The ZwOpenProcessTokenEx routine opens the access token associated with a process.
__kernel_entry NTSYSCALLAPI NTSTATUS NtOpenProcessTokenEx( HANDLE ProcessHandle, ACCESS_MASK DesiredAccess, ULONG HandleAttributes, PHANDLE TokenHandle );
Handle to the process whose access token is to be opened. The handle must have PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION access. Use the NtCurrentProcess macro, defined in Ntddk.h, to specify the current process.
ACCESS_MASK structure specifying the requested types of access to the access token. These requested access types are compared with the token's discretionary access-control list (DACL) to determine which accesses are granted or denied.
Attributes for the access token handle. Only OBJ_KERNEL_HANDLE is currently supported. If the caller is not running in the system process context, it must specify OBJ_KERNEL_HANDLE for this parameter.
Pointer to a caller-allocated variable that receives a handle to the newly opened access token.
ZwOpenProcessTokenEx returns STATUS_SUCCESS or an appropriate error status. Possible error status codes include the following:
||ProcessHandle did not have PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION access.|
||A new token handle could not be allocated.|
||ProcessHandle was not a valid handle.|
||The specified HandleAttributes did not include OBJ_KERNEL_HANDLE.|
||ProcessHandle was not a process handle.|
||The caller does not have the privilege (SeSecurityPrivilege) necessary to create a token handle with the access specified in the DesiredAccess parameter.|
||The process's memory quota is not sufficient to allocate the token handle.|
||The token handle could not be created.|
ZwOpenProcessTokenEx opens the access token associated with a process and returns a handle for that token.
Any handle obtained by calling ZwOpenProcessTokenEx must eventually be released by calling ZwClose.
Driver routines that run in a process context other than that of the system process must set the OBJ_KERNEL_HANDLE attribute for the HandleAttributes parameter of ZwOpenProcessTokenEx. This restricts the use of the handle returned by ZwOpenProcessTokenEx to processes running in kernel mode. Otherwise, the handle can be accessed by the process in whose context the driver is running.
For more information about security and access control, see the documentation on these topics in the Windows SDK.
|Windows version||Available in Windows XP and later versions of Windows.|
|Header||ntifs.h (include Ntifs.h)|
|DDI compliance rules||PowerIrpDDis, HwStorPortProhibitedDDIs|