HW_BUILDIO callback function

The HwStorBuildIo routine processes the SRB with unsynchronized access to shared system data structures before passing it to HwStorStartIo.

Syntax

HW_BUILDIO HwBuildio;

BOOLEAN HwBuildio(
  PVOID DeviceExtension,
  PSCSI_REQUEST_BLOCK Srb
)
{...}

Parameters

DeviceExtension

A pointer to the miniport driver's per HBA storage area.

Srb

A pointer to the SCSI request block (SRB) to be processed.

Return Value

HwStorBuildIo returns TRUE to inform the caller that StorPort should call the HwStorStartIo routine if StorPort considers the LUN ready to receive I/O. HwStorBuildIo returns FALSE to inform the caller that the SRB should not be passed to HwStorStartIo. In such cases, the miniport driver must complete the SRB by calling StorPortNotification with a notification type of RequestComplete. This can be done in HwStorBuildIo or elsewhere in the miniport driver, as long as the SRB is completed before the timeout that is specified in the TimeOutValue field of the SRB structure.

Remarks

The name HwStorBuildIo is just a placeholder for the miniport function that is pointed to by the HwBuildIo member in the HW_INITIALIZATION_DATA structure. The actual prototype of this routine is defined in Storport.h as follows:

typedef
BOOLEAN
HW_BUILDIO (
  _In_ PVOID DeviceExtension,
  _In_ PSCSI_REQUEST_BLOCK  Srb
  );

The port driver calls the HwStorBuildIo routine at DISPATCH IRQL without holding any spin locks. Because of this, memory allocation using StorPortAllocatePool and mutual exclusion via StorPortAcquireSpinLock are allowed in HwStorBuildIo. In a multiprocessor environment, more than one HwStorBuildIo can be active at a time, so the miniport driver is required to synchronize access to system resources, which may be in contention if more than one instance of HwStorBuildIo is active at any given time.

By completed time-consuming I/O setup activities in HwStorBuildIo instead of in HwStorStartIo, the miniport driver enables greater I/O concurrency and therefore improves I/O throughput. For highest performance, miniport drivers are expected to do as much preprocessing as possible in HwStorBuildIo so that it can send requests to the HBA via HwStorStartIo in as short amount of time as possible. Preprocessed data and state can be stored in either the DeviceExtension or SrbExtension structures. Only modifications to unique portions of the DeviceExtension must occur since no locks are held. HwStorBuildIo and HwStorStartIo receive the following Srb function types:

Srb function Expected action Remarks
SRB_FUNCTION_EXECUTE_SCSI Sends a CDB to the specified bus/target/lun. Srb->DataTransferLength is valid for all Cdbs. Srb->DataBuffer is NULL for read and write requests . To access the associated data, either use StorPortGetScatterGatherList (for Dma transfers) or StorPortGetSystemAddress (for program controlled I/O ) to get the Scatter Gather list or the virtual address of the buffer. For other requests, Srb->Databuffer points to the data that is associated with the Srb. Srb->PathId is valid and represents the pathid given to Storport in StorPortNotification (BusChange). Writers of miniport drivers need to use pathid as an index into a table of busses within the miniport. Srb->TargetId and Srb->Lun are valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_IO_CONTROL Miniport defined. Srb->DataTransferLength and Srb->DataBuffer are valid if set by the requester. Srb->PathId, Srb->TargetId, and Srb->Lun are all valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_RESET_LOGICAL_UNIT Reset the specified logical unit (if the device is capable). Srb->DataTransferLength and Srb->DataBuffer are invalid. Srb->PathId, Srb->TargetId, and Srb->Lun are all valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_RESET_DEVICE Reset the specified Scsi Target. Srb->DataTransferLength and Srb->DataBuffer, Srb->Lun are invalid. Srb->PathId and Srb->TargetId are valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_RESET_BUS Reset all of the targets on the specified SCSI bus. Only Srb->PathId is valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_FLUSH Only performed by the miniport driver if it sets CachesData == TRUE in the PORT_CONFIGURATION_INFORMATION. Instructs the miniport driver to flush all cached data. Srb->PathId, Srb->TargetId, and Srb->Lun are all valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_SHUTDOWN Only performed by the miniport driver if it sets CachesData == TRUE in the PORT_CONFIGURATION_INFORMATION. Instructs the miniport driver to flush all cached data preparatory to shut down. Srb->PathId, Srb->TargetId, and Srb->Lun are all valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_DUMP_POINTERS This request is sent to a Storport virtual miniport driver that is used to control the disk that holds the crash dump data. The request supplies information needed for the miniport driver to support crash dump and hibernation. Starting with Windows 8, non-virtual miniport drivers can optionally receive this request Srb->PathId, Srb->TargetId, and Srb->Lun are all valid.
SRB_FUNCTION_FREE_DUMP_POINTERS Starting with Windows 8, this request is sent to the miniport to free and resources allocated during the SRB_FUNCTION_DUMP_POINTERS request. Srb->PathId, Srb->TargetId, and Srb->Lun are all valid.

Starting in Windows 8, the Srb parameter may point to either SCSI_REQUEST_BLOCK or STORAGE_REQUEST_BLOCK. If the function identifier in the Function field of Srb is SRB_FUNCTION_STORAGE_REQUEST_BLOCK, the SRB is a STORAGE_REQUEST_BLOCK request structure.

For more information about what you can and cannot do safely in this miniport driver routine, see Unsynchronized HwStorBuildIo Routine.

Examples

To define an HwStorBuildIo callback function, you must first provide a function declaration that identifies the type of callback function you’re defining. Windows provides a set of callback function types for drivers. Declaring a function using the callback function types helps Code Analysis for Drivers, Static Driver Verifier (SDV), and other verification tools find errors, and it’s a requirement for writing drivers for the Windows operating system.

For example, to define a HwStorBuildIo callback routine that is named MyHwBuildIo, use the HW_BUILDIO type as shown in this code example:

HW_BUILDIO MyHwBuildIo;

Then, implement your callback routine as follows:

_Use_decl_annotations_
BOOLEAN
MyHwBuildIo (
  _In_ PVOID  DeviceExtension,
  _In_ PSCSI_REQUEST_BLOCK  Srb
  );
  {
      ...
  }

The HW_BUILDIO function type is defined in the Storport.h header file. To more accurately identify errors when you run the code analysis tools, be sure to add the Use_decl_annotations annotation to your function definition. The Use_decl_annotations annotation ensures that the annotations that are applied to the HW_BUILDIO function type in the header file are used. For more information about the requirements for function declarations, see Declaring Functions Using Function Role Types for Storport Drivers. For information about Use_decl_annotations, see Annotating Function Behavior.

Requirements

   
Target Platform Universal
Header storport.h (include Storport.h)
IRQL DISPATCH_LEVEL (See Remarks section.)

See Also

HwStorStartIo

PORT_CONFIGURATION_INFORMATION

SCSI_REQUEST_BLOCK

STORAGE_REQUEST_BLOCK

StorPortAcquireSpinLock

StorPortAllocatePool

StorPortNotification