Import a Git repo
VSTS | TFS 2018 | TFS 2017 Update 1
This guide shows you how to import an existing Git repo from GitHub, Bitbucket, GitLab, or other location into a new or empty existing repo in your VSTS project.
- A VSTS account. If you don't have one, you can sign up for one for free. Each account includes free, unlimited private Git repositories.
- If you are using TFS, you must have TFS 2017 Update 1 or higher. For instructions on manually importing a Git repo using TFS 2017 RTM or earlier, see Manually import a repo.
Import into a new repo
From the repo drop-down, select Import repository.
If the source repo is publicly available, just enter the clone URL of the source repository and a name for your new Git repository.
If the source repository is private but can be accessed using basic authentication (username-password, personal access token, etc.), select Requires authorization and enter the your credentials.
Import into an existing empty repo
On the Files page of the empty Git repository, select Import and enter the clone URL. You will need to provide credentials if the source repository requires authentication.
The import feature disables automated linking for work items mentioned in a commit comment since the work item IDs in the destination project might not be the same as ones in the source project. Automatic linking for work items mentioned in a commit can be re-enabled by navigating to Settings, Version Control, selecting your repository, and choosing Options. For more information on linking commits with work items, see How do I associate my commits with work items?
Manually import a repo
The import repo feature was introduced in TFS 2017 Update 1. If you are using TFS 2017 RTM or earlier, you can use the following steps to manually import a repo into TFS. You can also follow these steps to manually import a repo into a VSTS repo by replacing TFS with VSTS in the following steps.
Clone the source repo to a temporary folder on your computer using the
bareoption, as shown in the following command line example, and then navigate to the repo's folder. Note that when cloning using the
bareoption, the folder name includes the
.gitsuffix. In this example,
https://github.com/contoso/old-contoso-repo.gitis the source repo to be manually imported.
git clone --bare https://github.com/contoso/old-contoso-repo.git cd old-contoso-repo.git
Create a target repo using TFS 2017 RTM, and make a note of the clone URL. In this example,
https://contoso-ltd.visualstudio.com/MyFirstProject/_git/new-contoso-repois the URL for the new target repo.
Run the following command to copy the source repo to the target repo.
git push --mirror https://contoso-ltd.visualstudio.com/MyFirstProject/_git/new-contoso-repo
Delete the temporary folder by running the following commands.
cd .. rm -rf old-contoso-repo.git
Frequently asked questions
Although most of the time the import is successful, the following conditions can cause problems.
- What if my Source repository is behind two-factor authentication?
- What if my source repository does not support multi_ack?
- Can I import from previous versions of Team Foundation Server?
- Can I use MSA based credentials?
- Can I import from TFVC?
What if my source repository is behind two-factor authentication?
The import service uses REST APIs to validate and trigger import and cannot work directly with repositories that require two-factor authentication. Most Git hosting providers like GitHub and VSTS support personal tokens which can be supplied to the import service.
What if my source repository does not support multi_ack?
The import service uses the multi_ack capability of the Git protocol during the import. If the source repository does not provide this capability, the import service can fail to import from the given source. This failure can happen when creating import request or while import is in progress.
Can I import from previous versions of Team Foundation Server?
If the source Git repository is in a TFS version earlier than TFS 2017 RTM, then import will fail. This happens because of a contract mismatch between the latest VSTS/TFS and pre-2017 RTM versions of TFS.
Can I use MSA based credentials?
Unfortunately, MSA (Microsoft Account, formerly Live ID) based credentials will not work. Import service relies on basic authentication to communicate with the source repository. If the username / password you are using are not basic auth then authentication will fail and import will fail. One way to check if the username / password you are using are basic auth or not is to try using Git to clone your repository using the below format
git clone https://<<username>>:<<password>>@<<remaining clone Url>>
Can I import from TFVC?
You can migrate code from an existing TFVC repository to a new Git repository within the same account. While migrating to Git has many benefits, it is an involved process for large TFVC repositories and teams. Centralized version control systems, like TFVC, behave different than Git in fundamental ways. The switch involves a lot more than learning new commands. It is a disruptive change that requires careful planning. For more information, see Import from TFVC to Git.