IS NULL (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

Determines whether a specified expression is NULL.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax

-- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse  

expression IS [ NOT ] NULL  

Arguments

expression
Is any valid expression.

NOT
Specifies that the Boolean result be negated. The predicate reverses its return values, returning TRUE if the value is not NULL, and FALSE if the value is NULL.

Result Types

Boolean

Return Code Values

If the value of expression is NULL, IS NULL returns TRUE; otherwise, it returns FALSE.

If the value of expression is NULL, IS NOT NULL returns FALSE; otherwise, it returns TRUE.

Remarks

To determine whether an expression is NULL, use IS NULL or IS NOT NULL instead of comparison operators (such as = or !=). Comparison operators return UNKNOWN when either or both arguments are NULL.

Examples

The following example returns the name and the weight for all products for which either the weight is less than 10 pounds or the color is unknown, or NULL.

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GO  
SELECT Name, Weight, Color  
FROM Production.Product  
WHERE Weight < 10.00 OR Color IS NULL  
ORDER BY Name;  
GO  

Examples: Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse

The following example returns the full names of all employees with middle initials.

-- Uses AdventureWorks  

SELECT FirstName, LastName, MiddleName  
FROM DIMEmployee  
WHERE MiddleName IS NOT NULL  
ORDER BY LastName DESC;  

See Also

CASE (Transact-SQL)
CREATE PROCEDURE (Transact-SQL)
CREATE TABLE (Transact-SQL)
Data Types (Transact-SQL)
Expressions (Transact-SQL)
INSERT (Transact-SQL)
LIKE (Transact-SQL)
Operators (Transact-SQL)
Logical Operators (Transact-SQL)
SELECT (Transact-SQL)
sp_help (Transact-SQL)
UPDATE (Transact-SQL)
WHERE (Transact-SQL)