Array.FindAll<T>(T[], Predicate<T>) Método

Definición

Recupera todos los elementos que coinciden con las condiciones definidas por el predicado especificado.Retrieves all the elements that match the conditions defined by the specified predicate.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static cli::array <T> ^ FindAll(cli::array <T> ^ array, Predicate<T> ^ match);
public static T[] FindAll<T> (T[] array, Predicate<T> match);
static member FindAll : 'T[] * Predicate<'T> -> 'T[]
Public Shared Function FindAll(Of T) (array As T(), match As Predicate(Of T)) As T()

Parámetros de tipo

T

Tipo de los elementos de la matriz.The type of the elements of the array.

Parámetros

array
T[]

Array unidimensional de base cero en la que se realizará la búsqueda.The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.

match
Predicate<T>

Predicate<T> que define las condiciones de los elementos que se van a buscar.The Predicate<T> that defines the conditions of the elements to search for.

Devoluciones

T[]

Array que contiene todos los elementos que cumplen las condiciones definidas por el predicado especificado, si se encuentran; en caso contrario, devuelve una Array vacía.An Array containing all the elements that match the conditions defined by the specified predicate, if found; otherwise, an empty Array.

Excepciones

array es null.array is null.

O bien-or-

match es null.match is null.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se crea una matriz de 50 números aleatorios con valores que pueden oscilar entre 0 y 1.000.The following example creates an array of 50 random numbers with values that can range from 0 to 1,000. A continuación, llama al FindAll método con una expresión lambda que devuelve los valores comprendidos entre 300 y 600.It then calls the FindAll method with a lambda expression that returns the values that range from 300 to 600. Observe que se pasa a la expresión lambda un parámetro denominado x ; representa el miembro individual de la matriz que se pasa a Predicate<T> .Note that the lambda expression is passed a parameter named x; this represents the individual array member that is passed to the Predicate<T>. Tenga en cuenta también que lBound uBound se puede tener acceso a las variables locales y dentro de la expresión lambda.Also note that the local lBound and uBound variables are accessible within the lambda expression.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Get an array of n random integers.
      int[] values = GetArray(50, 0, 1000);
      int lBound = 300;
      int uBound = 600;
      int[] matchedItems = Array.FindAll(values, x =>
                                       x >= lBound && x <= uBound);
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr < matchedItems.Length; ctr++) {
         Console.Write("{0}  ", matchedItems[ctr]);
         if ((ctr + 1) % 12 == 0)
            Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }

   private static int[] GetArray(int n, int lower, int upper)
   {
      Random rnd = new Random();
      List<int> list = new List<int>();
      for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= n; ctr++)
         list.Add(rnd.Next(lower, upper + 1));

      return list.ToArray();
   }
}
// The example displays output similar to the following:
//       542  398  356  351  348  301  562  599  575  400  569  306
//       535  416  393  385
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Get an array of n random integers.
      Dim values() As Integer = GetArray(50, 0, 1000)
      Dim lBound As Integer = 300
      Dim uBound As Integer = 600
      Dim matchedItems() As Integer = Array.FindAll(values, 
                                            Function(x) x >= lBound And x <= uBound)  
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To matchedItems.Length - 1
         Console.Write("{0}  ", matchedItems(ctr))
         If (ctr + 1) Mod 12 = 0 Then Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub
   
   Private Function GetArray(n As Integer, lower As Integer, 
                             upper As Integer) As Integer()
      Dim rnd As New Random()
      Dim list As New List(Of Integer)
      For ctr As Integer = 1 To n
         list.Add(rnd.Next(lower, upper + 1))
      Next
      Return list.ToArray()
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays output similar to the following:
'       542  398  356  351  348  301  562  599  575  400  569  306
'       535  416  393  385

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestran los Find FindLast FindAll métodos genéricos, y.The following code example demonstrates the Find, FindLast, and FindAll generic methods. Se crea una matriz de cadenas que contiene 8 nombres de dinosaurio, dos de los cuales (en las posiciones 1 y 5) terminan con "Saurus".An array of strings is created, containing 8 dinosaur names, two of which (at positions 1 and 5) end with "saurus". En el ejemplo de código también se define un método de predicado de búsqueda denominado EndsWithSaurus , que acepta un parámetro de cadena y devuelve un valor booleano que indica si la cadena de entrada termina en "Saurus".The code example also defines a search predicate method named EndsWithSaurus, which accepts a string parameter and returns a Boolean value indicating whether the input string ends in "saurus".

El Find método genérico atraviesa la matriz desde el principio y pasa cada elemento a su vez al EndsWithSaurus método.The Find generic method traverses the array from the beginning, passing each element in turn to the EndsWithSaurus method. La búsqueda se detiene cuando el EndsWithSaurus método devuelve true el elemento "Amargasaurus".The search stops when the EndsWithSaurus method returns true for the element "Amargasaurus".

Nota

En C# y Visual Basic, no es necesario crear Predicate<string> explícitamente el delegado ( Predicate(Of String) en Visual Basic).In C# and Visual Basic, it is not necessary to create the Predicate<string> delegate (Predicate(Of String) in Visual Basic) explicitly. Estos lenguajes deducen el delegado correcto del contexto y lo crean automáticamente.These languages infer the correct delegate from context and create it automatically.

El FindLast método genérico se utiliza para buscar hacia atrás en la matriz desde el final.The FindLast generic method is used to search the array backward from the end. Busca el elemento "Dilophosaurus" en la posición 5.It finds the element "Dilophosaurus" at position 5. El FindAll método genérico se utiliza para devolver una matriz que contiene todos los elementos que acaban en "Saurus".The FindAll generic method is used to return an array containing all the elements that end in "saurus". Se muestran los elementos.The elements are displayed.

En el ejemplo de código también se muestran los Exists TrueForAll métodos genéricos y.The code example also demonstrates the Exists and TrueForAll generic methods.

using namespace System;

public ref class DinoDiscoverySet
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        array<String^>^ dinosaurs =
        {
            "Compsognathus", "Amargasaurus", "Oviraptor",
            "Velociraptor",  "Deinonychus",  "Dilophosaurus",
            "Gallimimus",    "Triceratops"
        };

        DinoDiscoverySet^ GoMesozoic = gcnew DinoDiscoverySet(dinosaurs);

        GoMesozoic->DiscoverAll();
        GoMesozoic->DiscoverByEnding("saurus");
    }

    DinoDiscoverySet(array<String^>^ items)
    {
        dinosaurs = items;
    }

    void DiscoverAll()
    {
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

    void DiscoverByEnding(String^ Ending)
    {
        Predicate<String^>^ dinoType;

        if (Ending->ToLower() == "raptor")
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithRaptor);
        }
        else if (Ending->ToLower() == "tops")
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithTops);
        }
        else if (Ending->ToLower() == "saurus")
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithSaurus);
        }
        else
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithSaurus);
        }

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::Exists(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::Exists(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::TrueForAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::TrueForAll(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::Find(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::Find(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::FindLast(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::FindLast(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::FindAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"):", Ending);

        array<String^>^ subArray =
            Array::FindAll(dinosaurs, dinoType);

        for each(String^ dinosaur in subArray)
        {
            Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

private:
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs;

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
    static bool EndsWithSaurus(String^ s)
    {
        if ((s->Length > 5) &&
            (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "saurus"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "raptor".
    static bool EndsWithRaptor(String^ s)
    {
        if ((s->Length > 5) &&
            (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "raptor"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "tops".
    static bool EndsWithTops(String^ s)
    {
        if ((s->Length > 3) &&
            (s->Substring(s->Length - 4)->ToLower() == "tops"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
};

int main()
{
    DinoDiscoverySet::Main();
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Compsognathus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Velociraptor
Deinonychus
Dilophosaurus
Gallimimus
Triceratops

Array.Exists(dinosaurs, "saurus"): True

Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"): False

Array.Find(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Amargasaurus

Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Dilophosaurus

Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"):
Amargasaurus
Dilophosaurus
*/
using System;

public class DinoDiscoverySet
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string[] dinosaurs =
        {
            "Compsognathus", "Amargasaurus", "Oviraptor",
            "Velociraptor",  "Deinonychus",  "Dilophosaurus",
            "Gallimimus",    "Triceratops"
        };

        DinoDiscoverySet GoMesozoic = new DinoDiscoverySet(dinosaurs);

        GoMesozoic.DiscoverAll();
        GoMesozoic.DiscoverByEnding("saurus");
    }

    private string[] dinosaurs;

    public DinoDiscoverySet(string[] items)
    {
        dinosaurs = items;
    }

    public void DiscoverAll()
    {
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

    public void DiscoverByEnding(string Ending)
    {
        Predicate<string> dinoType;

        switch (Ending.ToLower())
        {
            case "raptor":
                dinoType = EndsWithRaptor;
                break;
            case "tops":
                dinoType = EndsWithTops;
                break;
            case "saurus":
            default:
                dinoType = EndsWithSaurus;
                break;
        }
        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.Exists(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.Exists(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.Find(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.Find(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.FindLast(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.FindAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"):", Ending);

        string[] subArray =
            Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, dinoType);

        foreach(string dinosaur in subArray)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
    private bool EndsWithSaurus(string s)
    {
        if ((s.Length > 5) &&
            (s.Substring(s.Length - 6).ToLower() == "saurus"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "raptor".
    private bool EndsWithRaptor(String s)
    {
        if ((s.Length > 5) &&
            (s.Substring(s.Length - 6).ToLower() == "raptor"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "tops".
    private bool EndsWithTops(String s)
    {
        if ((s.Length > 3) &&
            (s.Substring(s.Length - 4).ToLower() == "tops"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Compsognathus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Velociraptor
Deinonychus
Dilophosaurus
Gallimimus
Triceratops

Array.Exists(dinosaurs, "saurus"): True

Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"): False

Array.Find(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Amargasaurus

Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Dilophosaurus

Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"):
Amargasaurus
Dilophosaurus
*/
Public Class DinoDiscoverySet

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim dinosaurs() As String = { "Compsognathus", _
            "Amargasaurus",   "Oviraptor",      "Velociraptor", _
            "Deinonychus",    "Dilophosaurus",  "Gallimimus", _
            "Triceratops" }

        Dim GoMesozoic As New DinoDiscoverySet(dinosaurs)

        GoMesozoic.DiscoverAll()
        GoMesozoic.DiscoverByEnding("saurus")
    End Sub

    Private dinosaurs As String()

    Public Sub New(items() As String)
        dinosaurs = items
    End Sub

    Public Sub DiscoverAll()
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next dinosaur
    End Sub

    Public Sub DiscoverByEnding(Ending As String)
        Dim dinoType As Predicate(Of String)

        Select Case Ending.ToLower()
            Case "raptor"
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithRaptor
            Case "tops"
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithTops
            Case "saurus"
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithSaurus
            Case Else
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithSaurus
        End Select

        Console.WriteLine(Environment.NewLine + _
            "Array.Exists(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.Exists(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(Environment.NewLine + _
            "Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(Environment.NewLine + _
            "Array.Find(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.Find(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(Environment.NewLine + _
            "Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(Environment.NewLine + _
            "Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, ""{0}""):", Ending)

        Dim subArray() As String = _
            Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, dinoType)

        For Each dinosaur As String In subArray
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next dinosaur
    End Sub

    ' Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
    Private Function EndsWithSaurus(s As String) As Boolean
        ' AndAlso prevents evaluation of the second Boolean
        ' expression if the string is so short that an error
        ' would occur.
        If (s.Length > 5) AndAlso _
            (s.ToLower().EndsWith("saurus")) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    ' Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "raptor".
    Private Function EndsWithRaptor(s As String) As Boolean
        ' AndAlso prevents evaluation of the second Boolean
        ' expression if the string is so short that an error
        ' would occur.
        If (s.Length > 5) AndAlso _
            (s.ToLower().EndsWith("raptor")) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    ' Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "tops".
    Private Function EndsWithTops(s As String) As Boolean
        ' AndAlso prevents evaluation of the second Boolean
        ' expression if the string is so short that an error
        ' would occur.
        If (s.Length > 3) AndAlso _
            (s.ToLower().EndsWith("tops")) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
' Compsognathus
' Amargasaurus
' Oviraptor
' Velociraptor
' Deinonychus
' Dilophosaurus
' Gallimimus
' Triceratops
'
' Array.Exists(dinosaurs, "saurus"): True
'
' Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"): False
'
' Array.Find(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Amargasaurus
'
' Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Dilophosaurus
'
' Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"):
' Amargasaurus
' Dilophosaurus

Comentarios

Predicate<T>Es un delegado de un método que devuelve true si el objeto que se pasa coincide con las condiciones definidas en el delegado.The Predicate<T> is a delegate to a method that returns true if the object passed to it matches the conditions defined in the delegate. Los elementos de array se pasan individualmente a Predicate<T> , y los elementos que coinciden con las condiciones se guardan en la matriz devuelta.The elements of array are individually passed to the Predicate<T>, and the elements that match the conditions are saved in the returned array.

Este método es una operación O ( n ), donde n es el Length de array .This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the Length of array.

Se aplica a

Consulte también