NtQueryVolumeInformationFile function

The NtQueryVolumeInformationFile routine retrieves information about the volume associated with a given file, directory, storage device, or volume.


__kernel_entry NTSYSCALLAPI NTSTATUS NtQueryVolumeInformationFile(
  HANDLE               FileHandle,
  PIO_STATUS_BLOCK     IoStatusBlock,
  PVOID                FsInformation,
  ULONG                Length,



A handle to a file object returned by NtCreateFile or NtOpenFile for an open file, directory, storage device, or volume for which volume information is being requested.


A pointer to an IO_STATUS_BLOCK structure that receives the final completion status and information about the query operation. For successful calls that return data, the number of bytes written to the FsInformation buffer is returned in the structure's Information member.


A pointer to a caller-allocated buffer that receives the desired information about the volume. The structure of the information returned in the buffer is defined by the FsInformationClass parameter.


Size in bytes of the buffer pointed to by FsInformation. The caller should set this parameter according to the given FsInformationClass.


Type of information to be returned about the volume. Set this member to one of the following FS_INFORMATION_CLASS enumeration values.

Value Meaning
FileFsAttributeInformation Return a FILE_FS_ATTRIBUTE_INFORMATION structure containing attribute information about the file system responsible for the volume.
FileFsControlInformation Return a FILE_FS_CONTROL_INFORMATION structure containing file system control information about the volume.
FileFsDeviceInformation Return a FILE_FS_DEVICE_INFORMATION structure containing device information for the volume.
FileFsDriverPathInformation Return a FILE_FS_DRIVER_PATH_INFORMATION structure containing information about whether a specified driver is in the I/O path for the volume. The caller must store the name of the driver into the FILE_FS_DRIVER_PATH_INFORMATION structure before calling NtQueryVolumeInformationFile.
FileFsFullSizeInformation Return a FILE_FS_FULL_SIZE_INFORMATION structure containing information about the total amount of space available on the volume.
FileFsObjectIdInformation Return a FILE_FS_OBJECTID_INFORMATION structure containing file system-specific object ID information for the volume. Note that this is not the same as the (GUID-based) unique volume name assigned by the operating system.
FileFsSizeInformation Return a FILE_FS_SIZE_INFORMATION structure containing information about the amount of space on the volume that is available to the user associated with the calling thread.
FileFsVolumeInformation Return a FILE_FS_VOLUME_INFORMATION containing information about the volume such as the volume label, serial number, and creation time.
FileFsSectorSizeInformation Return a FILE_FS_SECTOR_SIZE_INFORMATION structure that contains information about the physical and logical sector sizes of a volume.

Return Value

NtQueryVolumeInformationFile returns STATUS_SUCCESS or an appropriate error status.


NtQueryVolumeInformationFile retrieves information about the volume associated with a given file, directory, storage device, or volume.

If the FileHandle represents a direct device open, only FileFsDeviceInformation can be specified as the value of FsInformationClass.

NtQueryVolumeInformationFile returns zero in any member of a FILE_XXX_INFORMATION structure that is not supported by the file system.

For information about other file information query routines, see File Objects.

Minifilters should use FltQueryVolumeInformationFile instead of NtQueryVolumeInformationFile.

Callers of NtQueryVolumeInformationFile must be running at IRQL = PASSIVE_LEVEL and with special kernel APCs enabled.

Note If the call to the NtQueryVolumeInformationFile function occurs in user mode, you should use the name "NtQueryVolumeInformationFile" instead of "ZwQueryVolumeInformationFile".
For calls from kernel-mode drivers, the NtXxx and ZwXxx versions of a Windows Native System Services routine can behave differently in the way that they handle and interpret input parameters. For more information about the relationship between the NtXxx and ZwXxx versions of a routine, see Using Nt and Zw Versions of the Native System Services Routines.


Windows version Available starting with Windows XP.
Target Platform Universal
Header ntifs.h (include Ntifs.h, Ntddk.h)
Library NtosKrnl.lib
DLL NtosKrnl.exe
IRQL PASSIVE_LEVEL (see Remarks section)
DDI compliance rules PowerIrpDDis, HwStorPortProhibitedDDIs

See Also












Using Nt and Zw Versions of the Native System Services Routines