TRIM (Transact-SQL)

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server yesAzure SQL Database yesAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Removes the space character char(32) or other specified characters from the start or end of a string.

Syntax

-- Syntax for SQL Server and Azure SQL Database
TRIM ( [ characters FROM ] string )
-- Syntax for Azure SQL Data Warehouse
TRIM ( string )

Arguments

characters Is a literal, variable, or function call of any non-LOB character type (nvarchar, varchar, nchar, or char) containing characters that should be removed. nvarchar(max) and varchar(max) types aren't allowed.

string Is an expression of any character type (nvarchar, varchar, nchar, or char) where characters should be removed.

Return Types

Returns a character expression with a type of string argument where the space character char(32) or other specified characters are removed from both sides. Returns NULL if input string is NULL.

Remarks

By default, the TRIM function removes the space character from both the beginning and the ending ends of the string. This behavior is equivalent to LTRIM(RTRIM(@string)).

Examples

A. Removes the space character from both sides of string

The following example removes spaces from before and after the word test.

SELECT TRIM( '     test    ') AS Result;

Here is the result set.

test

B. Removes specified characters from both sides of string

The following example removes a trailing period and spaces from before # and after the word test.

SELECT TRIM( '.,! ' FROM  '     #     test    .') AS Result;

Here is the result set.

#     test

See Also

LEFT (Transact-SQL)
LTRIM (Transact-SQL)
RIGHT (Transact-SQL)
RTRIM (Transact-SQL)
STRING_SPLIT (Transact-SQL)
SUBSTRING (Transact-SQL)
String Functions (Transact-SQL)