WM_SYSCOMMAND message

A window receives this message when the user chooses a command from the Window menu (formerly known as the system or control menu) or when the user chooses the maximize button, minimize button, restore button, or close button.

#define WM_SYSCOMMAND                   0x0112

Parameters

wParam

The type of system command requested. This parameter can be one of the following values.

Value Meaning
SC_CLOSE
0xF060
Closes the window.
SC_CONTEXTHELP
0xF180
Changes the cursor to a question mark with a pointer. If the user then clicks a control in the dialog box, the control receives a WM_HELP message.
SC_DEFAULT
0xF160
Selects the default item; the user double-clicked the window menu.
SC_HOTKEY
0xF150
Activates the window associated with the application-specified hot key. The lParam parameter identifies the window to activate.
SC_HSCROLL
0xF080
Scrolls horizontally.
SCF_ISSECURE
0x00000001
Indicates whether the screen saver is secure.
SC_KEYMENU
0xF100
Retrieves the window menu as a result of a keystroke. For more information, see the Remarks section.
SC_MAXIMIZE
0xF030
Maximizes the window.
SC_MINIMIZE
0xF020
Minimizes the window.
SC_MONITORPOWER
0xF170
Sets the state of the display. This command supports devices that have power-saving features, such as a battery-powered personal computer.
The lParam parameter can have the following values:
  • -1 (the display is powering on)
  • 1 (the display is going to low power)
  • 2 (the display is being shut off)
SC_MOUSEMENU
0xF090
Retrieves the window menu as a result of a mouse click.
SC_MOVE
0xF010
Moves the window.
SC_NEXTWINDOW
0xF040
Moves to the next window.
SC_PREVWINDOW
0xF050
Moves to the previous window.
SC_RESTORE
0xF120
Restores the window to its normal position and size.
SC_SCREENSAVE
0xF140
Executes the screen saver application specified in the [boot] section of the System.ini file.
SC_SIZE
0xF000
Sizes the window.
SC_TASKLIST
0xF130
Activates the Start menu.
SC_VSCROLL
0xF070
Scrolls vertically.

lParam

The low-order word specifies the horizontal position of the cursor, in screen coordinates, if a window menu command is chosen with the mouse. Otherwise, this parameter is not used.

The high-order word specifies the vertical position of the cursor, in screen coordinates, if a window menu command is chosen with the mouse. This parameter is 1 if the command is chosen using a system accelerator, or zero if using a mnemonic.

Return value

An application should return zero if it processes this message.

Remarks

To obtain the position coordinates in screen coordinates, use the following code:

xPos = GET_X_LPARAM(lParam);    // horizontal position 
yPos = GET_Y_LPARAM(lParam);    // vertical position

The DefWindowProc function carries out the window menu request for the predefined actions specified in the previous table.

In WM_SYSCOMMAND messages, the four low-order bits of the wParam parameter are used internally by the system. To obtain the correct result when testing the value of wParam, an application must combine the value 0xFFF0 with the wParam value by using the bitwise AND operator.

The menu items in a window menu can be modified by using the GetSystemMenu, AppendMenu, InsertMenu, ModifyMenu, InsertMenuItem, and SetMenuItemInfo functions. Applications that modify the window menu must process WM_SYSCOMMAND messages.

An application can carry out any system command at any time by passing a WM_SYSCOMMAND message to DefWindowProc. Any WM_SYSCOMMAND messages not handled by the application must be passed to DefWindowProc. Any command values added by an application must be processed by the application and cannot be passed to DefWindowProc.

If password protection is enabled by policy, the screen saver is started regardless of what an application does with the SC_SCREENSAVE notification even if fails to pass it to DefWindowProc.

Accelerator keys that are defined to choose items from the window menu are translated into WM_SYSCOMMAND messages; all other accelerator keystrokes are translated into WM_COMMAND messages.

If the wParam is SC_KEYMENU, lParam contains the character code of the key that is used with the ALT key to display the popup menu. For example, pressing ALT+F to display the File popup will cause a WM_SYSCOMMAND with wParam equal to SC_KEYMENU and lParam equal to 'f'.

Requirements

Minimum supported client
Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server
Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Header
Winuser.h (include Windows.h)

See also

Reference

AppendMenu

DefWindowProc

GET_X_LPARAM

GET_Y_LPARAM

GetSystemMenu

InsertMenu

ModifyMenu

WM_COMMAND

Conceptual

Keyboard Accelerators