QueryDosDeviceW function (fileapi.h)
Retrieves information about MS-DOS device names. The function can obtain the current mapping for a particular MS-DOS device name. The function can also obtain a list of all existing MS-DOS device names.
MS-DOS device names are stored as junctions in the object namespace. The code that converts an MS-DOS path into a corresponding path uses these junctions to map MS-DOS devices and drive letters. The QueryDosDevice function enables an application to query the names of the junctions used to implement the MS-DOS device namespace as well as the value of each specific junction.
DWORD QueryDosDeviceW( [in, optional] LPCWSTR lpDeviceName, [out] LPWSTR lpTargetPath, [in] DWORD ucchMax );
[in, optional] lpDeviceName
An MS-DOS device name string specifying the target of the query. The device name cannot have a trailing backslash; for example, use "C:", not "C:\".
This parameter can be NULL. In that case, the QueryDosDevice function will store a list of all existing MS-DOS device names into the buffer pointed to by lpTargetPath.
A pointer to a buffer that will receive the result of the query. The function fills this buffer with one or more null-terminated strings. The final null-terminated string is followed by an additional NULL.
If lpDeviceName is non-NULL, the function retrieves information about the particular MS-DOS device specified by lpDeviceName. The first null-terminated string stored into the buffer is the current mapping for the device. The other null-terminated strings represent undeleted prior mappings for the device.
If lpDeviceName is NULL, the function retrieves a list of all existing MS-DOS device names. Each null-terminated string stored into the buffer is the name of an existing MS-DOS device, for example, \Device\HarddiskVolume1 or \Device\Floppy0.
The maximum number of TCHARs that can be stored into the buffer pointed to by lpTargetPath.
If the function succeeds, the return value is the number of TCHARs stored into the buffer pointed to by lpTargetPath.
If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.
If the buffer is too small, the function fails and the last error code is ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER.
The DefineDosDevice function enables an application to create and modify the junctions used to implement the MS-DOS device namespace.
Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP: QueryDosDevice first searches the Local MS-DOS Device namespace for the specified device name. If the device name is not found, the function will then search the Global MS-DOS Device namespace.
When all existing MS-DOS device names are queried, the list of device names that are returned is dependent on whether it is running in the "LocalSystem" context. If so, only the device names included in the Global MS-DOS Device namespace will be returned. If not, a concatenation of the device names in the Global and Local MS-DOS Device namespaces will be returned. If a device name exists in both namespaces, QueryDosDevice will return the entry in the Local MS-DOS Device namespace.
For more information on the Global and Local MS-DOS Device namespaces and changes to the accessibility of MS-DOS device names, see Defining an MS DOS Device Name.
In Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, this function is supported by the following technologies.
|Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0 protocol||No|
|SMB 3.0 Transparent Failover (TFO)||No|
|SMB 3.0 with Scale-out File Shares (SO)||No|
|Cluster Shared Volume File System (CsvFS)||Yes|
|Resilient File System (ReFS)||Yes|
SMB does not support volume management functions.
|Minimum supported client||Windows XP [desktop apps only]|
|Minimum supported server||Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]|
|Header||fileapi.h (include Windows.h)|