Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics
Returns a pseudo-random float value from 0 through 1, exclusive.
RAND ( [ seed ] )
To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 and earlier, see Previous versions documentation.
This syntax is not supported by serverless SQL pool in Azure Synapse Analytics.
Is an integer expression (tinyint, smallint, or int) that gives the seed value. If seed is not specified, the SQL Server Database Engine assigns a seed value at random. For a specified seed value, the result returned is always the same.
Repetitive calls of RAND() with the same seed value return the same results.
For one connection, if RAND() is called with a specified seed value, all subsequent calls of RAND() produce results based on the seeded RAND() call. For example, the following query will always return the same sequence of numbers.
SELECT RAND(100), RAND(), RAND()
The following example produces four different random numbers that are generated by the RAND function.
DECLARE @counter SMALLINT; SET @counter = 1; WHILE @counter < 5 BEGIN SELECT RAND() Random_Number SET @counter = @counter + 1 END; GO
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