Matrix3DProjection Matrix3DProjection Matrix3DProjection Class

Applies a Matrix3D projection to an object.

Syntax

Declaration

public sealed class Matrix3DProjectionpublic sealed class Matrix3DProjectionPublic NotInheritable Class Matrix3DProjection
<Matrix3DProjection .../>
-or-
<!--xmlns:m3d="using:Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.Media3D"-->
<Matrix3DProjection>
  <m3d:Matrix3D>matrix3DInitializationString</m3d:Matrix3D>
</Matrix3DProjection>

Inheritance Hierarchy

Remarks

You can use the Matrix3DProjection and Matrix3D types for more complex semi–3-D scenarios than are possible with the PlaneProjection type. Matrix3DProjection provides a complete 3-D transform matrix to apply to any UIElement (you use this as a value for the Projection property). The matrix lets you apply arbitrary model transform matrices and perspective matrices to visual elements.

Examples

This example uses a simple Matrix3D matrix to transform the image in the X and Y directions when you click the image.

<!-- When you click on the image, the projection is applied. -->
<Image PointerPressed="ApplyProjection" x:Name="BeachImage" Source="guy_by_the_beach.jpg"
       Width="200"/>
private void ApplyProjection(Object sender, PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();

    // This matrix simply translates the image 100 pixels
    // down and 100 pixels right.
    m.M11 = 1.0; m.M12 = 0.0; m.M13 = 0.0; m.M14 = 0.0;
    m.M21 = 0.0; m.M22 = 1.0; m.M23 = 0.0; m.M24 = 0.0;
    m.M31 = 0.0; m.M32 = 0.0; m.M33 = 1.0; m.M34 = 0.0;
    m.OffsetX = 100; m.OffsetY = 100; m.OffsetZ = 0; m.M44 = 1.0;

    Matrix3DProjection m3dProjection = new Matrix3DProjection();
    m3dProjection.ProjectionMatrix = m;

    BeachImage.Projection = m3dProjection;

}
<Image Source="guy_by_the_beach.jpg">
    <Image.Projection>
        <Matrix3DProjection  ProjectionMatrix="2, 0, 0, 0,
                                              0, 2, 0, 0,
                                              0, 0, 1, 0,
                                              100, 100, 0, 1"/>
    </Image.Projection>
</Image>
<!-- When you click on the image, the projection is applied. -->
<Image PointerPressed="ApplyProjection" x:Name="BeachImage" Source="guy_by_the_beach.jpg" 
       Width="200"/>
private void ApplyProjection(Object sender, PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    // Translate the image along the negative Z-axis such that it occupies 50% of the
    // vertical field of view.
    double fovY = Math.PI / 2.0;
    double translationZ = -BeachImage.ActualHeight / Math.Tan(fovY / 2.0);
    double theta = 20.0 * Math.PI / 180.0;

    // You can create a 3D effect by creating a number of simple 
    // tranformation Matrix3D matrixes and then multiply them together.
    Matrix3D centerImageAtOrigin = TranslationTransform(
             -BeachImage.ActualWidth / 2.0,
             -BeachImage.ActualHeight / 2.0, 0);
    Matrix3D invertYAxis = CreateScaleTransform(1.0, -1.0, 1.0);
    Matrix3D rotateAboutY = RotateYTransform(theta);
    Matrix3D translateAwayFromCamera = TranslationTransform(0, 0, translationZ);
    Matrix3D perspective = PerspectiveTransformFovRH(fovY,
            LayoutRoot.ActualWidth / LayoutRoot.ActualHeight,   // aspect ratio
            1.0,                                                // near plane
            1000.0);                                            // far plane
    Matrix3D viewport = ViewportTransform(LayoutRoot.ActualWidth, LayoutRoot.ActualHeight);

    Matrix3D m = Matrix3DHelper.Multiply(centerImageAtOrigin,invertYAxis);
    m = Matrix3D.Multiply(m ,rotateAboutY);
    m = Matrix3D.Multiply(m,translateAwayFromCamera);
    m = Matrix3D.Multiply(m,perspective);
    m = Matrix3D.Multiply(m,viewport);

    Matrix3DProjection m3dProjection = new Matrix3DProjection();
    m3dProjection.ProjectionMatrix = m;

    BeachImage.Projection = m3dProjection;
}

private Matrix3D TranslationTransform(double tx, double ty, double tz)
{
    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();

    m.M11 = 1.0; m.M12 = 0.0; m.M13 = 0.0; m.M14 = 0.0;
    m.M21 = 0.0; m.M22 = 1.0; m.M23 = 0.0; m.M24 = 0.0;
    m.M31 = 0.0; m.M32 = 0.0; m.M33 = 1.0; m.M34 = 0.0;
    m.OffsetX = tx; m.OffsetY = ty; m.OffsetZ = tz; m.M44 = 1.0;

    return m;
}

private Matrix3D CreateScaleTransform(double sx, double sy, double sz)
{
    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();

    m.M11 = sx; m.M12 = 0.0; m.M13 = 0.0; m.M14 = 0.0;
    m.M21 = 0.0; m.M22 = sy; m.M23 = 0.0; m.M24 = 0.0;
    m.M31 = 0.0; m.M32 = 0.0; m.M33 = sz; m.M34 = 0.0;
    m.OffsetX = 0.0; m.OffsetY = 0.0; m.OffsetZ = 0.0; m.M44 = 1.0;

    return m;
}

private Matrix3D RotateYTransform(double theta)
{
    double sin = Math.Sin(theta);
    double cos = Math.Cos(theta);

    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();

    m.M11 = cos; m.M12 = 0.0; m.M13 = -sin; m.M14 = 0.0;
    m.M21 = 0.0; m.M22 = 1.0; m.M23 = 0.0; m.M24 = 0.0;
    m.M31 = sin; m.M32 = 0.0; m.M33 = cos; m.M34 = 0.0;
    m.OffsetX = 0.0; m.OffsetY = 0.0; m.OffsetZ = 0.0; m.M44 = 1.0;

    return m;
}

private Matrix3D RotateZTransform(double theta)
{
    double cos = Math.Cos(theta);
    double sin = Math.Sin(theta);

    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();
    m.M11 = cos; m.M12 = sin; m.M13 = 0.0; m.M14 = 0.0;
    m.M21 = -sin; m.M22 = cos; m.M23 = 0.0; m.M24 = 0.0;
    m.M31 = 0.0; m.M32 = 0.0; m.M33 = 1.0; m.M34 = 0.0;
    m.OffsetX = 0.0; m.OffsetY = 0.0; m.OffsetZ = 0.0; m.M44 = 1.0;
    return m;
}

private Matrix3D PerspectiveTransformFovRH(double fieldOfViewY, double aspectRatio, double zNearPlane, double zFarPlane)
{
    double height = 1.0 / Math.Tan(fieldOfViewY / 2.0);
    double width = height / aspectRatio;
    double d = zNearPlane - zFarPlane;

    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();
    m.M11 = width; m.M12 = 0; m.M13 = 0; m.M14 = 0;
    m.M21 = 0; m.M22 = height; m.M23 = 0; m.M24 = 0;
    m.M31 = 0; m.M32 = 0; m.M33 = zFarPlane / d; m.M34 = -1;
    m.OffsetX = 0; m.OffsetY = 0; m.OffsetZ = zNearPlane * zFarPlane / d; m.M44 = 0;

    return m;
}

private Matrix3D ViewportTransform(double width, double height)
{
    Matrix3D m = new Matrix3D();

    m.M11 = width / 2.0; m.M12 = 0.0; m.M13 = 0.0; m.M14 = 0.0;
    m.M21 = 0.0; m.M22 = -height / 2.0; m.M23 = 0.0; m.M24 = 0.0;
    m.M31 = 0.0; m.M32 = 0.0; m.M33 = 1.0; m.M34 = 0.0;
    m.OffsetX = width / 2.0; m.OffsetY = height / 2.0; m.OffsetZ = 0.0; m.M44 = 1.0;

    return m;
}

Constructors summary

Initializes a new instance of a Matrix3DProjection class.

Properties summary

Gets or sets the Matrix3D that is used for the projection that is applied to the object.

Identifies the ProjectionMatrix dependency property.

Constructors

  • Matrix3DProjection()
    Matrix3DProjection()
    Matrix3DProjection()
    Matrix3DProjection()

    Initializes a new instance of a Matrix3DProjection class.

    public Matrix3DProjection()public New()Public Sub New()public Matrix3DProjection()

Properties

  • ProjectionMatrix
    ProjectionMatrix
    ProjectionMatrix
    ProjectionMatrix

    Gets or sets the Matrix3D that is used for the projection that is applied to the object.

    public Matrix3D ProjectionMatrix { get; set; }public Matrix3D ProjectionMatrix { get; set; }Public ReadWrite Property ProjectionMatrix As Matrix3Dpublic Matrix3D ProjectionMatrix { get; set; }
    <Matrix3DProjection ProjectionMatrix="matrix3DInitializationString" />
    

    Property Value

    Remarks

    The XAML syntax shown requires specifying the 16 properties of a Matrix3D structure in a particular order. For a guide to the string format and the order that's needed for this, see Matrix3D.

    If you use an explicit Matrix3DProjection object element rather than the ProjectionMatrix attribute syntax, you need to map a XAML namespace for Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.Media3D to use the Matrix3DProjection type. For more info, see "XAML syntax for Matrix3D " in Remarks for Matrix3D.

    ProjectionMatrix is the XAML content property for Matrix3DProjection, so you can omit XAML property elements if you do use the explicit Matrix3DProjection object element rather than the attribute form with initialization string.

  • ProjectionMatrixProperty
    ProjectionMatrixProperty
    ProjectionMatrixProperty
    ProjectionMatrixProperty

    Identifies the ProjectionMatrix dependency property.

    public static DependencyProperty ProjectionMatrixProperty { get; }public static DependencyProperty ProjectionMatrixProperty { get; }Public Static ReadOnly Property ProjectionMatrixProperty As DependencyPropertypublic static DependencyProperty ProjectionMatrixProperty { get; }

    Property Value

Device family

Windows 10 (introduced v10.0.10240.0)

API contract

Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract (introduced v1)

Attributes

Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ActivatableAttribute
Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersionAttribute
Windows.Foundation.Metadata.MarshalingBehaviorAttribute
Windows.Foundation.Metadata.StaticAttribute
Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ThreadingAttribute
Windows.Foundation.Metadata.WebHostHiddenAttribute
Windows.UI.Xaml.Markup.ContentPropertyAttribute

Details

Assembly

Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.dll