Add a Custom Script to Windows Setup

Windows Setup scripts: Setupcomplete.cmd and ErrorHandler.cmd are custom scripts that run during or after the Windows Setup process. They can be used to install applications or run other tasks by using cscript/wscript scripts.

  • %WINDIR%\Setup\Scripts\SetupComplete.cmd: This script runs immediately after the user sees the desktop. This setting is disabled when using OEM product keys. It runs with local system permission.
  • %WINDIR%\Setup\Scripts\ErrorHandler.cmd: This script runs automatically when Setup encounters a fatal error. It runs with local system permission.

Windows Unattend scripts: Create an Unattend.xml file with one of these settings to run during the Windows Setup process. This can be used with OEM product keys.

To run services or commands that can start at the same time, use RunAsynchronousCommands. To run commands that need to finish before other commands can start, use RunSynchronousCommands.

Note As of Windows 10, Microsoft-Window-Shell-Setup\LogonCommands\AsynchronousCommand now works like LogonCommands\AsynchronousCommand: all commands using these unattend settings are now started at the same time, and no longer wait for the previous command to finish.

Some of these settings run in the user context, others run in the system context depending on the configuration pass.

Run a script after setup is complete (SetupComplete.cmd)

Order of operations

  1. After Windows is installed but before the logon screen appears, Windows Setup searches for the SetupComplete.cmd file in the %WINDIR%\Setup\Scripts\ directory.
  2. If a SetupComplete.cmd file is found, Windows Setup runs the script. Windows Setup logs the action in the C:\Windows\Panther\UnattendGC\Setupact.log file.

    Setup does not verify any exit codes or error levels in the script after it executes SetupComplete.cmd.

    Warning You cannot reboot the system and resume running SetupComplete.cmd. You should not reboot the system by adding a command such as shutdown -r. This will put the system in a bad state.

  3. If the computer joins a domain during installation, the Group Policy that is defined in the domain is not applied to the computer until Setupcomplete.cmd is finished. This is to make sure that the Group Policy configuration activity does not interfere with the script.

Run a script if Windows Setup encounters a fatal error (ErrorHandler.cmd)

This script is useful when you're installing many systems at the same time. This helps you detect when an error occurs during Windows Setup. When it does, Setup automatically runs a script that can contain custom commands or actions to address the cause of the error.

If Windows Setup encounters a fatal error and is prevented from completing the installation, Windows Setup searches for a command script in the following directory: %WINDIR%\Setup\Scripts\ErrorHandler.cmd. One of two actions will occur, depending on whether the script is found.

  • If the script is not found, a dialog box is displayed with the error text. A user must dismiss the dialog box before Windows Setup exits.
  • If the script is found, the script executes synchronously. No dialog box or error text is displayed. After the ErrorHandler.cmd script has finished running, Windows Setup exits.

Depending on the phase of Windows Setup, the computer will return to the environment from which Windows Setup was executed, such as an earlier version of the operating system or Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE), for example.

There may be instances when Windows Setup encounters more than one error and runs the ErrorHandler.cmd script more than once. When developing the code for ErrorHandler.cmd, make sure that you can run this script multiple times.

To use ErrorHandler.cmd, you can do either of the following:

  • Mount the image, and add it to the image, in %WINDIR%\Setup\Scripts\ErrorHandler.cmd. Unmount the image.

    -or-

  • Add ErrorHandler.cmd to a temporary file location (for example, C:\Temp\ErrorHandler.cmd), and then run Windows Setup using the /m option.

    Setup /m:C:\Temp
    

    To learn more, see Windows Setup Command-Line Options.

Related topics

Windows Setup Technical Reference

Boot from a DVD

Use a Configuration Set with Windows Setup

Deploy a Custom Image

Boot Windows to Audit Mode or OOBE

Add Device Drivers to Windows During Windows Setup