Xamarin.Forms App Lifecycle

The Application base class offers the following features:

Lifecycle Methods

The Application class contains three virtual methods that can be overridden to handle lifecycle methods:

  • OnStart - Called when the application starts.

  • OnSleep - Called each time the application goes to the background.

  • OnResume - Called when the application is resumed, after being sent to the background.

Note that there is no method for application termination. Under normal circumstances (i.e. not a crash) application termination will happen from the OnSleep state, without any additional notifications to your code.

To observe when these methods are called, implement a WriteLine call in each (as shown below) and test on each platform.

protected override void OnStart()
    Debug.WriteLine ("OnStart");
protected override void OnSleep()
    Debug.WriteLine ("OnSleep");
protected override void OnResume()
    Debug.WriteLine ("OnResume");

When updating older Xamarin.Forms applications (eg. create with Xamarin.Forms 1.3 or older), ensure that the Android main activity includes ConfigurationChanges = ConfigChanges.ScreenSize | ConfigChanges.Orientation in the [Activity()] attribute. If this is not present you will observe the OnStart method gets called on rotation as well as when the application first starts. This attribute is automatically included in the current Xamarin.Forms app templates.

There are two events on the Application class that provide notification of pages appearing and disappearing:

  • PageAppearing - raised when a page is about to appear on the screen.
  • PageDisappearing - raised when a page is about to disappear from the screen.

These events can be used in scenarios where you want to track pages as they are appearing on screen.


The PageAppearing and PageDisappearing events are raised from the Page base class immediately after the Page.Appearing and Page.Disappearing events, respectively.

There are four events on the Application class, each with their own event arguments, that let you respond to modal pages being shown and dismissed:

  • ModalPushing - ModalPushingEventArgs
  • ModalPushed - ModalPushedEventArgs
  • ModalPopping - the ModalPoppingEventArgs class contains a Cancel property. When Cancel is set to true the modal pop is cancelled.
  • ModalPopped - ModalPoppedEventArgs


To implement the application lifecycle methods and modal navigation events, all pre-Application methods of creating a Xamarin.Forms app (i.e. applications written in version 1.2 or older that use a static GetMainPage method) have been updated to create a default Application which is set as the parent of MainPage.

Xamarin.Forms applications that use this legacy behavior must be updated to an Application subclass as described on the Application class page.