CM_Unregister_Notification function

Use UnregisterDeviceNotification instead of CM_Unregister_Notification if your code targets Windows 7 or earlier versions of Windows.

The CM_Unregister_Notification function closes the specified HCMNOTIFICATION handle.

Syntax

CMAPI CONFIGRET CM_Unregister_Notification(
  HCMNOTIFICATION NotifyContext
);

Parameters

NotifyContext

The HCMNOTIFICATION handle returned by the CM_Register_Notification function.

Return Value

If the operation succeeds, the function returns CR_SUCCESS. Otherwise, it returns one of the CR_-prefixed error codes defined in Cfgmgr32.h.

Remarks

Do not call CM_Unregister_Notification from a notification callback. Doing so may cause a deadlock because CM_Unregister_Notification waits for pending callbacks to finish.

Instead, if you want to unregister from the notification callback, you must do so asynchronously. The following sequence shows one way to do this:

  1. Allocate a context structure to use with your notifications. Include a pointer to a threadpool work structure (PTP_WORK) and any other information you would like to pass to the notification callback.
  2. Call CreateThreadpoolWork. Provide a callback function that calls CM_Unregister_Notification. Add the returned work structure to the previously allocated context structure.
  3. Call CM_Register_Notification and provide the context structure as the pContext parameter.
  4. Do work, get notifications, etc.
  5. Call SubmitThreadpoolWork from within the notification callback, providing the pointer to a threadpool work structure (PTP_WORK) stored in your context structure.
  6. When the threadpool thread runs, the work item calls CM_Unregister_Notification.
  7. Call CloseThreadpoolWork to release the work object.
If you are finished with the context structure, don't forget to release resources and and free the structure.
Caution  Do not free the context structure until after the work item has called CM_Unregister_Notification. You can still receive notifications after submitting the threadpool work item and before the work item calls CM_Unregister_Notification.
 

Examples

The following example shows how to unregister from the notification callback, as described in the Remarks section.

typedef struct _CALLBACK_CONTEXT {
    BOOL bUnregister;
    PTP_WORK pWork;
    HCMNOTIFICATION hNotify;
    CRITICAL_SECTION lock;
} CALLBACK_CONTEXT, *PCALLBACK_CONTEXT;

DWORD WINAPI EventCallback( __in HCMNOTIFICATION hNotification, __in PVOID Context, __in CM_NOTIFY_ACTION Action, __in PCM_NOTIFY_EVENT_DATA EventData, __in DWORD EventDataSize ) { PCALLBACK_CONTEXT pCallbackContext = (PCALLBACK_CONTEXT)Context;

// unregister from the callback EnterCriticalSection(&(pCallbackContext->lock));

// in case this callback fires before the registration call returns, make sure the notification handle is properly set
Context->hNotify = hNotification;

if (!pCallbackContext->bUnregister) {
    pCallbackContext->bUnregister = TRUE;
    SubmitThreadpoolWork(pCallbackContext->pWork);
}

LeaveCriticalSection(&(pCallbackContext->lock));

return ERROR_SUCCESS;

};

VOID CALLBACK WorkCallback( Inout PTP_CALLBACK_INSTANCE Instance, Inout_opt PVOID Context, Inout PTP_WORK pWork ) { PCALLBACK_CONTEXT pCallbackContext = (PCALLBACK_CONTEXT)Context;

CM_Unregister_Notification(pCallbackContext->hNotify);

}

VOID NotificationFunction() { CONFIGRET cr = CR_SUCCESS; HRESULT hr = S_OK; CM_NOTIFY_FILTER NotifyFilter = { 0 }; BOOL bShouldUnregister = FALSE; PCALLBACK_CONTEXT context;

context = (PCALLBACK_CONTEXT)HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),
                                       HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY,
                                       sizeof(CALLBACK_CONTEXT));
if (context == NULL) {
    goto end;
}

InitializeCriticalSection(&(context->lock));

NotifyFilter.cbSize = sizeof(NotifyFilter);
NotifyFilter.Flags = 0;
NotifyFilter.FilterType = CM_NOTIFY_FILTER_TYPE_DEVICEINSTANCE;
NotifyFilter.Reserved = 0;

hr = StringCchCopy(NotifyFilter.u.DeviceInstance.InstanceId,
                   MAX_DEVICE_ID_LEN,
                   TEST_DEVICE_INSTANCE_ID);
if (FAILED(hr)) {
    goto end;
}

context->pWork = CreateThreadpoolWork(WorkCallback, context, NULL);
if (context->pWork == NULL) {
    goto end;
}

cr = CM_Register_Notification(&NotifyFilter,
                              context,
                              EventCallback,
                              &context->hNotify);

if (cr != CR_SUCCESS) { goto end; }

// ... do work here ...

EnterCriticalSection(&(context->lock));

if (!context->bUnregister) {
    // unregister not from the callback
    bShouldUnregister = TRUE;
    context->bUnregister = TRUE;
}

LeaveCriticalSection(&(context->lock));

if (bShouldUnregister) {
    cr = CM_Unregister_Notification(context->hNotify);
    if (cr != CR_SUCCESS) {
        goto end;
    }
} else {
    // if the callback is the one performing the unregister, wait for the threadpool work item to complete the unregister
    WaitForThreadpoolWorkCallbacks(context->pWork, FALSE);
}

end:

if (context != NULL) {
    if (context->pWork != NULL) {
        CloseThreadpoolWork(context->pWork);
    }

    DeleteCriticalSection(&(context->lock));

    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, context);
}

return;

}

Requirements

   
Windows version Available in Microsoft Windows 8 and later versions of Windows.
Target Platform Universal
Header cfgmgr32.h (include Cfgmgr32.h)
Library Cfgmgr32.lib; OneCoreUAP.lib on Windows 10
DLL CfgMgr32.dll

See Also

UnregisterDeviceNotification