Modulo (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

Returns the remainder of one number divided by another.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax

-- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse

dividend % divisor  

Arguments

dividend
Is the numeric expression to divide. dividend must be a valid expression of any one of the data types in the integer and monetary data type categories, or the numeric data type.

divisor
Is the numeric expression by which to divide the dividend. divisor must be any valid expression of any one of the data types in the integer and monetary data type categories, or the numeric data type.

Result Types

Determined by data types of the two arguments.

Remarks

You can use the modulo arithmetic operator in the select list of the SELECT statement with any combination of column names, numeric constants, or any valid expression of the integer and monetary data type categories or the numeric data type.

Examples

A. Simple example

The following example divides the number 38 by 5. This results in 7 as the integer portion of the result and demonstrates how modulo returns the remainder of 3.

SELECT 38 / 5 AS Integer, 38 % 5 AS Remainder ;  

B. Example using columns in a table

The following example returns the product ID number, the unit price of the product, and the modulo (remainder) of dividing the price of each product, converted to an integer value, into the number of products ordered.

-- Uses AdventureWorks  

SELECT TOP(100)ProductID, UnitPrice, OrderQty,  
   CAST((UnitPrice) AS int) % OrderQty AS Modulo  
FROM Sales.SalesOrderDetail;  
GO  

Examples: Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse

C: Simple example

The following example shows results for the % operator when dividing 3 by 2.

-- Uses AdventureWorks  

SELECT TOP(1) 3%2 FROM dimEmployee;  

Here is the result set.

---------   
1         

See Also

Built-in Functions (Transact-SQL)
LIKE (Transact-SQL)
Operators (Transact-SQL)
SELECT (Transact-SQL)
Modulo EQUALS (Transact-SQL)
Compound Operators (Transact-SQL)