OS/2 — OS/2 and Windows Metrics Table

The OS/2 table consists of a set of metrics and other data that are required in OpenType fonts.

Six versions of the OS/2 table have been defined: versions 0 to 5. All versions are supported, but use of version 4 or later is strongly recommended.

OS/2 Table Formats

Version 5

Version 5 was defined in OpenType 1.7. Version 5 has two additional fields beyond those in version 4. The format of version 5 is as follows:

Type Name Comments
uint16 version 0x0005
int16 xAvgCharWidth
uint16 usWeightClass
uint16 usWidthClass
uint16 fsType
int16 ySubscriptXSize
int16 ySubscriptYSize
int16 ySubscriptXOffset
int16 ySubscriptYOffset
int16 ySuperscriptXSize
int16 ySuperscriptYSize
int16 ySuperscriptXOffset
int16 ySuperscriptYOffset
int16 yStrikeoutSize
int16 yStrikeoutPosition
int16 sFamilyClass
uint8 panose[10]
uint32 ulUnicodeRange1 Bits 0–31
uint32 ulUnicodeRange2 Bits 32–63
uint32 ulUnicodeRange3 Bits 64–95
uint32 ulUnicodeRange4 Bits 96–127
Tag achVendID
uint16 fsSelection
uint16 usFirstCharIndex
uint16 usLastCharIndex
int16 sTypoAscender
int16 sTypoDescender
int16 sTypoLineGap
uint16 usWinAscent
uint16 usWinDescent
uint32 ulCodePageRange1 Bits 0–31
uint32 ulCodePageRange2 Bits 32–63
int16 sxHeight
int16 sCapHeight
uint16 usDefaultChar
uint16 usBreakChar
uint16 usMaxContext
uint16 usLowerOpticalPointSize
uint16 usUpperOpticalPointSize

Version 4

Version 4 was defined in OpenType 1.5. Version 4 has two fewer fields than version 5, and the same fields as in version 3. Although new fields were not added beyond those in version 3, the specification of certain fields was revised. The format of version 4 is as follows:

Type Name
uint16 version
int16 xAvgCharWidth
uint16 usWeightClass
uint16 usWidthClass
uint16 fsType
int16 ySubscriptXSize
int16 ySubscriptYSize
int16 ySubscriptXOffset
int16 ySubscriptYOffset
int16 ySuperscriptXSize
int16 ySuperscriptYSize
int16 ySuperscriptXOffset
int16 ySuperscriptYOffset
int16 yStrikeoutSize
int16 yStrikeoutPosition
int16 sFamilyClass
uint8 panose[10]
uint32 ulUnicodeRange1
uint32 ulUnicodeRange2
uint32 ulUnicodeRange3
uint32 ulUnicodeRange4
Tag achVendID
uint16 fsSelection
uint16 usFirstCharIndex
uint16 usLastCharIndex
int16 sTypoAscender
int16 sTypoDescender
int16 sTypoLineGap
uint16 usWinAscent
uint16 usWinDescent
uint32 ulCodePageRange1
uint32 ulCodePageRange2
int16 sxHeight
int16 sCapHeight
uint16 usDefaultChar
uint16 usBreakChar
uint16 usMaxContext

Version 3

Version 3 was defined in OpenType 1.4. Version 3 has the same fields as in version 4, and as in version 2. Although new fields were not added beyond those in version 2, the specification of certain fields was revised to reflect changes in Uniode 3.2. The format of version 3 is identical to the format for version 4, given above.

Version 2

Version 2 was defined in OpenType 1.1. Version 2 has the same fields as in version 3, and five additional fields beyond those in version 1. The format of version 2 is identical to the format for version 4, given above.

Version 1

Version 1 was defined in TrueType revision 1.66. Version 1 has five fewer fields than version 2, and two additional fields beyond those in version 0. The format of version 1 is as follows:

Type Name
uint16 version
int16 xAvgCharWidth
uint16 usWeightClass
uint16 usWidthClass
uint16 fsType
int16 ySubscriptXSize
int16 ySubscriptYSize
int16 ySubscriptXOffset
int16 ySubscriptYOffset
int16 ySuperscriptXSize
int16 ySuperscriptYSize
int16 ySuperscriptXOffset
int16 ySuperscriptYOffset
int16 yStrikeoutSize
int16 yStrikeoutPosition
int16 sFamilyClass
uint8 panose[10]
uint32 ulUnicodeRange1
uint32 ulUnicodeRange2
uint32 ulUnicodeRange3
uint32 ulUnicodeRange4
Tag achVendID
uint16 fsSelection
uint16 usFirstCharIndex
uint16 usLastCharIndex
int16 sTypoAscender
int16 sTypoDescender
int16 sTypoLineGap
uint16 usWinAscent
uint16 usWinDescent
uint32 ulCodePageRange1
uint32 ulCodePageRange2

Version 0

Version 0 was defined in TrueType revision 1.5. The format of version 0 is as follows:

Type Name
uint16 version
int16 xAvgCharWidth
uint16 usWeightClass
uint16 usWidthClass
uint16 fsType
int16 ySubscriptXSize
int16 ySubscriptYSize
int16 ySubscriptXOffset
int16 ySubscriptYOffset
int16 ySuperscriptXSize
int16 ySuperscriptYSize
int16 ySuperscriptXOffset
int16 ySuperscriptYOffset
int16 yStrikeoutSize
int16 yStrikeoutPosition
int16 sFamilyClass
uint8 panose[10]
uint32 ulUnicodeRange1
uint32 ulUnicodeRange2
uint32 ulUnicodeRange3
uint32 ulUnicodeRange4
Tag achVendID
uint16 fsSelection
uint16 usFirstCharIndex
uint16 usLastCharIndex
int16 sTypoAscender
int16 sTypoDescender
int16 sTypoLineGap
uint16 usWinAscent
uint16 usWinDescent

Note: Documentation for OS/2 version 0 in Apple’s TrueType Reference Manual stops at the usLastCharIndex field and does not include the last five fields of the table as it was defined by Microsoft. Some legacy TrueType fonts may have been built with a shortened version 0 OS/2 table. Applications should check the table length for a version 0 OS/2 table before reading these fields.

OS/2 Field Details

This section provides details covering all versions of the OS/2 table.

version

Format: uint16
Units: n/a
Title: OS/2 table version number.
Description: The version number for the OS/2 table: 0x0000 to 0x0005.
Comments: The version number allows for identification of the precise contents and layout for the OS/2 table.

xAvgCharWidth

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Average weighted escapement.
Description: The Average Character Width parameter specifies the arithmetic average of the escapement (width) of all non-zero width glyphs in the font.
Comments: The value for xAvgCharWidth is calculated by obtaining the arithmetic average of the width of all non-zero width glyphs in the font. Furthermore, it is strongly recommended that implementers do not rely on this value for computing layout for lines of text, especially for cases where complex scripts are used.
Version differences: Versions 0 to 2: When first defined, the specification was biased toward Basic Latin characters, and it was thought that the xAvgCharWidth value could be used to estimate the average length of lines of text. A formula for calculating xAvgCharWidth was provided using frequency-of-use weighting factors for lowercase letters a – z. This method of calculating the value of this field was superseded in OpenType 1.4 with the introduction of version 3 of the OS/2 table.

usWeightClass

Format: uint16
Title: Weight class.
Description: Indicates the visual weight (degree of blackness or thickness of strokes) of the characters in the font. Values from 1 to 1000 are valid.
Comments: usWeightClass values use the same scale as the 'wght' axis that is used in the 'fvar' table of variable fonts and in the STAT table. While integer values from 1 to 1000 are supported, some legacy platforms may have limitations on supported values. The following are commonly-used values:
Value Description C Definition (from windows.h)
100 Thin FW_THIN
200 Extra-light (Ultra-light) FW_EXTRALIGHT
300 Light FW_LIGHT
400 Normal (Regular) FW_NORMAL
500 Medium FW_MEDIUM
600 Semi-bold (Demi-bold) FW_SEMIBOLD
700 Bold FW_BOLD
800 Extra-bold (Ultra-bold) FW_EXTRABOLD
900 Black (Heavy) FW_BLACK

usWidthClass

Format: uint16
Title: Width class.
Description: Indicates a relative change from the normal aspect ratio (width to height ratio) as specified by a font designer for the glyphs in a font.
Comments: Although every glyph in a font may have a different numeric aspect ratio, each glyph in a font of normal width is considered to have a relative aspect ratio of one. When a new type style is created of a different width class (either by a font designer or by some automated means) the relative aspect ratio of the characters in the new font is some percentage greater or less than those same characters in the normal font — it is this difference that this parameter specifies.

The valid usWidthClass values are shown in the following table. Note that the usWidthClass values are related to but distinct from the scale for the 'wdth' axis that is used in the 'fvar' table of variable fonts and in the STAT table. The “% of normal” column in the following table provides a mapping from usWidthClass values 1 – 9 to 'wdth' values.
Value Description C Definition % of normal
1 Ultra-condensed FWIDTH_ULTRA_CONDENSED 50
2 Extra-condensed FWIDTH_EXTRA_CONDENSED 62.5
3 Condensed FWIDTH_CONDENSED 75
4 Semi-condensed FWIDTH_SEMI_CONDENSED 87.5
5 Medium (normal) FWIDTH_NORMAL 100
6 Semi-expanded FWIDTH_SEMI_EXPANDED 112.5
7 Expanded FWIDTH_EXPANDED 125
8 Extra-expanded FWIDTH_EXTRA_EXPANDED 150
9 Ultra-expanded FWIDTH_ULTRA_EXPANDED 200

fsType

Format: uint16
Title: Type flags.
Description: Indicates font embedding licensing rights for the font. The interpretation of flags is as follows:
Bit(s) Mask Description
0 – 3 0x000F Usage permissions. Valid fonts must set at most one of bits 1, 2 or 3; bit 0 is permanently reserved and must be zero. Valid values for this sub-field are 0, 2, 4 or 8. The meaning of these values is as follows:

0: Installable embedding: the font may be embedded, and may be permanently installed for use on a remote systems, or for use by other users. The user of the remote system acquires the identical rights, obligations and licenses for that font as the original purchaser of the font, and is subject to the same end-user license agreement, copyright, design patent, and/or trademark as was the original purchaser.

2: Restricted License embedding: the font must not be modified, embedded or exchanged in any manner without first obtaining explicit permission of the legal owner.

4: Preview & Print embedding: the font may be embedded, and may be temporarily loaded on other systems for purposes of viewing or printing the document. Documents containing Preview & Print fonts must be opened “read-only”; no edits can be applied to the document.

8: Editable embedding: the font may be embedded, and may be temporarily loaded on other systems. As with Preview & Print embedding, documents containing Editable fonts may be opened for reading. In addition, editing is permitted, including ability to format new text using the embedded font, and changes may be saved.
4 – 7 Reserved, must be zero.
8 0x0100 No subsetting: When this bit is set, the font may not be subsetted prior to embedding. Other embedding restrictions specified in bits 0 to 3 and bit 9 also apply.
9 0x0200 Bitmap embedding only: When this bit is set, only bitmaps contained in the font may be embedded. No outline data may be embedded. If there are no bitmaps available in the font, then the font is considered unembeddable and the embedding services will fail. Other embedding restrictions specified in bits 0-3 and 8 also apply.
10 – 15 Reserved, must be zero.

Comments: Embeddable fonts may be stored in a document. When a document with embedded fonts is opened on a system that does not have the font installed (the remote system), the embedded font may be loaded for temporary (and in some cases, permanent) use on that system by an embedding-aware application. Embedding licensing rights are granted by the vendor of the font.

Applications that implement support for font embedding must not embed fonts which are not licensed to permit embedding. Also, when embedding a font into a document, applications must not modify the embedding permissions and restrictions indicated in this field. In addition, applications loading embedded fonts for temporary use (Preview & Print or Editable embedding) must delete the fonts when the document containing the embedded font is closed.

Bits 0 to 3 (the embedding permissions sub-field) are mutually exclusive: fonts should never have more than of these bits set. Note that, if two or more bits are set, some applications could assume the least-restrictive permission indicated. (See version differences for more discussion.) Caution: Font vendors are responsible to set these bits correctly to obtain the desired application behaviors. For Restricted License embedding to take effect, the Embedding permissions sub-field must have the value 2 (that is, only bit 1 is set).

Note: Apple’s TrueType Reference Manual specifies bit 1 of the fsType field, and only bit 1, as having an assigned semantic. This originated from a pre-release draft specification for the OS/2 table. However, the final specification for version 0 of the OS/2 table defined bits 0 to 3. Also, some early font implementations mistakenly used the value 1 (bit 0 set), leading to problems of non-interoperability. For this reason, bit 0 was specified as reserved in the final specification for version 0. Bit 0 is permanently reserved, and its use is deprecated.
Version differences: Versions 0 to 1: only bits 0 to 3 were assigned. Applications must ignore bits 4 to 15 when reading a version 0 or version 1 table.

Versions 0 to 2: The specification for versions 0 to 2 did not specify that bits 0 to 3 must be mutually exclusive. Rather, those specifications stated that, in the event that more than one of bits 0 to 3 are set in a given font, then the least-restrictive permission indicated take precedence. In particular, some fonts using a version 0 to version 2 OS/2 table have both bit 2 and bit 3 set with the intent to indicate both preview/print and edit permissions. Applications are permitted to use this behavior for fonts with a version 0 to version 2 OS/2 table.

Versions 3 and later: The specification for version 3, added in OpenType 1.4, introduced the explicit requirement that bits 0 to 3 must be mutually exclusive.

ySubscriptXSize

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Subscript horizontal font size.
Description: The recommended horizontal size in font design units for subscripts for this font.
Comments: If a font has two recommended sizes for subscripts, e.g., numerics and other, the numeric sizes should be stressed. This size field maps to the em size of the font being used for a subscript. The horizontal font size specifies a font designer’s recommended horizontal size of subscript glyphs associated with this font. If a font does not include all of the required subscript glyphs for an application, and the application can substitute glyphs by scaling the glyphs of a font or by substituting glyphs from another font, this parameter specifies the recommended nominal width for those subscript glyphs.

For example, if the em for a font is 2048 units and ySubScriptXSize is set to 205, then the horizontal size for a simulated subscript glyph would be 1/10th the size of the normal glyph.

ySubscriptYSize

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Subscript vertical font size.
Description: The recommended vertical size in font design units for subscripts for this font.
Comments: If a font has two recommended sizes for subscripts, e.g. numerics and other, the numeric sizes should be stressed. This size field maps to the em size of the font being used for a subscript. The vertical font size specifies a font designer’s recommendation for vertical size of subscript glyphs associated with this font. If a font does not include all of the required subscript glyphs for an application, and the application can substitute glyphs by scaling the glyphs in a font or by substituting glyphs from another font, this parameter specifies the recommended nominal height for those subscript glyphs.

For example, if the em for a font is 2048 units and ySubScriptYSize is set to 205, then the vertical size for a simulated subscript glyph would be 1/10th the size of the normal glyph.

ySubscriptXOffset

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Subscript x offset.
Description: The recommended horizontal offset in font design units for subscripts for this font.
Comments: The Subscript X Offset parameter specifies a font designer’s recommended horizontal offset — from the glyph origin to the glyph origin of the subscript’s glyph — for subscript glyphs associated with this font. If a font does not include all of the required subscript glyphs for an application, and the application can substitute glyphs, this parameter specifies the recommended horizontal position from the glyph escapement point of the last glyph before the first subscript glyph. For upright glyphs, this value is usually zero; however, if the glyphs of a font have an incline (italic or slant), the reference point for subscript glyphs is usually adjusted to compensate for the angle of incline.

ySubscriptYOffset

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Subscript y offset.
Description: The recommended vertical offset in font design units from the baseline for subscripts for this font.
Comments: The Subscript Y Offset parameter specifies a font designer’s recommended vertical offset from the glyph baseline to the glyph baseline for subscript glyphs associated with this font. Values are expressed as a positive offset below the glyph baseline. If a font does not include all of the required subscript glyphs for an application, this parameter specifies the recommended vertical distance below the glyph baseline for those subscript glyphs.

ySuperscriptXSize

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Superscript horizontal font size.
Description: The recommended horizontal size in font design units for superscripts for this font.
Comments: If a font has two recommended sizes for superscripts, e.g., numerics and other, the numeric sizes should be stressed. This size field maps to the em size of the font being used for a superscript. The horizontal font size specifies a font designer’s recommended horizontal size for superscript glyphs associated with this font. If a font does not include all of the required superscript glyphs for an application, and the application can substitute glyphs by scaling the glyphs of a font or by substituting glyphs from another font, this parameter specifies the recommended nominal width for those superscript glyphs.

For example, if the em for a font is 2048 units and ySuperScriptXSize is set to 205, then the horizontal size for a simulated superscript glyph would be 1/10th the size of the normal glyph.

ySuperscriptYSize

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Superscript vertical font size.
Description: The recommended vertical size in font design units for superscripts for this font.
Comments: If a font has two recommended sizes for superscripts, e.g., numerics and other, the numeric sizes should be stressed. This size field maps to the em size of the font being used for a superscript. The vertical font size specifies a font designer’s recommended vertical size for superscript glyphs associated with this font. If a font does not include all of the required superscript glyphs for an application, and the application can substitute glyphs by scaling the glyphs of a font or by substituting glyphs from another font, this parameter specifies the recommended nominal height for those superscript glyphs.

For example, if the em for a font is 2048 units and ySuperScriptYSize is set to 205, then the vertical size for a simulated superscript glyph would be 1/10th the size of the normal glyph.

ySuperscriptXOffset

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Superscript x offset.
Description: The recommended horizontal offset in font design units for superscripts for this font.
Comments: The Superscript X Offset parameter specifies a font designer’s recommended horizontal offset — from the glyph’s origin to the superscript glyph’s origin for the superscript characters associated with this font. If a font does not include all of the required superscript characters for an application, this parameter specifies the recommended horizontal position from the escapement point of the character before the first superscript character. For upright characters, this value is usually zero; however, if the characters of a font have an incline (italic characters) the reference point for superscript characters is usually adjusted to compensate for the angle of incline.

ySuperscriptYOffset

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Superscript y offset.
Description: The recommended vertical offset in font design units from the baseline for superscripts for this font.
Comments: The Superscript Y Offset parameter specifies a font designer’s recommended vertical offset — from the glyph’s baseline to the superscript glyph’s baseline associated with this font. Values for this parameter are expressed as a positive offset above the character baseline. If a font does not include all of the required superscript characters for an application, this parameter specifies the recommended vertical distance above the character baseline for those superscript characters.

yStrikeoutSize

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Strikeout size.
Description: Thickness of the strikeout stroke in font design units.
Comments: This field should normally be the thickness of the em dash for the current font, and should also match the underline thickness, which is specified in the 'post' table.

yStrikeoutPosition

Format: int16
Units: Font design units
Title: Strikeout position.
Description: The position of the top of the strikeout stroke relative to the baseline in font design units.
Comments: Positive values represent distances above the baseline; negative values represent distances below the baseline. Aligning the strikeout position with the em dash is suggested. Note, however, that the strikeout position should not interfere with the recognition of standard characters, and therefore should not line up with crossbars in the font.

sFamilyClass

Format: int16
Title: Font-family class and subclass.
Description: This parameter is a classification of font-family design.
Comments: The font class and font subclass are registered values assigned by IBM to each font family. This parameter is intended for use in selecting an alternate font when the requested font is not available. The font class is the most general and the font subclass is the most specific. The high byte of this field contains the family class, while the low byte contains the family subclass. More information about this field.

panose

Format: uint8[10]
Title: PANOSE classification number
International: Additional specifications are required for PANOSE to classify non-Latin character sets.
Description: This 10-byte series of numbers is used to describe the visual characteristics of a given typeface. These characteristics are then used to associate the font with other fonts of similar appearance having different names. The variables for each digit are listed below. The Panose values are fully described in the PANOSE Classification Metrics Guide, currently owned by Monotype Imaging and maintained at https://monotype.github.io/panose/.
Comments: The PANOSE definition contains ten bytes, each of which can have multiple possible values. Note that the first byte is used for a high-level classification, “Family Kind”, and that the interpretation of the remaining bytes is contingent on the value of the first byte. For example, if the Family Kind value is 2 (Latin Text), then the next byte specifies “Serif Style”; but if the Family Kind value is 3 (Latin Hand Written), then the next byte specifies “Tool Kind”. Some applications might support only certain Family Kind values. The following table gives the interpretation for the panose array when the Family Kind is Latin Text:
Type Name
uint8 bFamilyType;
uint8 bSerifStyle;
uint8 bWeight;
uint8 bProportion;
uint8 bContrast;
uint8 bStrokeVariation;
uint8 bArmStyle;
uint8 bLetterform;
uint8 bMidline;
uint8 bXHeight;

Some applications may use the panose values for font selection, to select a font matching certain parameters. For example, Proportion (for Family Kind = Latin Text) might be used to determine if a font is monospaced; or Serif Style might be use to determine if a font falls into generic serif or sans serif classes. Some applications will use Family Kind = 5 (Latin Symbol) to identify symbol fonts, which might affect font selection or fallback behaviors. There are no requirements for how applications should use the panose values.

In a variable font that uses OpenType Font Variation mechanisms, there is no way to represent different PANOSE values for different instances supported by the font. The PANOSE values can be set based on the default instance.

Version differences: Early versions of this specification provided more details regarding PANOSE values. However, the external specification cited above is the normative source and should be referred to for such details.

ulUnicodeRange1 (Bits 0–31)
ulUnicodeRange2 (Bits 32–63)
ulUnicodeRange3 (Bits 64–95)
ulUnicodeRange4 (Bits 96–127)

Format: uint32[4] — total 128 bits.
Title: Unicode Character Range
Description: This field is used to specify the Unicode blocks or ranges encompassed by the font file in 'cmap' subtables for platform 3, encoding ID 1 (Microsoft platform, Unicode BMP) and platform 3, encoding ID 10 (Microsoft platform, Unicode full repertoire). If a bit is set (1), then the Unicode ranges assigned to that bit are considered functional. If the bit is clear (0), then the range is not considered functional. Each of the bits is treated as an independent flag and the bits can be set in any combination. The determination of “functional” is left up to the font designer, although character set selection should attempt to be functional by ranges if at all possible.

All reserved fields must be zero. Each uint32 is in Big-Endian form.
Bit Unicode Range Block range Notes
0 Basic Latin 0000-007F
1 Latin-1 Supplement 0080-00FF
2 Latin Extended-A 0100-017F
3 Latin Extended-B 0180-024F
4 IPA Extensions 0250-02AF
Phonetic Extensions 1D00-1D7F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Phonetic Extensions Supplement 1D80-1DBF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
5 Spacing Modifier Letters 02B0-02FF
Modifier Tone Letters A700-A71F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
6 Combining Diacritical Marks 0300-036F
Combining Diacritical Marks Supplement 1DC0-1DFF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
7 Greek and Coptic 0370-03FF
8 Coptic 2C80-2CFF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4. See below for other version differences.
9 Cyrillic 0400-04FF
Cyrillic Supplement 0500-052F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Cyrillic Extended-A 2DE0-2DFF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Cyrillic Extended-B A640-A69F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
10 Armenian 0530-058F
11 Hebrew 0590-05FF
12 Vai A500-A63F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4. See below for other version differences.
13 Arabic 0600-06FF
Arabic Supplement 0750-077F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
14 NKo 07C0-07FF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4. See below for other version differences.
15 Devanagari 0900-097F
16 Bengali 0980-09FF
17 Gurmukhi 0A00-0A7F
18 Gujarati 0A80-0AFF
19 Oriya 0B00-0B7F
20 Tamil 0B80-0BFF
21 Telugu 0C00-0C7F
22 Kannada 0C80-0CFF
23 Malayalam 0D00-0D7F
24 Thai 0E00-0E7F
25 Lao 0E80-0EFF
26 Georgian 10A0-10FF
Georgian Supplement 2D00-2D2F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
27 Balinese 1B00-1B7F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4. See below for other version differences.
28 Hangul Jamo 1100-11FF
29 Latin Extended Additional 1E00-1EFF
Latin Extended-C 2C60-2C7F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Latin Extended-D A720-A7FF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
30 Greek Extended 1F00-1FFF
31 General Punctuation 2000-206F
Supplemental Punctuation 2E00-2E7F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
32 Superscripts And Subscripts 2070-209F
33 Currency Symbols 20A0-20CF
34 Combining Diacritical Marks For Symbols 20D0-20FF
35 Letterlike Symbols 2100-214F
36 Number Forms 2150-218F
37 Arrows 2190-21FF
Supplemental Arrows-A 27F0-27FF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Supplemental Arrows-B 2900-297F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Miscellaneous Symbols and Arrows 2B00-2BFF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
38 Mathematical Operators 2200-22FF
Supplemental Mathematical Operators 2A00-2AFF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-A 27C0-27EF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B 2980-29FF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
39 Miscellaneous Technical 2300-23FF
40 Control Pictures 2400-243F
41 Optical Character Recognition 2440-245F
42 Enclosed Alphanumerics 2460-24FF
43 Box Drawing 2500-257F
44 Block Elements 2580-259F
45 Geometric Shapes 25A0-25FF
46 Miscellaneous Symbols 2600-26FF
47 Dingbats 2700-27BF
48 CJK Symbols And Punctuation 3000-303F
49 Hiragana 3040-309F
50 Katakana 30A0-30FF
Katakana Phonetic Extensions 31F0-31FF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
51 Bopomofo 3100-312F
Bopomofo Extended 31A0-31BF Added in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
52 Hangul Compatibility Jamo 3130-318F
53 Phags-pa A840-A87F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4. See below for other version differences.
54 Enclosed CJK Letters And Months 3200-32FF
55 CJK Compatibility 3300-33FF
56 Hangul Syllables AC00-D7AF
57 Non-Plane 0 10000-10FFFF Implies at least one character beyond the Basic Multilingual Plane. First assigned in OpenType 1.3 for OS/2 version 2.
58 Phoenician 10900-1091F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
59 CJK Unified Ideographs 4E00-9FFF
CJK Radicals Supplement 2E80-2EFF Added in OpenType 1.3 for OS/2 version 2.
Kangxi Radicals 2F00-2FDF Added in OpenType 1.3 for OS/2 version 2.
Ideographic Description Characters 2FF0-2FFF Added in OpenType 1.3 for OS/2 version 2.
CJK Unified Ideographs Extension A 3400-4DBF Added in OpenType 1.3 for OS/2 version 2.
CJK Unified Ideographs Extension B 20000-2A6DF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Kanbun 3190-319F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
60 Private Use Area (plane 0) E000-F8FF
61 CJK Strokes 31C0-31EF Range added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
CJK Compatibility Ideographs F900-FAFF
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 2F800-2FA1F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
62 Alphabetic Presentation Forms FB00-FB4F
63 Arabic Presentation Forms-A FB50-FDFF
64 Combining Half Marks FE20-FE2F
65 Vertical Forms FE10-FE1F Range added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
CJK Compatibility Forms FE30-FE4F
66 Small Form Variants FE50-FE6F
67 Arabic Presentation Forms-B FE70-FEFF
68 Halfwidth And Fullwidth Forms FF00-FFEF
69 Specials FFF0-FFFF
70 Tibetan 0F00-0FFF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
71 Syriac 0700-074F First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
72 Thaana 0780-07BF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
73 Sinhala 0D80-0DFF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
74 Myanmar 1000-109F First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
75 Ethiopic 1200-137F First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
Ethiopic Supplement 1380-139F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Ethiopic Extended 2D80-2DDF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
76 Cherokee 13A0-13FF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
77 Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics 1400-167F First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
78 Ogham 1680-169F First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
79 Runic 16A0-16FF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
80 Khmer 1780-17FF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
Khmer Symbols 19E0-19FF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
81 Mongolian 1800-18AF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
82 Braille Patterns 2800-28FF First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
83 Yi Syllables A000-A48F First assigned in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
Yi Radicals A490-A4CF Added in OpenType 1.3, extending OS/2 version 2.
84 Tagalog 1700-171F First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Hanunoo 1720-173F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Buhid 1740-175F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Tagbanwa 1760-177F Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
85 Old Italic 10300-1032F First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
86 Gothic 10330-1034F First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
87 Deseret 10400-1044F First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
88 Byzantine Musical Symbols 1D000-1D0FF First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Musical Symbols 1D100-1D1FF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Ancient Greek Musical Notation 1D200-1D24F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
89 Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols 1D400-1D7FF First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
90 Private Use (plane 15) F0000-FFFFD First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Private Use (plane 16) 100000-10FFFD Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
91 Variation Selectors FE00-FE0F First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
Variation Selectors Supplement E0100-E01EF Added in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
92 Tags E0000-E007F First assigned in OpenType 1.4 for OS/2 version 3.
93 Limbu 1900-194F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
94 Tai Le 1950-197F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
95 New Tai Lue 1980-19DF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
96 Buginese 1A00-1A1F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
97 Glagolitic 2C00-2C5F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
98 Tifinagh 2D30-2D7F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
99 Yijing Hexagram Symbols 4DC0-4DFF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
100 Syloti Nagri A800-A82F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
101 Linear B Syllabary 10000-1007F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Linear B Ideograms 10080-100FF Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Aegean Numbers 10100-1013F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
102 Ancient Greek Numbers 10140-1018F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
103 Ugaritic 10380-1039F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
104 Old Persian 103A0-103DF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
105 Shavian 10450-1047F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
106 Osmanya 10480-104AF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
107 Cypriot Syllabary 10800-1083F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
108 Kharoshthi 10A00-10A5F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
109 Tai Xuan Jing Symbols 1D300-1D35F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
110 Cuneiform 12000-123FF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Cuneiform Numbers and Punctuation 12400-1247F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
111 Counting Rod Numerals 1D360-1D37F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
112 Sundanese 1B80-1BBF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
113 Lepcha 1C00-1C4F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
114 Ol Chiki 1C50-1C7F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
115 Saurashtra A880-A8DF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
116 Kayah Li A900-A92F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
117 Rejang A930-A95F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
118 Cham AA00-AA5F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
119 Ancient Symbols 10190-101CF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
120 Phaistos Disc 101D0-101FF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
121 Carian 102A0-102DF First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Lycian 10280-1029F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Lydian 10920-1093F Added in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
122 Domino Tiles 1F030-1F09F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
Mahjong Tiles 1F000-1F02F First assigned in OpenType 1.5 for OS/2 version 4.
123-127 Reserved for process-internal usage

Comments: All available bits were exhausted as of Unicode 5.1. The bit assignments were last updated for OS/2 version 4 in OpenType 1.5. There are many additional ranges supported in the current version of Unicode that are not supported by these fields in the OS/2 table. See the 'dlng' and 'slng' tags in the 'meta' table for an alternate mechanism to declare what scripts or languages that a font can support or is designed for.
Version differences: Different versions of the OS/2 table were created when different Unicode versions were current, and the initial specification for a given version defined fewer bit assignments than for later versions. Some applications may not support all assignments for fonts that have earlier OS/2 versions.

All of the bit assignments listed above are valid for any version of the OS/2 table, though OS/2 versions 1 and 2 were specified with some assignments that did not correspond to well-defined Unicode ranges and that conflict with later assignments — see the details below. If a font has a version 1 or version 2 OS/2 table with one of these bits set, the obsolete assignment may be the intended interpretation. Because these assignments do not correspond to well-defined ranges, however, the implied character coverage is unclear.

Version 0: When version 0 was first specified, no bit assignments were defined. Some applications may ignore these fields in a version 0 OS/2 table.

Version 1:
Version 1 was first specified concurrent with Unicode 1.1, and bit assigments were defined for bits 0 to 69 only. With fonts that have a version 1 table, some applications might recognize only bits 0 to 69.

Also, version 1 was specified with some bit assignments that did not correspond to a well-defined Unicode range:
  • Bit 8: “Greek Symbols and Coptic” (bit 7 was specified as “Basic Greek”)
  • Bit 12: “Hebrew Extended” (bit 11 was specified as “Basic Hebrew”)
  • Bit 14: “Arabic Extended” (bit 13 was specified as “Basic Arabic”)
  • Bit 27: “Georgian Extended” (bit 26 was specified as “Basic Georgian”)
These assignments were discontinued as of version 2.

In addition, versions 1 and 2 were defined with bit 53 specified as “CJK Miscellaneous”, which also does not correspond to any well-defined Unicode range. This assignment was discontinued as of version 3.

Version 2:
Version 2 was defined in OpenType 1.1, which was concurrent with Unicode 2.1. At that time, bit assignments were defined for bits 0 to 69 only. Bit assignments for version 2 were updated in OpenType 1.3, adding assignments for bits 70 to 83 corresponding to new blocks assigned in Unicode 2.0 and Unicode 3.0. With fonts that have a version 2 table, some applications might recognize only those bits assigned in OpenType 1.2 or OpenType 1.3.

Also, the specification for version 2 continued to use a problematic assignment for bit 53 — see details for version 1. This assignment was discontinued as of version 3.

Version 3: Version 3 was defined in OpenType 1.4 with assignments for bits 84 to 91 corresponding to additional ranges in Unicode 3.2. In addition, some already-assigned bits were extended to cover additional Unicode ranges for related characters; see details in the table above.

Version 4: Version 4 was defined in OpenType 1.5 with assignments for bit 58 and bits 92 to 122 corresponding to additional ranges in Unicode 5.1. Also, bits 8, 12, 14, 27 and 53 were re-assigned (see version 1 for previous assignments). In addition, some already-assigned bits were extended to cover additional Unicode ranges for related characters; see details in the table above.

achVendID

Format: Tag
Title: Font Vendor Identification
Description: The four-character identifier for the vendor of the given type face.
Comments: This is not the royalty owner of the original artwork. This is the company responsible for the marketing and distribution of the typeface that is being classified. For example, there may be multiple vendors of ITC Zapf Dingbats, with some vendors providing differentiating benefits in their fonts (more kern pairs, unregularized data, hand hinted, etc.). This identifier will allow for the correct vendor’s type to be used over another, possibly inferior, font file.

Microsoft maintains a registry of vendor IDs. Registered IDs must be unique to a single vendor. Non-registered IDs can also be used, but are discouraged: vendors are strongly encouraged to register an ID to ensure that there are no conflicts between different vendors in use of a given ID, and that customers are able to find vendor contact information for a given font. This field can also be left blank (set to null, or a tag comprised of four space characters).

All vendor IDs use the Tag data type, which is equivalent to a four-character string composed of a limited set of ASCII characters. For details regarding the Tag data type, see Data Types. By convention, only registered tags should be comprised of only uppercase letters (or space).

For a list of registered Vendor IDs, or for details on registering a vendor ID or updating vendor information, see Registered typography vendors.

fsSelection

Format: uint16
Title: Font selection flags.
Description: Contains information concerning the nature of the font patterns, as follows:
Bit # macStyle bit C definition Description
0 bit 1 ITALIC Font contains italic or oblique glyphs, otherwise they are upright.
1 UNDERSCORE glyphs are underscored.
2 NEGATIVE glyphs have their foreground and background reversed.
3 OUTLINED Outline (hollow) glyphs, otherwise they are solid.
4 STRIKEOUT glyphs are overstruck.
5 bit 0 BOLD glyphs are emboldened.
6 REGULAR glyphs are in the standard weight/style for the font.
7 USE_TYPO_METRICS If set, it is strongly recommended that applications use OS/2.sTypoAscender - OS/2.sTypoDescender + OS/2.sTypoLineGap as the default line spacing for this font.
8 WWS The font has 'name' table strings consistent with a weight/width/slope family without requiring use of name IDs 21 and 22. (Please see more detailed description below.)
9 OBLIQUE Font contains oblique glyphs.
10–15 <reserved> Reserved; set to 0.

Comments: All undefined bits must be zero.

Bit 0: The setting of bits 0 must match the setting of bit 1 in the macStyle field of the 'head' table.

Bits 1 – 4: Bits 1 – 4 are rarely used bits that indicate the font is primarily a decorative or special purpose font.

Bit 5: The setting of bit 5 must match the settings of bit 0 in the macStyle field of the 'head' table.

Bit 6: If bit 6 is set, then bits 0 and 5 must be clear, else the behavior is undefined. Note that, if both bit 0 and bit 5 are clear, that does not give any indication as to whether or not bit 6 will be clear. For example, Arial Light is not the regular style of Arial and would have all bits cleared.

Bit 7:
Bit 7 was defined in version 4. For new fonts, vendors are encouraged to use a version 4 or later OS/2 table and to have bit 7 set.

If a font was created with an earlier version of the OS/2 table and is updated to the current version of the OS/2 table, then setting bit 7 could create potential for reflow of existing documents which use the fonts. To minimize such risk, the bit would be set only if using the OS/2.usWin* metrics for line height would yield significantly inferior results than using the OS/2.sTypo* values.

Bit 8:
If bit 8 is set, then 'name' table strings for family and subfamily are provided that are consistent with a weight/width/slope family model without requiring the use of name IDs 21 or 22.

Many typographic families contains faces that differ only in one or more of the attributes weight, width and slope. Even though a family might have a large number of member faces, if the variations are in these attributes only, then family and subfamily names provided in the 'name' table using IDs 1 and 2 or 16 and 17 will be consistent with a weight/width/slope family model. In this case, bit 8 should be set, and 'name' entries for name IDs 21 and 22 should not be included.

Some typographic families include faces that differ in attributes other than weight, width or slope. For example, a family might include variations for “handwriting”, “caption”, “display”, “optical size”, etc. In this case, some of the member faces may differ from the Regular face only in weight, width or slope attributes, while other members will differ in relation to other attributes. Fonts for those member faces that differ from Regular only in weight, width or slope should have bit 8 set, and should not use name ID 21 or 22. But the fonts for those member faces that differ from Regular in terms of other attributes should not have bit 8 set, and they should use name IDs 21 and 22 to map these faces into a WWS-conformant family model.

Thus, if a font has a version 4 or later OS/2 table, bit 8 should be set if and only if 'name' entries for IDs 16 and 17 are consistent with the WWS model and entries for IDs 21 and 22 are not included. Conversely, if bit 8 is not set, that will be interpreted to mean that the names provided by IDs 16 and 17 are not consistent with the WWS model and that 'name' entries for IDs 21 and 22 are included.

In this context, “typographic family” is the Microsoft Unicode string for name ID 16, if present, else the Microsoft Unicode string for name ID 1; “weight” is OS/2.usWeightClass; “width” is OS/2.usWidthClass; “slope” is OS/2.fsSelection bit 0 (ITALIC) and bit 9 (OBLIQUE).

Bit 9:
If bit 9 is set, then this font is to be considered an “oblique” style by processes which make a distinction between oblique and italic styles, such as Cascading Style Sheets font matching. For example, a font created by algorithmically slanting an upright face will set this bit.

If a font has a version 4 or later OS/2 table and this bit is not set, then this font is not to be considered an “oblique” style. For example, a font that has a classic italic design will not set this bit.

This bit, unlike the ITALIC bit (bit 0), is not related to style-linking in applications that assume a four-member font-family model comprised of regular, italic, bold and bold italic. It may be set or unset independently of the ITALIC bit. In most cases, if OBLIQUE is set, then ITALIC will also be set, though this is not required.

Bit 15: Bit 15 is permanently reserved. It has been used in some legacy implementations and may result in special behavior in some implementations. Use of this bit is deprecated.
Version differences: Versions 0 to 3: Only bit 0 (italic) to bit 6 (regular) are assigned. Bits 7 to 15 are reserved and must be set to 0. Applications should ignore bits 7 to 15 in a font that has a version 0 to version 3 OS/2 table.

Version 4 to 5: Bits 7 to 9 were defined in version 4 (OpenType 1.5). Bits 10 to 15 are reserved and must be set to 0. Applications should ignore bits 10 to 15 in a font that has a version 4 or version 5 OS/2 table.

usFirstCharIndex

Format: uint16
Description: The minimum Unicode index (character code) in this font, according to the 'cmap' subtable for platform ID 3 and platform- specific encoding ID 0 or 1. For most fonts supporting Win-ANSI or other character sets, this value would be 0x0020. This field cannot represent supplementary character values (codepoints greater than 0xFFFF). Fonts that support supplementary characters should set the value in this field to 0xFFFF if the minimum index value is a supplementary character.

usLastCharIndex

Format: uint16
Description: The maximum Unicode index (character code) in this font, according to the 'cmap' subtable for platform ID 3 and encoding ID 0 or 1. This value depends on which character sets the font supports. This field cannot represent supplementary character values (codepoints greater than 0xFFFF). Fonts that support supplementary characters should set the value in this field to 0xFFFF.

sTypoAscender

Format: int16
Description: The typographic ascender for this font. This field should be combined with the sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap values to determine default line spacing.

This field is similar to the ascender field in the 'hhea' table as well as to the usWinAscent field in this table. However, legacy platform implementations used those fields with platform-specific behaviors. As a result, those fields are constrained by backward-compatibility requirements, and they do not ensure consistent layout across implementations. The sTypoAscender, sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap fields are intended to allow applications to lay out documents in a typographically-correct and portable fashion.

The USE_TYPO_METRICS flag (bit 7) of the fsSelection field is used to choose between using sTypo* values or usWin* values for default line metrics. See fsSelection for additional details.

It is not a general requirement that sTypoAscender - sTypoDescender be equal to unitsPerEm. These values should be set to provide default line spacing appropriate for the primary languages the font is designed to support.

For CJK (Chinese, Japanese, and Korean) fonts that are intended to be used for vertical (as well as horizontal) layout, the required value for sTypoAscender is that which describes the top of the ideographic em-box. For example, if the ideographic em-box of the font extends from coordinates 0,-120 to 1000,880 (that is, a 1000 × 1000 box set 120 design units below the Latin baseline), then the value of sTypoAscender must be set to 880. Failing to adhere to these requirements will result in incorrect vertical layout.

Also see the Recommendations Section for more on this field.

sTypoDescender

Format: int16
Description: The typographic descender for this font. This field should be combined with the sTypoAscender and sTypoLineGap values to determine default line spacing.

This field is similar to the descender field in the 'hhea' table as well as to the usWinDescent field in this table. However, legacy platform implementations used those fields with platform-specific behaviors. As a result, those fields are constrained by backward-compatibility requirements, and they do not ensure consistent layout across implementations. The sTypoAscender, sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap fields are intended to allow applications to lay out documents in a typographically-correct and portable fashion.

The USE_TYPO_METRICS flag (bit 7) of the fsSelection field is used to choose between using sTypo* values or usWin* values for default line metrics. See fsSelection for additional details.

It is not a general requirement that sTypoAscender - sTypoDescender be equal to unitsPerEm. These values should be set to provide default line spacing appropriate for the primary languages the font is designed to support.

For CJK (Chinese, Japanese, and Korean) fonts that are intended to be used for vertical (as well as horizontal) layout, the required value for sTypoDescender is that which describes the bottom of the ideographic em-box. For example, if the ideographic em-box of the font extends from coordinates 0,-120 to 1000,880 (that is, a 1000 × 1000 box set 120 design units below the Latin baseline), then the value of sTypoDescender must be set to -120. Failing to adhere to these requirements will result in incorrect vertical layout.

Also see the Recommendations Section for more on this field.

sTypoLineGap

Format: int16
Description: The typographic line gap for this font. This field should be combined with the sTypoAscender and sTypoDescender values to determine default line spacing.

This field is similar to the lineGap field in the 'hhea' table. However, legacy platform implementations treat that field with platform-specific behaviors. As a result, that field is constrained by backward-compatibility requirements, and does not ensure consistent layout across implementations. The sTypoAscender, sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap fields are intended to allow applications to lay out documents in a typographically-correct and portable fashion.

The USE_TYPO_METRICS flag (bit 7) of the fsSelection field is used to choose between using sTypo* values or usWin* values for default line metrics. See fsSelection for additional details.

usWinAscent

Format: uint16
Description: The “Windows ascender” metric. This should be used to specify the height above the baseline for a clipping region.

This is similar to the sTypoAscender field, and also to the ascender field in the 'hhea' table. There are important differences between these, however.

In the Windows GDI implementation, the usWinAscent and usWinDescent values have been used to determine the size of the bitmap surface in the TrueType rasterizer. Windows GDI will clip any portion of a TrueType glyph outline that appears above the usWinAscent value. If any clipping is unacceptable, then the value should be set greater than or equal to yMax.

Note: This pertains to the default position of glyphs, not their final position in layout after data from the GPOS or 'kern' table has been applied. Also, this clipping behavior also interacts with the VDMX table: if a VDMX table is present and there is data for the current device aspect ratio and rasterization size, then the VDMX data will supersede the usWinAscent and usWinDescent values.

Some legacy applications use the usWinAscent and usWinDescent values to determine default line spacing. This is strongly discouraged. The sTypo* fields should be used for this purpose.

Note that some applications use either the usWin* values or the sTypo* values to determine default line spacing, depending on whether the USE_TYPO_METRICS flag (bit 7) of the fsSelection field is set. This may be useful to provide compatibility with legacy documents using older fonts, while also providing better and more-portable layout using newer fonts. See fsSelection for additional details.

Applications that use the sTypo* fields for default line spacing can use the usWin* values to determine the size of a clipping region. Some applications use a clipping region for editing scenarios to determine what portion of the display surface to re-draw when text is edited, or how large a selection rectangle to draw when text is selected. This is an appropriate use for the usWin* values.

Early versions of this specification suggested that the usWinAscent value be computed as the yMax for all characters in the Windows “ANSI” character set. For new fonts, the value should be determined based on the primary languages the font is designed to support, and should take into consideration additional height that may be required to accommodate tall glyphs or mark positioning.

usWinDescent

Format: uint16
Description: The “Windows descender” metric. This should be used to specify the vertical extent below the baseline for a clipping region.

This is similar to the sTypoDescender field, and also to the descender field in the 'hhea' table. There are important differences between these, however. Some of these differences are described below. In addition, the usWinDescent value treats distances below the baseline as positive values; thus, usWinDescent is usually a positive value, while sTypoDescender and hhea.descender are usually negative.

In the Windows GDI implementation, the usWinDescent and usWinAscent values have been used to determine the size of the bitmap surface in the TrueType rasterizer. Windows GDI will clip any portion of a TrueType glyph outline that appears below (-1 × usWinDescent). If any clipping is unacceptable, then the value should be set greater than or equal to (-yMin).

Note: This pertains to the default position of glyphs, not their final position in layout after data from the GPOS or 'kern' table has been applied. Also, this clipping behavior also interacts with the VDMX table: if a VDMX table is present and there is data for the current device aspect ratio and rasterization size, then the VDMX data will supersede the usWinAscent and usWinDescent values.

Some legacy applications use the usWinAscent and usWinDescent values to determine default line spacing. This is strongly discouraged. The sTypo* fields should be used for this purpose.

Note that some applications use either the usWin* values or the sTypo* values to determine default line spacing, depending on whether the USE_TYPO_METRICS flag (bit 7) of the fsSelection field is set. This may be useful to provide compatibility with legacy documents using older fonts, while also providing better and more-portable layout using newer fonts. See fsSelection for additional details.

Applications that use the sTypo* fields for default line spacing can use the usWin* values to determine the size of a clipping region. Some applications use a clipping region for editing scenarios to determine what portion of the display surface to re-draw when text is edited, or how large a selection rectangle to draw when text is selected. This is an appropriate use for the usWin* values.

Early versions of this specification suggested that the usWinDescent value be computed as -yMin for all characters in the Windows “ANSI” character set. For new fonts, the value should be determined based on the primary languages the font is designed to support, and should take into consideration additional vertical extent that may be required to accommodate glyphs with low descenders or mark positioning.

ulCodePageRange1 Bits 0–31
ulCodePageRange2 Bits 32–63

Format: uint32[2] — total 64 bits.
Title: Code Page Character Range
Description: This field is used to specify the code pages encompassed by the font file in the 'cmap' subtable for platform 3, encoding ID 1 (Microsoft platform, Unicode BMP). If the font file is encoding ID 0, then the Symbol Character Set bit should be set.

If a given bit is set (1), then the code page is considered functional. If the bit is clear (0) then the code page is not considered functional. Each of the bits is treated as an independent flag and the bits can be set in any combination. The determination of “functional” is left up to the font designer, although character set selection should attempt to be functional by code pages if at all possible.

Symbol character sets have a special meaning. If the symbol bit (31) is set, and the font file contains a 'cmap' subtable for platform of 3 and encoding ID of 1, then all of the characters in the Unicode range 0xF000 - 0xF0FF (inclusive) will be used to enumerate the symbol character set. If the bit is not set, any characters present in that range will not be enumerated as a symbol character set.

All reserved fields must be zero. Each uint32 is in Big-Endian form.
Bit Code Page Description
0 1252 Latin 1
1 1250 Latin 2: Eastern Europe
2 1251 Cyrillic
3 1253 Greek
4 1254 Turkish
5 1255 Hebrew
6 1256 Arabic
7 1257 Windows Baltic
8 1258 Vietnamese
9–15 Reserved for Alternate ANSI
16 874 Thai
17 932 JIS/Japan
18 936 Chinese: Simplified chars—PRC and Singapore
19 949 Korean Wansung
20 950 Chinese: Traditional chars—Taiwan and Hong Kong
21 1361 Korean Johab
22-28 Reserved for Alternate ANSI or OEM
29 Macintosh Character Set (US Roman)
30 OEM Character Set
31 Symbol Character Set
32–47 Reserved for OEM
48 869 IBM Greek
49 866 MS-DOS Russian
50 865 MS-DOS Nordic
51 864 Arabic
52 863 MS-DOS Canadian French
53 862 Hebrew
54 861 MS-DOS Icelandic
55 860 MS-DOS Portuguese
56 857 IBM Turkish
57 855 IBM Cyrillic; primarily Russian
58 852 Latin 2
59 775 MS-DOS Baltic
60 737 Greek; former 437 G
61 708 Arabic; ASMO 708
62 850 WE/Latin 1
63 437 US

Version differences: Version 0: These fields were not defined in version 0. If the size of a version 0 OS/2 table extends beyond the usWinDescent field, additional data beyond the usWinDescent field should be ignored.

Version 1: Bit 8 was not assigned in version 1. All other currently-assigned bits were defined in version 1.

Version 2 and later: All currently-assigned bits were defined in version 2.

sxHeight

Format: int16
Description: This metric specifies the distance between the baseline and the approximate height of non-ascending lowercase letters measured in FUnits. This value would normally be specified by a type designer but in situations where that is not possible, for example when a legacy font is being converted, the value may be set equal to the top of the unscaled and unhinted glyph bounding box of the glyph encoded at U+0078 (LATIN SMALL LETTER X). If no glyph is encoded in this position the field should be set to 0.

This metric, if specified, can be used in font substitution: the xHeight value of one font can be scaled to approximate the apparent size of another.
Version differences: Version 0, version 1: This field was not defined in version 0 or version 1. If the size of a version 0 OS/2 table extends beyond the usWinDescent field, or if the size of a version 1 OS/2 table extends beyond the code page range fields, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 2 and later: This field was defined in version 2 of the OS/2 table.

sCapHeight

Format: int16
Description: This metric specifies the distance between the baseline and the approximate height of uppercase letters measured in FUnits. This value would normally be specified by a type designer but in situations where that is not possible, for example when a legacy font is being converted, the value may be set equal to the top of the unscaled and unhinted glyph bounding box of the glyph encoded at U+0048 (LATIN CAPITAL LETTER H). If no glyph is encoded in this position the field should be set to 0.

This metric, if specified, can be used in systems that specify type size by capital height measured in millimeters. It can also be used as an alignment metric; the top of a drop capital, for instance, can be aligned to the sCapHeight metric of the first line of text.
Version differences: Version 0, version 1: This field was not defined in version 0 or version 1. If the size of a version 0 OS/2 table extends beyond the usWinDescent field, or if the size of a version 1 OS/2 table extends beyond the code page range fields, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 2 and later: This field was defined in version 2 of the OS/2 table.

usDefaultChar

Format: uint16
Description: This is the Unicode code point, in UTF-16 encoding, of a character that can be used for a default glyph if a requested character is not supported in the font. If the value of this field is zero, glyph ID 0 is to be used for the default character. This field cannot represent supplementary-plane character values (code points greater than 0xFFFF), and so applications are strongly discouraged from using this field.
Version differences: Version 0, version 1: This field was not defined in version 0 or version 1. If the size of a version 0 OS/2 table extends beyond the usWinDescent field, or if the size of a version 1 OS/2 table extends beyond the code page range fields, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 2 and later: This field was defined in version 2 of the OS/2 table.

usBreakChar

Format: uint16
Description: This is the Unicode code point, in UTF-16 encoding, of a character that can be used as a default break character. The break character is used to separate words and justify text. Most fonts specify U+0020 SPACE as the break character. This field cannot represent supplementary-plane character values (code points greater than 0xFFFF) , and so applications are strongly discouraged from using this field.
Version differences: Version 0, version 1: This field was not defined in version 0 or version 1. If the size of a version 0 OS/2 table extends beyond the usWinDescent field, or if the size of a version 1 OS/2 table extends beyond the code page range fields, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 2 and later: This field was defined in version 2 of the OS/2 table.

usMaxContext

Format: uint16
Description: The maximum length of a target glyph context for any feature in this font. For example, a font which has only a pair kerning feature should set this field to 2. If the font also has a ligature feature in which the glyph sequence 'f f i' is substituted by the ligature 'ffi', then this field should be set to 3. This field could be useful to sophisticated line-breaking engines in determining how far they should look ahead to test whether something could change that effects the line breaking. For chaining contextual lookups, the length of the string (covered glyph) + (input sequence) + (lookahead sequence) should be considered.
Version differences: Version 0, version 1: This field was not defined in version 0 or version 1. If the size of a version 0 OS/2 table extends beyond the usWinDescent field, or if the size of a version 1 OS/2 table extends beyond the code page range fields, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 2 and later: This field was defined in version 2 of the OS/2 table.

usLowerOpticalPointSize

Format: uint16
Units: TWIPs
Description: This field is used for fonts with multiple optical styles.

This value is the lower value of the size range for which this font has been designed. The units for this field are TWIPs (one-twentieth of a point, or 1440 per inch). The value is inclusive — meaning that that font was designed to work best at this point size through, but not including, the point size indicated by usUpperOpticalPointSize. When used with other optical-size-variant fonts within a typographic family that also specify usLowerOpticalPointSize and usUpperOpticalPointSize values, it would be expected that another font has the usUpperOpticalPointSize field set to the same value as the value in this field, unless this font is designed for the lowest size range among the fonts in the family. The smallest font in an optical-size set should set this value to 0. When working across multiple optical-size-variant fonts within a typographic family, there should be no intentional gaps or overlaps in the ranges.

The usLowerOpticalPointSize value must be less than usUpperOpticalPointSize. The maximum valid value is 0xFFFE.

For fonts that were not designed for multiple optical-size variants, this field should be set to 0 (zero), and usUpperOpticalPointSize should be set to 0xFFFF.

Note: Use of this field has been superseded by the STAT table. See Recommendations Section for more information.
Version differences: Versions 0 – 4: This field was not defined in versions 0 – 4. If the size of an OS/2 table extends beyond the last field defined for the given version, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 5: This field was defined in version 5 of the OS/2 table.

usUpperOpticalPointSize

Format: uint16
Units: TWIPs
Description: This field is used for fonts with multiple optical styles.

This value is the upper value of the size range for which this font has been designed. The units for this field are TWIPs (one-twentieth of a point, or 1440 per inch). The value is exclusive — meaning that that font was designed to work best below this point size down to the usLowerOpticalPointSize threshold. When used with other optical-size-variant fonts within a typographic family that also specify usLowerOpticalPointSize and usUpperOpticalPointSize values, it would be expected that another font has the usLowerOpticalPointSize field set to the same value as the value in this field, unless this font is designed for the highest size range among the fonts in the family. The largest font in an optical-size set should set this value to 0xFFFF, which is interpreted as infinity. When working across multiple optical-size-variant fonts within a typographic family, there should be no intentional gaps or overlaps left in the ranges.

The usUpperOpticalPointSize value must be greater than usLowerOpticalPointSize. The minimum valid value for this field is 2 (two). The largest possible inclusive point size represented by this field is 3276.65 points; any higher values would be represented as infinity.

For fonts that were not designed for multiple optical-size variants, this field should be set to 0xFFFF, and usLowerOpticalPointSize should be set to 0 (zero).

Note: Use of this field has been superseded by the STAT table. See Recommendations Section for more information.
Version differences: Versions 0 – 4: This field was not defined in versions 0 – 4. If the size of an OS/2 table extends beyond the last field defined for the given version, this additional data should be ignored.

Version 5: This field was defined in version 5 of the OS/2 table.

OS/2 Table and OpenType Font Variations

In variable fonts, default line metrics should always be set using the sTypoAscender, sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap values, and the USE_TYPO_METRICS flag in the fsSelection field should be set. The ascender, descender and lineGap fields in the 'hhea' table should be set to the same values as sTypoAscender, sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap. The usWinAscent and usWinDescent fields should be used to specify a recommended clipping rectangle.

In a variable font, various font-metric values within the OS/2 table may need to be adjusted for different variation instances. Variation data for OS/2 entries can be provided in the metrics variations (MVAR) table. Different OS/2 entries are associated with particular variation data in the MVAR table using value tags, as follows:

OS/2 entry Tag
sCapHeight 'cpht'
sTypoAscender 'hasc'
sTypoDescender 'hdsc'
sTypoLineGap 'hlgp'
sxHeight 'xhgt'
usWinAscent 'hcla'
usWinDescent 'hcld'
yStrikeoutPosition 'stro'
yStrikeoutSize 'strs'
ySubscriptXOffset 'sbxo'
ySubScriptXSize 'sbxs'
ySubscriptYOffset 'sbyo'
ySubscriptYSize 'sbys'
ySuperscriptXOffset 'spxo'
ySuperscriptXSize 'spxs'
ySuperscriptYOffset 'spyo'
ySuperscriptYSize 'spys'

Note: The usWeightClass and usWidthClass values are not adjusted by variation data since these correspond to 'wght' and 'wdth' variation axes that can be used to define a font’s variation space. Appropriate usWeightClass and usWidthClass values for a variation instance can be derived from 'wght' and 'wdth' user coordinates that are used to select a particular variation instance. For 'wdth' values greater than 200, the usWidthClass value is clamped to 9. See the discussion of the 'wght' and 'wdth' axes in the OpenType Design-Variation Axis Tag Registry for details on the relationship between these OS/2 fields and the corresponding design axes.

Note: The usLowerOpticalPointSize and usUpperOpticalPointSize values are not adjusted by variation data. These values (now superseded by the STAT table) are used to indicate a range of sizes for which a given font has been designed. It is assumed that variation that targets different sizes will be implemented using the 'opsz' variation axis. If a variable font supports 'opsz' as an axis of variation, then the usLowerOpticalPointSize and usUpperOpticalPointSize fields can be set to the same values as the minValue and maxValue fields for the 'opsz' axis in the 'fvar' table.

To have variable line metrics in a variable font, the 'hasc', 'hdsc' and 'hlgp' value tags should be used in the MVAR table to vary the ascender, descender and line gap values from defaults specified in the sTypoAscender, sTypoDescender and sTypoLineGap fields. The 'hcla' and 'hcld' value tags can be used in addition to vary the size of a clipping region from the default specified in the winAscent and winDescent fields. Other metrics can be varied using value tags listed above.

For general information on OpenType Font Variations, see the chapter, OpenType Font Variations Overview.