IADsContainer interface

The IADsContainer interface enables an ADSI container object to create, delete, and manage contained ADSI objects. Container objects represent hierarchical directory trees, such as in a file system, and to organize the directory hierarchy.

You can use the IADsContainer interface to either enumerate contained objects or manage their lifecycle. An example would be to recursively navigate a directory tree. By querying the IADsContainer interface on an ADSI object, you can determine if the object has any children. If the interface is not supported, the object is a leaf. Otherwise, it is a container. You can continue this process for the newly found container objects. To create, copy, or delete an object, send the request to the container object to perform the task.


The IADsContainer interface has these methods.

Method Description
IADsContainer::CopyHere The IADsContainer::CopyHere method creates a copy of the specified directory object in this container.
IADsContainer::Create Sets up a request to create a directory object of the specified schema class and a given name in the container.
IADsContainer::Delete Deletes a specified directory object from this container.
IADsContainer::get__NewEnum Retrieves an enumerator object for the container.
IADsContainer::GetObject Retrieves an interface for a directory object in the container.
IADsContainer::MoveHere Moves a specified object to the container that implements this interface.


To determine if an object is a container, use the IADsClass.Container property of the object.

When you bind to a container object using its GUID (or SID), you can only perform specific operations on the container object. These operations include examination of the object attributes and enumeration of the object's immediate children. These operations are shown in the following code example.

Dim con As IADsContainer
Dim obj As IADs
Set con = GetObject("LDAP://svr01/<GUID=xxxx>")
con.Filter = Array("user")
For Each item In con
    debug.print item.Name " &  " of " & item.Class
All other operations, that is, GetObject, Create, Delete, CopyHere, and MoveHere are not supported in the container's GUID representation. For example, the last line of the following code example will result in an error.
Dim con As IADsContainer
Dim obj As IADs
Set con = GetObject("LDAP://svr01/<GUID=xxxx>")
Set obj = con.GetObject("user", "CN=Jeff Smith")
Binding, using GUID (or SID), is intended for low overhead and, thus, fast binds, which are often used for object introspection.

To call these methods of the container bound with its GUID (or SID), rebind to the object using its distinguished name.

Dim conGUID, conDN As IADsContainer
Dim obj As IADs
Set conGUID = GetObject("LDAP://svr/<GUID=xxxx>")
Set conDN=GetObject("LDAP://svr/" & conGUID.Get("distinguishedName"))
Set obj = conDN.GetObject("user", "CN=Jeff Smith")
For more information about object GUID representation, see IADs.GUID.


The following code example determines if an ADSI object is a container.

Dim obj As IADs
Dim cls As IADsClass
On Error GoTo Cleanup

Set obj = GetObject("WinNT://myComputer,computer") Set cls = GetObject(obj.Schema) If (cls.Container = TRUE) Then MsgBox "The object is a container." Else MsgBox "The object is a leaf." End If

Cleanup: If (Err.Number<>0) Then MsgBox("An error has occurred. " & Err.Number) End If Set obj = Nothing Set cls = Nothing

The following code example determines if an ADSI object is a container.
IADs *pADs = NULL;
IADsClass *pCls = NULL;
BSTR bstr;

hr = ADsGetObject(L"WinNT://myComputer,computer", IID_IADs, (void**)&pADs); if(FAILED(hr)){return;}

pADs->get_Schema(&bstr); hr = ADsGetObject(bstr, IID_IADsClass, (void**)&pCls); pADs->Release(); SysFreeString(bstr);


VARIANT_BOOL isContainer; pCls->get_Container(&isContainer);

if(isContainer) printf("Object is a container.\n"); else printf("Object is not a container.\n");



Minimum supported client Windows Vista
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008
Target Platform Windows
Header iads.h

See Also

Creating and Deleting Objects