ALLOCATE_FUNCTION_EX callback function

The LookasideListAllocateEx routine allocates the storage for a new lookaside-list entry when a client requests an entry from a lookaside list that is empty.

Syntax

ALLOCATE_FUNCTION_EX AllocateFunctionEx;

PVOID AllocateFunctionEx(
  POOL_TYPE PoolType,
  SIZE_T NumberOfBytes,
  ULONG Tag,
  PLOOKASIDE_LIST_EX Lookaside
)
{...}

Parameters

PoolType

Specifies the type of storage to allocate for the new lookaside-list entry. The caller sets this parameter to a valid POOL_TYPE enumeration value, and possibly bitwise ORs this value with one of the following flag bits:

  • POOL_RAISE_IF_ALLOCATION_FAILURE
  • POOL_QUOTA_FAIL_INSTEAD_OF_RAISE
For more information about the POOL_RAISE_IF_ALLOCATION_FAILURE flag, see ExAllocatePoolWithTag. For more information about the POOL_QUOTA_FAIL_INSTEAD_OF_RAISE flag, see ExAllocatePoolWithQuotaTag.

If, in the ExInitializeLookasideListEx call that initialized the lookaside list, the Flags parameter is zero, the PoolType parameter that the LookasideListAllocateEx routine receives is the same PoolType parameter value that was passed to ExInitializeLookasideListEx.

If, in the ExInitializeLookasideListEx call, Flags = EX_LOOKASIDE_LIST_EX_FLAGS_RAISE_ON_FAIL, the PoolType parameter that the LookasideListAllocateEx routine receives is the bitwise OR of POOL_RAISE_IF_ALLOCATION_FAILURE and the PoolType parameter value that was passed to ExInitializeLookasideListEx. The LookasideListAllocateEx routine can pass its PoolType parameter value, without modification, to the ExAllocatePoolWithTag routine.

If, in the ExInitializeLookasideListEx call, Flags = EX_LOOKASIDE_LIST_EX_FLAGS_FAIL_NO_RAISE, the PoolType parameter that the LookasideListAllocateEx routine receives is the bitwise OR of POOL_QUOTA_FAIL_INSTEAD_OF_RAISE and the PoolType value that was passed to ExInitializeLookasideListEx. The LookasideListAllocateEx routine can pass its PoolType parameter value, without modification, to the ExAllocatePoolWithQuotaTag routine.

NumberOfBytes

Specifies the size, in bytes, of the lookaside-list entry to allocate.

Tag

Specifies the four-byte pool tag to use to mark the allocated storage for the new lookaside-list entry. For more information about pool tags, see the description of the Tag parameter in ExAllocatePoolWithTag.

Lookaside

A pointer to a LOOKASIDE_LIST_EX structure that describes the lookaside list. This structure was previously initialized by the ExInitializeLookasideListEx routine.

Return Value

LookasideListAllocateEx returns a pointer to the allocated lookaside-list entry. If the routine cannot allocate an entry, it returns NULL.

Remarks

A driver that creates a lookaside list can implement a LookasideListAllocateEx routine to dynamically allocate buffers for the list. A buffer that is not in use is stored as an entry in the list. All entries in a lookaside list are buffers of a uniform size, which the driver specifies when the list is initialized.

The driver supplies a pointer to a custom LookasideListAllocateEx routine as an input parameter in the ExInitializeLookasideListEx call that initializes the lookaside list. If the driver sets this parameter to NULL, the lookaside list uses a default allocation routine instead.

A driver calls the ExAllocateFromLookasideListEx routine to allocate an entry from a lookaside list. If the list is empty (contains no entries), ExAllocateFromLookasideListEx calls LookasideListAllocateEx to dynamically allocate the storage for a new entry. LookasideListAllocateEx returns a pointer to the newly allocated entry if the allocation is successful. Otherwise, it returns NULL.

The PoolType, NumberOfBytes, Tag, and Lookaside parameters contain the same values that were passed as input parameters in the ExInitializeLookasideListEx call that initialized the lookaside list.

The LookasideListAllocateEx routine can use the Lookaside parameter to access private context data that the driver has associated with the lookaside list. For more information, see the code example in ExInitializeLookasideListEx.

For more information about lookaside lists, see Using Lookaside Lists.

The LookasideListAllocateEx routine is called at the same IRQL as the call to ExAllocateFromLookasideListEx that requests the entry. For a call that requests an entry that resides in paged memory, the caller must be running IRQL <= APC_LEVEL. For a call that requests an entry that resides in nonpaged memory, the caller must be running IRQL <= DISPATCH_LEVEL.

Examples

To define a LookasideListAllocateEx callback routine, you must first provide a function declaration that identifies the type of callback routine you're defining. Windows provides a set of callback function types for drivers. Declaring a function using the callback function types helps Code Analysis for Drivers, Static Driver Verifier (SDV), and other verification tools find errors, and it's a requirement for writing drivers for the Windows operating system.

For example, to define a LookasideListAllocateEx callback routine that is named MyLookasideListAllocateEx, use the FREE_FUNCTION_EX type as shown in this code example:

FREE_FUNCTION_EX MyLookasideListFreeEx;
Then, implement your callback routine as follows:
_Use_decl_annotations_
VOID
  MyLookasideListFreeEx(
    PVOID  Buffer,
    PLOOKASIDE_LIST_EX  Lookaside
    )
  {
      // Function body
  }
The FREE_FUNCTION_EX function type is defined in the Wdm.h header file. To more accurately identify errors when you run the code analysis tools, be sure to add the Use_decl_annotations annotation to your function definition. The Use_decl_annotations annotation ensures that the annotations that are applied to the FREE_FUNCTION_EX function type in the header file are used. For more information about the requirements for function declarations, see Declaring Functions by Using Function Role Types for WDM Drivers. For information about Use_decl_annotations, see Annotating Function Behavior.

Requirements

   
Windows version Supported in Windows Vista and later versions of Windows.
Target Platform Desktop
Header wdm.h (include Wdm.h, Ntddk.h, Ntifs.h)
IRQL See Remarks section.

See Also

ExAllocateFromLookasideListEx

ExAllocatePoolWithQuotaTag

ExAllocatePoolWithTag

ExInitializeLookasideListEx

LOOKASIDE_LIST_EX

POOL_TYPE