CA1041: Provide ObsoleteAttribute message

Note

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TypeName ProvideObsoleteAttributeMessage
CheckId CA1041
Category Microsoft.Design
Breaking Change Non-breaking

Cause

A type or member is marked by using a System.ObsoleteAttribute attribute that does not have its System.ObsoleteAttribute.Message property specified.

Rule Description

ObsoleteAttribute is used to mark deprecated library types and members. Library consumers should avoid the use of any type or member that is marked obsolete. This is because it might not be supported and will eventually be removed from later versions of the library. When a type or member marked by using ObsoleteAttribute is compiled, the Message property of the attribute is displayed. This gives the user information about the obsolete type or member. This information generally includes how long the obsolete type or member will be supported by the library designers and the preferred replacement to use.

How to Fix Violations

To fix a violation of this rule, add the message parameter to the ObsoleteAttribute constructor.

When to Suppress Warnings

Do not suppress a warning from this rule because the Message property provides critical information about the obsolete type or member.

Example

The following example shows an obsolete member that has a correctly declared ObsoleteAttribute.

using namespace System;

namespace DesignLibrary
{
    public ref class ObsoleteAttributeOnMember
    {
    public:
        [ObsoleteAttribute("This property is obsolete and will " 
            "be removed in a future version. Use the FirstName " 
            "and LastName properties instead.", false)]
        property String^ Name
        {
            String^ get()
            {
               return "Name";
            }
        }

        property String^ FirstName
        {
            String^ get()
            {
               return "FirstName";
            }
        }

        property String^ LastName
        {
            String^ get()
            {
               return "LastName";
            }
        }
    };
}
using System;

namespace DesignLibrary
{
    public class ObsoleteAttributeOnMember
    {
        [ObsoleteAttribute("This property is obsolete and will " +
             "be removed in a future version. Use the FirstName " +
             "and LastName properties instead.", false)]
        public string Name
        {
            get
            {
                return "Name";
            }
        }

        public string FirstName
        {
            get
            {
                return "FirstName";
            }
        }

        public string LastName
        {
            get
            {
                return "LastName";
            }
        }

    }
}
Imports System

Namespace DesignLibrary

    Public Class ObsoleteAttributeOnMember
    
        <ObsoleteAttribute("This property is obsolete and will " & _
             "be removed in a future version. Use the FirstName " & _
             "and LastName properties instead.", False)> _
        ReadOnly Property Name As String
            Get
                Return "Name"
            End Get
        End Property

        ReadOnly Property FirstName As String
            Get
                Return "FirstName"
            End Get
        End Property

        ReadOnly Property LastName As String
            Get
                Return "LastName"
            End Get
        End Property

    End Class

End Namespace

See Also

System.ObsoleteAttribute