Data type synonyms (Transact-SQL)
Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance
Data type synonyms are included in SQL Server for ISO compatibility. The following table lists the synonyms and the SQL Server system data types that they map to.
|Synonym||SQL Server system data type|
|float[(n)] for n = 1-7||real|
|float[(n)] for n = 8-15||float|
|national character varying(n)||nvarchar(n)|
|national char varying(n)||nvarchar(n)|
Data type synonyms can be used instead of the corresponding base data type name in data definition language (DDL) statements. These statements include CREATE TABLE, CREATE PROCEDURE, and DECLARE @variable. However, after the object is created, the synonyms have no visibility. When the object is created, the object is assigned the base data type that is associated with the synonym. There's no record that the synonym was specified in the statement that created the object.
Objects that are derived from the original object, such as result set columns or expressions, are assigned the base data type. Any metadata functions that use the original object or any derived objects will report the base data type, not the synonym, including:
- Metadata operations, such as sp_help and other system stored procedures,
- Information schema views, and
- Data access API metadata operations that report the data types of table or result set columns.
For example, you can create a table by specifying
national character varying:
CREATE TABLE ExampleTable (PriKey int PRIMARY KEY, VarCharCol national character varying(10))
VarCharCol is assigned an nvarchar(10) data type, and all following metadata functions will report the column as an nvarchar(10) column. The metadata functions will never report them as a national character varying(10) column.
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