# STR (Transact-SQL)

**THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:**SQL Server (starting with 2008)Azure SQL DatabaseAzure SQL Data Warehouse Parallel Data Warehouse

Returns character data converted from numeric data.

Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

## Syntax

```
-- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse
STR ( float_expression [ , length [ , decimal ] ] )
```

## Arguments

*float_expression*

Is an expression of approximate numeric (**float**) data type with a decimal point.

*length*

Is the total length. This includes decimal point, sign, digits, and spaces. The default is 10.

*decimal*

Is the number of places to the right of the decimal point. *decimal* must be less than or equal to 16. If *decimal* is more than 16 then the result is truncated to sixteen places to the right of the decimal point.

## Return Types

**varchar**

## Remarks

If supplied, the values for *length* and *decimal* parameters to STR should be positive. The number is rounded to an integer by default or if the decimal parameter is 0. The specified length should be greater than or equal to the part of the number before the decimal point plus the number's sign (if any). A short *float_expression* is right-justified in the specified length, and a long *float_expression* is truncated to the specified number of decimal places. For example, STR(12**,**10) yields the result of 12. This is right-justified in the result set. However, STR(1223**,**2) truncates the result set to **. String functions can be nested.

##### Note

To convert to Unicode data, use STR inside a CONVERT or CAST conversion function.

## Examples

The following example converts an expression that is made up of five digits and a decimal point to a six-position character string. The fractional part of the number is rounded to one decimal place.

```
SELECT STR(123.45, 6, 1);
GO
```

Here is the result set.

```
------
123.5
(1 row(s) affected)
```

When the expression exceeds the specified length, the string returns `**`

for the specified length.

```
SELECT STR(123.45, 2, 2);
GO
```

Here is the result set.

```
--
**
(1 row(s) affected)
```

Even when numeric data is nested within `STR`

, the result is character data with the specified format.

```
SELECT STR (FLOOR (123.45), 8, 3;)
GO
```

Here is the result set.

```
--------
123.000
(1 row(s) affected)
```

## Examples: Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse

The following example converts an expression that is made up of five digits and a decimal point to a six-position character string. The fractional part of the number is rounded to one decimal place.

```
SELECT STR(123.45, 6, 1);
GO
```

Here is the result set.

```
------
123.5
(1 row(s) affected)
```

When the expression exceeds the specified length, the string returns `**`

for the specified length.

```
SELECT STR(123.45, 2, 2);
GO
```

Here is the result set.

```
--
**
(1 row(s) affected)
```

Even when numeric data is nested within `STR`

, the result is character data with the specified format.

```
SELECT STR (FLOOR (123.45), 8, 3);
GO
```

Here is the result set.

```
--------
123.000
(1 row(s) affected)
```