MapViewOfFile3 function

Maps a view of a file or a pagefile-backed section into the address space of the specified process.

Using this function, you can: for new allocations, specify a range of virtual address space and a power-of-2 alignment restriction; specify an arbitrary number of extended parameters; specify a preferred NUMA node for the physical memory as an extended parameter; and specify a placeholder operation (specifically, replacement).

To specify the NUMA node, see the ExtendedParameters parameter.

Syntax

PVOID MapViewOfFile3(
  HANDLE                 FileMapping,
  HANDLE                 Process,
  PVOID                  BaseAddress,
  ULONG64                Offset,
  SIZE_T                 ViewSize,
  ULONG                  AllocationType,
  ULONG                  PageProtection,
  MEM_EXTENDED_PARAMETER *ExtendedParameters,
  ULONG                  ParameterCount
);

Parameters

FileMapping

A HANDLE to a section that is to be mapped into the address space of the specified process.

Process

A HANDLE to a process into which the section will be mapped.

BaseAddress

The desired base address of the view. The address is rounded down to the nearest 64k boundary. If this parameter is NULL, the system picks the base address.

Offset

The offset from the beginning of the section. This must be 64k aligned.

ViewSize

The number of bytes to map. A value of zero (0) specifies that the entire section is to be mapped.

The size must always be a multiple of the page size.

AllocationType

The type of memory allocation. This parameter can be zero (0) or one of the following values.

Value Meaning
MEM_RESERVE
0x00002000
Maps a reserved view.
MEM_REPLACE_PLACEHOLDER
0x00004000
Replaces a placeholder with a mapped view. Only data/pf-backed section views are supported (no images, physical memory, etc.). When you replace a placeholder, BaseAddress and ViewSize must exactly match those of the placeholder.

After you replace a placeholder with a mapped view, to free that mapped view back to a placeholder, see the UnmapFlags parameter of UnmapViewOfFileEx and UnmapViewOfFile2.

A placeholder is a type of reserved memory region.

MEM_LARGE_PAGES
0x20000000
Maps a large page view. This flag specifies that the view should be mapped using large page support. The size of the view must be a multiple of the size of a large page reported by the GetLargePageMinimum function, and the file-mapping object must have been created using the SEC_LARGE_PAGES option. If you provide a non-null value for the BaseAddress parameter, then the value must be a multiple of GetLargePageMinimum.

PageProtection

The desired page protection.

For file-mapping objects created with the SEC_IMAGE attribute, the PageProtection parameter has no effect, and should be set to any valid value such as PAGE_READONLY.

ExtendedParameters

An optional pointer to one or more extended parameters of type MEM_EXTENDED_PARAMETER. Each of those extended parameter values can itself have a Type field of either MemExtendedParameterAddressRequirements or MemExtendedParameterNumaNode. If no MemExtendedParameterNumaNode extended parameter is provided, then the behavior is the same as for the VirtualAlloc/MapViewOfFile functions (that is, the preferred NUMA node for the physical pages is determined based on the ideal processor of the thread that first accesses the memory).

ParameterCount

The number of extended parameters pointed to by ExtendedParameters.

Return value

Returns the base address of the mapped view, if successful. Otherwise, returns NULL and extended error status is available using GetLastError.

Remarks

This API helps support high-performance games, and server applications, which have particular requirements around managing their virtual address space. For example, mapping memory on top of a previously reserved region; this is useful for implementing an automatically wrapping ring buffer. And allocating memory with specific alignment; for example, to enable your application to commit large/huge page-mapped regions on demand.

Examples

For a code example, see Scenario 1 in Virtual2Alloc.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows 10, version 1803 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2016 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header memoryapi.h (include Windows.h)
Library Kernel32.lib
DLL Kernel32.dll

See also

MapViewOfFile

MapViewOfFile2

MapViewOfFileNuma2