# Mathematical Functions (Transact-SQL)

**Applies to:** SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Parallel Data Warehouse

The following scalar functions perform a calculation, usually based on input values that are provided as arguments, and return a numeric value:

- ABS
- ACOS
- ASIN
- ATAN
- ATN2
- CEILING
- COS
- COT
- DEGREES
- EXP
- FLOOR
- LOG
- LOG10
- PI
- POWER
- RADIANS
- RAND
- ROUND
- SIGN
- SIN
- SQRT
- SQUARE
- TAN

Note

Arithmetic functions, such as ABS, CEILING, DEGREES, FLOOR, POWER, RADIANS, and SIGN, return a value having the same data type as the input value. Trigonometric and other functions, including EXP, LOG, LOG10, SQUARE, and SQRT, cast their input values to **float** and return a **float** value.

All mathematical functions, except for RAND, are deterministic functions. This means they return the same results each time they are called with a specific set of input values. RAND is deterministic only when a seed parameter is specified. For more information about function determinism, see Deterministic and Nondeterministic Functions.