need the schema to see the overwritten types. Therefore, the query specifies the XMLDATA option in the FOR XML clause to retrieve the schema.

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GO  
SELECT  1 as Tag,  
        0 as Parent,  
        SalesOrderID  as [OrderHeader!1!SalesOrderID!id],  
        OrderDate     as [OrderHeader!1!OrderDate],  
        CustomerID    as [OrderHeader!1!CustomerID],  
        NULL          as [SalesPerson!2!SalesPersonID],  
        NULL          as [OrderDetail!3!SalesOrderID!idref],
        NULL          as [OrderDetail!3!LineTotal],  
        NULL          as [OrderDetail!3!ProductID],  
        NULL          as [OrderDetail!3!OrderQty]  
FROM   Sales.SalesOrderHeader  
WHERE  SalesOrderID=43659 or SalesOrderID=43661  

UNION ALL   
SELECT 2 as Tag,  
       1 as Parent,  
        SalesOrderID,   
        NULL,  
        NULL,  
        SalesPersonID,    
        NULL,           
        NULL,           
        NULL,  
        NULL           
FROM   Sales.SalesOrderHeader  
WHERE  SalesOrderID=43659 or SalesOrderID=43661  

UNION ALL  
SELECT 3 as Tag,  
       1 as Parent,  
        SOD.SalesOrderID,  
        NULL,  
        NULL,  
        SalesPersonID,  
        SOH.SalesOrderID,  
        LineTotal,  
        ProductID,  
        OrderQty     
FROM    Sales.SalesOrderHeader SOH,
        Sales.SalesOrderDetail SOD  
WHERE   SOH.SalesOrderID = SOD.SalesOrderID  
AND     (SOH.SalesOrderID=43659 or SOH.SalesOrderID=43661)
ORDER BY [OrderHeader!1!SalesOrderID!id],
         [SalesPerson!2!SalesPersonID],  
         [OrderDetail!3!SalesOrderID!idref],
         [OrderDetail!3!LineTotal]

FOR XML EXPLICIT, XMLDATA;

This is the partial result. In the schema, note that the ID and IDREF directives have overwritten the data types of the SalesOrderID attribute in the <OrderHeader> and <OrderDetail> elements. If you remove these directives, the schema returns original types of these attributes.

<Schema
       name="Schema1"
       xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xml-data"
       xmlns:dt="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:datatypes">  
  <ElementType name="OrderHeader" content="mixed" model="open">  
    <AttributeType name="SalesOrderID" dt:type="id" />  
    <AttributeType name="OrderDate" dt:type="dateTime" />  
    <AttributeType name="CustomerID" dt:type="i4" />  
    <attribute type="SalesOrderID" />  
    <attribute type="OrderDate" />  
    <attribute type="CustomerID" />  
  </ElementType>  
  <ElementType name="SalesPerson" content="mixed" model="open">  
    <AttributeType name="SalesPersonID" dt:type="i4" />  
    <attribute type="SalesPersonID" />  
  </ElementType>  
  <ElementType name="OrderDetail" content="mixed" model="open">  
    <AttributeType name="SalesOrderID" dt:type="idref" />  
    <AttributeType name="LineTotal" dt:type="number" />  
    <AttributeType name="ProductID" dt:type="i4" />  
    <AttributeType name="OrderQty" dt:type="i2" />  
    <attribute type="SalesOrderID" />  
    <attribute type="LineTotal" />  
    <attribute type="ProductID" />  
    <attribute type="OrderQty" />  
  </ElementType>  
</Schema>  
<OrderHeader
       xmlns="x-schema:#Schema1"
       SalesOrderID="43659"
       OrderDate="2001-07-01T00:00:00"
       CustomerID="676">  
  <SalesPerson SalesPersonID="279" />  
  <OrderDetail
         SalesOrderID="43659"
         LineTotal="10.373000"
         ProductID="712"
         OrderQty="2" />  
  ...  
</OrderHeader>  
...  

See Also

Use EXPLICIT Mode with FOR XML