Creating WDF HID Minidrivers

This topic describes how to create a Human Interface Device (HID) minidriver using Windows Driver Frameworks (WDF).

You can write a HID minidriver using either KMDF or UMDF. We recommend starting with the vhidmini2 minidriver sample. You can compile this sample driver using either KMDF or UMDF 2.x.

What to provide

  1. You'll write a lower filter driver under MsHidUmdf.sys (for UMDF) or MsHidKmdf.sys (for KMDF), both of which are included as part of the operating system.

  2. Download and review the vhidmini2 sample.

  3. Call WdfFdoInitSetFilter from the driver's EvtDriverDeviceAdd callback function.

  4. Create I/O queues to receive I/O requests that MsHidUmdf.sys or MsHidKmdf.sys pass from the class driver to your driver.

  5. Provide an EvtIoDeviceControl callback function that branches to IOCTL-specific method handlers. Review the IOCTLs described in WDF HID Minidriver IOCTLs and ensure that your driver handles the relevant ones for your device.

  6. For UMDF, if your driver is enumerated by ACPI, optionally enable selective suspend. In the device's hardware key, add a EnableDefaultIdleNotificationHandler subkey and set it to 1.

  7. For UMDF, set the following INF directives in a WDF-specific DDInstall section of your INF file:

    • UmdfKernelModeClientPolicy to AllowKernelModeClients so that the kernel-mode pass-through driver can be loaded in the stack.
    • UmdfMethodNeitherAction to Copy to allow UMDF to process IOCTLs of METHOD_NEITHER type.
    • UmdfFileObjectPolicy to AllowNullAndUnknownFileObjects
    • UmdfFsContextUsePolicy to CanUseFsContext2

    For example:

    UmdfKernelModeClientPolicy = AllowKernelModeClients
    UmdfFsContextUsePolicy = CanUseFsContext2

If you are writing a UMDF HID minidriver for Windows 7, download Windows Driver Kit (WDK) 8.1 to obtain source code for HidUmdf.sys. Then, write a UMDF 1.11 driver and include HidUmdf.sys and UMDF 1.11 in your driver package.


The HID class driver (HidClass.sys) and the framework provide conflicting WDM dispatch routines to handle some I/O requests (such as Plug and Play and power management requests) for minidrivers. As a result, a HID minidriver cannot link to both the class driver and the framework. Therefore, Microsoft provides MsHidUmdf.sys and MsHidKmdf.sys, which are WDM drivers that reside between the class driver and the minidriver.

Both MsHidUmdf.sys and MsHidKmdf.sys call the HID class driver's HidRegisterMinidriver routine to register as the actual HID minidriver. Although these drivers act as the device's function driver, they just pass I/O requests from the class driver to your driver (and are thus sometimes called pass-through drivers). For both KMDF and UMDF, the only component that you supply is the HID minidriver, which is a lower filter driver that sits under the pass-through driver.

UMDF architecture KMDF architecture
location of hidumdf.sys in the driver stack location of mshidkmdf.sys in driver stack