Image::GetAllPropertyItems method (gdiplusheaders.h)

The Image::GetAllPropertyItems method gets all the property items (metadata) stored in this Image object.


Status GetAllPropertyItems(
  [in]  UINT         totalBufferSize,
  [in]  UINT         numProperties,
  [out] PropertyItem *allItems


[in] totalBufferSize

Type: UINT

Integer that specifies the size, in bytes, of the allItems buffer. Call the Image::GetPropertySize method to obtain the required size.

[in] numProperties

Type: UINT

Integer that specifies the number of properties in the image. Call the Image::GetPropertySize method to obtain this number.

[out] allItems

Type: PropertyItem*

Pointer to an array of PropertyItem objects that receives the property items.

Return value

Type: Status

If the method succeeds, it returns Ok, which is an element of the Status enumeration.

If the method fails, it returns one of the other elements of the Status enumeration.


Some image files contain metadata that you can read to determine features of the image. For example, a digital photograph might contain metadata that you can read to determine the make and model of the camera used to capture the image.

GDI+ stores an individual piece of metadata in a PropertyItem object. The Image::GetAllPropertyItems method returns an array of PropertyItem objects. Before you call Image::GetAllPropertyItems, you must allocate a buffer large enough to receive that array. You can call the Image::GetPropertySize method of an Image object to get the size, in bytes, of the required buffer. The Image::GetPropertySize method also gives you the number of properties (pieces of metadata) in the image.

Several enumerations and constants related to image metadata are defined in Gdiplusimaging.h.


The following example creates an Image object based on a JPEG file. The code calls the GetAllPropertyItems method of that Image object to obtain its property items (metadata).

#include <windows.h>
#include <gdiplus.h>
#include <stdio.h>
using namespace Gdiplus;

INT main()
   GdiplusStartupInput gdiplusStartupInput;
   ULONG_PTR gdiplusToken;
   GdiplusStartup(&gdiplusToken, &gdiplusStartupInput, NULL);

   // Create an Image object based on a JPEG file.
   Image* image = new Image(L"FakePhoto.jpg"); 

   // Find out how many property items are in the image, and find out the
   // required size of the buffer that will receive those property items.
   UINT totalBufferSize;
   UINT numProperties;
   image->GetPropertySize(&totalBufferSize, &numProperties);

   // Allocate the buffer that will receive the property items.
   PropertyItem* pAllItems = (PropertyItem*)malloc(totalBufferSize);

   // Fill the buffer.
   image->GetAllPropertyItems(totalBufferSize, numProperties, pAllItems);

// Print the id data member of each property item.
   for(UINT j = 0; j < numProperties; ++j)
      printf("%x\n", pAllItems[j].id);

   delete image;
   return 0;

The preceding code, along with a particular file, FakePhoto.jpg, produced the following output:


The preceding output shows a hexadecimal ID number for each property item. You can look up those ID numbers in Gdiplusimaging.h and find out that they represent the following property tags.

Hexadecimal value Property tag
0x0320 PropertyTagImageTitle
0x010f PropertyTagEquipMake
0x0110 PropertyTagEquipModel
0x9003 PropertyTagExifDTOriginal
0x829a PropertyTagExifExposureTime
0x5090 PropertyTagLuminanceTable
0x5091 PropertyTagChrominanceTable


Minimum supported client Windows XP, Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header gdiplusheaders.h (include Gdiplus.h)
Library Gdiplus.lib
DLL Gdiplus.dll

See also










Reading and Writing Metadata