Some SIDs do not resolve into friendly names

This article provides some information about the issue where some security identifiers (SIDS) do not resolve into friendly names.

Applies to:   Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 10 - all editions
Original KB number:   4502539

Symptoms

In some places in the Windows UI, you see Windows account security identifiers (SIDS) that do not resolve to friendly names. These places include the following:

  • File Explorer

  • Security Audit reports

  • The access control list (ACL) editor in Registry Editor, as shown in the following examples:

    A capability SID, visible in the ACL editor, does not resolve to a friendly name A capability SID that appears on the Advanced ACL editor does not resolve to a friendly name

Cause

Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8 introduced a type of SID that is known as a capability SID. By design, a capability SID does not resolve to a friendly name.

Capability SIDs uniquely and immutably identify capabilities. In this context, a capability is an unforgeable token of authority that grants a Windows component or a Universal Windows Application access to resources such as documents, cameras, locations, and so forth. An application that "has" a capability is granted access to the resource that is associated with the capability. An application that "does not have" a capability is denied access to the associated resource.

The most commonly used capability SID is the following:
S-1-15-3-1024-1065365936-1281604716-3511738428-1654721687-432734479-3232135806-4053264122-3456934681

Windows 10, version 1809 uses more than 300 capability SIDs.

More information

Important

DO NOT DELETE capability SIDS from either the Registry or file system permissions. Removing a capability SID from file system permissions or registry permissions may cause a feature or application to function incorrectly. After you remove a capability SID, you cannot use the UI to add it back.

When you are troubleshooting an unresolved SID, make sure that it is not a capability SID. To get a list of all of the capability SIDs that Windows has a record of, follow these steps:

  1. Select Start > Run, and then enter regedt32.exe.

  2. Navigate to the following registry entry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\SecurityManager\CapabilityClasses\AllCachedCapabilities.

  3. Copy the value data and paste it into a text file (or a similar location where you can search the data).

    Note

    This value may not include all capability SIDs that third-party applications use.

  4. Search the data for the SID that you are troubleshooting.

    • If you find the SID in the registry data, then it is a capability SID. By design, it will not resolve into a friendly name.
    • If you do not find the SID in the registry data, then it is not a known capability SID. You can continue to troubleshoot it as a normal unresolved SID. Keep in mind that there is a small chance that the SID could be a third-party capability SID, in which case it will not resolve into a friendly name.