Defender CSP

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The Windows Defender configuration service provider is used to configure various Windows Defender actions across the enterprise.

The following image shows the Windows Defender configuration service provider in tree format.

defender csp diagram

Detections
An interior node to group all threats detected by Windows Defender.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId
The ID of a threat that has been detected by Windows Defender.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/Name
The name of the specific threat.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/URL
URL link for additional threat information.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/Severity
Threat severity ID.

The data type is a integer.

The following list shows the supported values:

  • 0 = Unknown
  • 1 = Low
  • 2 = Moderate
  • 4 = High
  • 5 = Severe

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/Category
Threat category ID.

The data type is a integer.

The following table describes the supported values:

Value Description
0 Invalid
1 Adware
2 Spyware
3 Password stealer
4 Trojan downloader
5 Worm
6 Backdoor
7 Remote access Trojan
8 Trojan
9 Email flooder
10 Keylogger
11 Dialer
12 Monitoring software
13 Browser modifier
14 Cookie
15 Browser plugin
16 AOL exploit
17 Nuker
18 Security disabler
19 Joke program
20 Hostile ActiveX control
21 Software bundler
22 Stealth modifier
23 Settings modifier
24 Toolbar
25 Remote control software
26 Trojan FTP
27 Potential unwanted software
28 ICQ exploit
29 Trojan telnet
30 Exploit
31 File sharing program
32 Malware creation tool
33 Remote control software
34 Tool
36 Trojan denial of service
37 Trojan dropper
38 Trojan mass mailer
39 Trojan monitoring software
40 Trojan proxy server
42 Virus
43 Known
44 Unknown
45 SPP
46 Behavior
47 Vulnerability
48 Policy
49 EUS (Enterprise Unwanted Software)
50 Ransomware
51 ASR Rule

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/CurrentStatus
Information about the current status of the threat.

The data type is a integer.

The following list shows the supported values:

  • 0 = Active
  • 1 = Action failed
  • 2 = Manual steps required
  • 3 = Full scan required
  • 4 = Reboot required
  • 5 = Remediated with noncritical failures
  • 6 = Quarantined
  • 7 = Removed
  • 8 = Cleaned
  • 9 = Allowed
  • 10 = No Status ( Cleared)

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/ExecutionStatus
Information about the execution status of the threat.

The data type is a integer.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/InitialDetectionTime
The first time this particular threat was detected.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/LastThreatStatusChangeTime
The last time this particular threat was changed.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Detections/ThreatId/NumberOfDetections
Number of times this threat has been detected on a particular client.

The data type is a integer.

Supported operation is Get.

Health
An interior node to group information about Windows Defender health status.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/ProductStatus
Added in Windows 10, version 1809. Provide the current state of the product. This is a bitmask flag value that can represent one or multiple product states from below list.

Data type is integer. Supported operation is Get.

Supported product status values:

  • No status = 0
  • Service not running = 1 << 0
  • Service started without any malware protection engine = 1 << 1
  • Pending full scan due to threat action = 1 << 2
  • Pending reboot due to threat action = 1 << 3
  • ending manual steps due to threat action = 1 << 4
  • AV signatures out of date = 1 << 5
  • AS signatures out of date = 1 << 6
  • No quick scan has happened for a specified period = 1 << 7
  • No full scan has happened for a specified period = 1 << 8
  • System initiated scan in progress = 1 << 9
  • System initiated clean in progress = 1 << 10
  • There are samples pending submission = 1 << 11
  • Product running in evaluation mode = 1 << 12
  • Product running in non-genuine Windows mode = 1 << 13
  • Product expired = 1 << 14
  • Off-line scan required = 1 << 15
  • Service is shutting down as part of system shutdown = 1 << 16
  • Threat remediation failed critically = 1 << 17
  • Threat remediation failed non-critically = 1 << 18
  • No status flags set (well initialized state) = 1 << 19
  • Platform is out of date = 1 << 20
  • Platform update is in progress = 1 << 21
  • Platform is about to be outdated = 1 << 22
  • Signature or platform end of life is past or is impending = 1 << 23
  • Windows SMode signatures still in use on non-Win10S install = 1 << 24

Example:

<SyncML xmlns="SYNCML:SYNCML1.1">
  <SyncBody>
    <Get>
      <CmdID>1</CmdID>
        <Item>
          <Target>
            <LocURI>./Vendor/MSFT/Defender/Health/ProductStatus</LocURI>
          </Target>
        </Item>
    </Get>
    <Final/>
  </SyncBody>
</SyncML>

Health/ComputerState
Provide the current state of the device.

The data type is a integer.

The following list shows the supported values:

  • 0 = Clean
  • 1 = Pending full scan
  • 2 = Pending reboot
  • 4 = Pending manual steps (Windows Defender is waiting for the user to take some action, such as restarting the computer or running a full scan)
  • 8 = Pending offline scan
  • 16 = Pending critical failure (Windows Defender has failed critically and an Administrator needs to investigate and take some action, such as restarting the computer or reinstalling Windows Defender)

Supported operation is Get.

Health/DefenderEnabled
Indicates whether the Windows Defender service is running.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/RtpEnabled
Indicates whether real-time protection is running.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/NisEnabled
Indicates whether network protection is running.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/QuickScanOverdue
Indicates whether a Windows Defender quick scan is overdue for the device.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/FullScanOverdue
Indicates whether a Windows Defender full scan is overdue for the device.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/SignatureOutOfDate
Indicates whether the Windows Defender signature is outdated.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/RebootRequired
Indicates whether a device reboot is needed.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/FullScanRequired
Indicates whether a Windows Defender full scan is required.

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/EngineVersion
Version number of the current Windows Defender engine on the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/SignatureVersion
Version number of the current Windows Defender signatures on the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/DefenderVersion
Version number of Windows Defender on the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/QuickScanTime
Time of the last Windows Defender quick scan of the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/FullScanTime
Time of the last Windows Defender full scan of the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/QuickScanSigVersion
Signature version used for the last quick scan of the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/FullScanSigVersion
Signature version used for the last full scan of the device.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/TamperProtectionEnabled
Indicates whether the Windows Defender tamper protection feature is enabled.​

The data type is a boolean.

Supported operation is Get.

Health/IsVirtualMachine
Indicates whether the device is a virtual machine.

The data type is a string.

Supported operation is Get.

Configuration
An interior node to group Windows Defender configuration information.

Supported operation is Get.

Configuration/TamperProtection
Tamper protection helps protect important security features from unwanted changes and interference. This includes real-time protection, behavior monitoring, and more. Accepts signed string to turn the feature on or off. Settings are configured with an MDM solution, such as Intune and is available in Windows 10 Enterprise E5 or equivalent subscriptions.

Send off blob to device to reset tamper protection state before setting this configuration to "not configured" or "unassigned" in Intune.

The data type is a Signed blob.

Supported operations are Add, Delete, Get, Replace.

Intune tamper protection setting UX supports three states:

  • Not configured (default): Does not have any impact on the default state of the device.
  • Enabled: Enables the tamper protection feature.
  • Disabled: Turns off the tamper protection feature.

When enabled or disabled exists on the client and admin moves the setting to not configured, it will not have any impact on the device state. To change the state to either enabled or disabled would require to be set explicitly.

Configuration/EnableFileHashComputation
Enables or disables file hash computation feature. When this feature is enabled Windows defender will compute hashes for files it scans.

The data type is a integer.

Supported operations are Add, Delete, Get, Replace.

Valid values are:

  • 1 – Enable.
  • 0 (default) – Disable.

Scan
Node that can be used to start a Windows Defender scan on a device.

Valid values are:

  • 1 - quick scan
  • 2 - full scan

Supported operations are Get and Execute.

UpdateSignature
Node that can be used to perform signature updates for Windows Defender.

Supported operations are Get and Execute.

OfflineScan
Added in Windows 10, version 1803. OfflineScan action starts a Windows Defender offline scan on the computer where you run the command. After the next OS reboot, the device will start in Windows Defender offline mode to begin the scan.

Supported operations are Get and Execute.

Configuration service provider reference