CA1006: Do not nest generic types in member signatures

TypeName DoNotNestGenericTypesInMemberSignatures
CheckId CA1006
Category Microsoft.Design
Breaking Change Breaking

Cause

An externally visible member has a signature that contains a nested type argument.

Rule Description

A nested type argument is a type argument that is also a generic type. To call a member whose signature contains a nested type argument, the user must instantiate one generic type and pass this type to the constructor of a second generic type. The required procedure and syntax are complex and should be avoided.

How to Fix Violations

To fix a violation of this rule, change the design to remove the nested type argument.

When to Suppress Warnings

Do not suppress a warning from this rule. Providing generics in a syntax that is easy to understand and use reduces the time that is required to learn and increases the adoption rate of new libraries.

Example

The following example shows a method that violates the rule and the syntax that is required to call the violating method.

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Namespace DesignLibrary

   Public Class IntegerCollections
   
      Sub NonNestedCollection(collection As ICollection(Of Integer))
      
         For Each I As Integer In DirectCast( _ 
            collection, IEnumerable(Of Integer))

            Console.WriteLine(I)

         Next 

      End Sub

      ' This method violates the rule.
      Sub NestedCollection( _ 
         outerCollection As ICollection(Of ICollection(Of Integer)))
      
         For Each innerCollection As ICollection(Of Integer) In _ 
            DirectCast(outerCollection, _ 
                       IEnumerable(Of ICollection(Of Integer)))

            For Each I As Integer In _ 
               DirectCast(innerCollection, IEnumerable(Of Integer))

               Console.WriteLine(I)

            Next

         Next
 
      End Sub

   End Class

   Class Test
   
      Shared Sub Main()
      
         Dim collections As New IntegerCollections()

         Dim integerListA As New List(Of Integer)()
         integerListA.Add(1)
         integerListA.Add(2)
         integerListA.Add(3)

         collections.NonNestedCollection(integerListA)

         Dim integerListB As New List(Of Integer)()
         integerListB.Add(4)
         integerListB.Add(5)
         integerListB.Add(6)

         Dim integerListC As New List(Of Integer)()
         integerListC.Add(7)
         integerListC.Add(8)
         integerListC.Add(9)

         Dim nestedIntegerLists As New List(Of ICollection(Of Integer))()
         nestedIntegerLists.Add(integerListA)
         nestedIntegerLists.Add(integerListB)
         nestedIntegerLists.Add(integerListC)

         collections.NestedCollection(nestedIntegerLists)

      End Sub

   End Class

End Namespace
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace DesignLibrary
{
   public class IntegerCollections
   {
      public void NotNestedCollection(ICollection<int> collection)
      {
         foreach(int i in collection)
         {
            Console.WriteLine(i);
         }
      }

      // This method violates the rule.
      public void NestedCollection(
         ICollection<ICollection<int>> outerCollection)
      {
         foreach(ICollection<int> innerCollection in outerCollection)
         {
            foreach(int i in innerCollection)
            {
               Console.WriteLine(i);
            }
         }
      }
   }

   class Test
   {
      static void Main()
      {
         IntegerCollections collections = new IntegerCollections();

         List<int> integerListA = new List<int>();
         integerListA.Add(1);
         integerListA.Add(2);
         integerListA.Add(3);

         collections.NotNestedCollection(integerListA);

         List<int> integerListB = new List<int>();
         integerListB.Add(4);
         integerListB.Add(5);
         integerListB.Add(6);

         List<int> integerListC = new List<int>();
         integerListC.Add(7);
         integerListC.Add(8);
         integerListC.Add(9);

         List<ICollection<int>> nestedIntegerLists = 
            new List<ICollection<int>>();
         nestedIntegerLists.Add(integerListA);
         nestedIntegerLists.Add(integerListB);
         nestedIntegerLists.Add(integerListC);

         collections.NestedCollection(nestedIntegerLists);
      }
   }
}

CA1005: Avoid excessive parameters on generic types

CA1010: Collections should implement generic interface

CA1000: Do not declare static members on generic types

CA1002: Do not expose generic lists

CA1004: Generic methods should provide type parameter

CA1003: Use generic event handler instances

CA1007: Use generics where appropriate

See Also

Generics