ALTER ASYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
Changes the properties of an asymmetric key.
ALTER ASYMMETRIC KEY Asym_Key_Name <alter_option> <alter_option> ::= <password_change_option> | REMOVE PRIVATE KEY <password_change_option> ::= WITH PRIVATE KEY ( <password_option> [ , <password_option> ] ) <password_option> ::= ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'strongPassword' | DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'oldPassword'
To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 and earlier, see Previous versions documentation.
Is the name by which the asymmetric key is known in the database.
REMOVE PRIVATE KEY
Removes the private key from the asymmetric key The public key is not removed.
WITH PRIVATE KEY
Changes the protection of the private key.
ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD ='strongPassword'
Specifies a new password for protecting the private key. password must meet the Windows password policy requirements of the computer that is running the instance of SQL Server. If this option is omitted, the private key will be encrypted by the database master key.
DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD ='oldPassword'
Specifies the old password, with which the private key is currently protected. Is not required if the private key is encrypted with the database master key.
If there is no database master key the ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD option is required, and the operation will fail if no password is supplied. For information about how to create a database master key, see CREATE MASTER KEY (Transact-SQL).
You can use ALTER ASYMMETRIC KEY to change the protection of the private key by specifying PRIVATE KEY options as shown in the following table.
|Change protection from||ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD||DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD|
|Old password to new password||Required||Required|
|Password to master key||Omit||Required|
|Master key to password||Required||Omit|
The database master key must be opened before it can be used to protect a private key. For more information, see OPEN MASTER KEY (Transact-SQL).
To change the ownership of an asymmetric key, use ALTER AUTHORIZATION.
Requires CONTROL permission on the asymmetric key if the private key is being removed.
A. Changing the password of the private key
The following example changes the password used to protect the private key of asymmetric key
PacificSales09. The new password will be
ALTER ASYMMETRIC KEY PacificSales09 WITH PRIVATE KEY ( DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '<oldPassword>', ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '<enterStrongPasswordHere>'); GO
B. Removing the private key from an asymmetric key
The following example removes the private key from
PacificSales19, leaving only the public key.
ALTER ASYMMETRIC KEY PacificSales19 REMOVE PRIVATE KEY; GO
C. Removing password protection from a private key
The following example removes the password protection from a private key and protects it with the database master key.
OPEN MASTER KEY DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '<database master key password>'; ALTER ASYMMETRIC KEY PacificSales09 WITH PRIVATE KEY ( DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '<enterStrongPasswordHere>' ); GO
CREATE ASYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
DROP ASYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
SQL Server and Database Encryption Keys (Database Engine)
CREATE MASTER KEY (Transact-SQL)
OPEN MASTER KEY (Transact-SQL)
Extensible Key Management (EKM)