Topic discovery and curation in Microsoft Viva Topics

Viva Topics organizes information to knowledge in your Microsoft 365 environment. We've all experienced reading through documents and site pages where we encounter terms we are unfamiliar with. Many times we stop what we are doing to spend precious time searching for more information.

Viva Topics uses Microsoft Graph and AI to identify topics in your organization. A topic is a phrase or term that has a specific meaning to the organization, and has resources related to it that can help people understand what it is and find more information about it. There are lots of different types of topics that will be important to your organization. Initially, the following types of topics can be identified:

  • Project
  • Event
  • Organization
  • Location
  • Product
  • Creative work
  • Field of study

AI identifies people and content connected to the topic, and if enough is discovered, it becomes a suggested topic. It looks to identify the following properties and display them on a topic page:

  • Alternate names and/or acronyms.
  • A short description of the topic.
  • People who might be knowledgeable about the topic.
  • Files, pages, and sites that are related to the topic.

The properties are identified from the files and pages that are part of the evidence for identifying the topic. Alternate names and acronyms are sourced from these files and pages. The short description is sourced from these files and pages, or from the internet through Wikipedia. The source file, page, or Wikipedia article is referenced alongside the suggested properties. People are suggested based on their active contributions (for example, edits) to the files and pages. A reference to the amount of contributions from a particular person provides a hint as to why the person has been identified. Files, pages, and sites are ranked based on whether they are central to the topic, or whether they can give an overview or introduction to the topic.

Not every identified topic will be useful to your organization. It might not have identified any of the correct alternate names, descriptions, the appropriate people, or content. So the ability to add topics that aren't identified, keep suggested topics, and curate topics is critical to improving the quality of the topics that are discoverable in your organization.

Viva Topics then, when the context is appropriate, will suggest these topics to be highlighted on all SharePoint modern site pages in your tenant. The topic can also be directly referenced on the SharePoint modern site page by a page author. When a user is curious to learn more about a topic, they can select the highlighted topic to view a Topic summary card that provides a short description. And if they want to learn more, they can select a Topic details link in the summary to open the detailed topic page.

Topic highlights.

Additionally, users will also be able to find topics through Microsoft Search.

Topic curation and feedback

Viva Topics welcomes human contribution to improve the quality of your topics. While AI initially identifies and suggests topics, manually made edits to content from contributors, manually added topics, confirmation from users for AI discovered properties and content, and feedback on the usefulness of topics are all essential.

  • Topics can be reviewed by knowledge managers in your organization. The knowledge manager can review topics that they have permissions to see. On the Manage topics page in the topic center, they can choose to confirm AI-generated topics ("suggested topics") as valid, reject topics to prevent the content from being viewed as a topic, create topics that were not discovered by AI, or identify topics that could benefit from a few edits by subject matter experts to be more helpful or accurate. For more information, see Manage topics in the topic center.

  • You can assign Create and edit topics permissions to any of your licensed users so that they can make changes to existing topics or create new topics. This allows users that are knowledgeable about the topic to update the topic page directly to make corrections or add additional information. They can also add new topics that AI wasn't able to identify. If there is enough information on these manually added topics, and AI is able to identify this type of topic, additional suggestions from AI might enhance these manually added topics. Together, humans and AI can keep knowledge accurate over time and not have this rest on a single person. For more information, see Create a new topic and Edit a topic.

  • Even users who only have read access to topic (topic viewers) will be asked to verify the usefulness of specific topics. Feedback questions are asked on the Topic summary card to improve the value of the topic and its information. Questions about the quality and usefulness of the AI suggestions are presented to users one at a time. Questions include:

    1. Whether identifying the topic in the SharePoint page was helpful. There's an opportunity to remove the highlight if it's not accurate or helpful. If enough people indicate that a topic is not correctly identified on a particular page, this highlight will eventually be removed for all users.

    2. Whether the suggested topic is valuable to the organization. If enough people indicate that the suggested topic is valuable, the topic is automatically confirmed. Alternatively, if the suggested topic is not valuable, the topic is automatically rejected. The knowledge manager can observe this activity on the Manage topics page.

    3. Whether the people and resource suggestions are helpful.

    4. On the topic center home page, you can see the topics in your organization to which you have a connection. You can choose to remain listed on the topic or remove yourself. This feedback is reflected to everyone who discovers this topic. For more information about the topic center home page, see Topic center overview.

Even with human edits, AI will continually look for more information about topics, and will look for human verification. For example, if AI thinks you are a person that should be listed as an expert on a topic, it will ask you to confirm this.