Array.FindLast(T[], Predicate<T>) Array.FindLast(T[], Predicate<T>) Array.FindLast(T[], Predicate<T>) Array.FindLast(T[], Predicate<T>) Method

Definición

Busca un elemento que coincida con las condiciones definidas por el predicado especificado y devuelve la última aparición en toda la matriz Array.Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the last occurrence within the entire Array.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static T FindLast(cli::array <T> ^ array, Predicate<T> ^ match);
public static T FindLast<T> (T[] array, Predicate<T> match);
static member FindLast : 'T[] * Predicate<'T> -> 'T
Public Shared Function FindLast(Of T) (array As T(), match As Predicate(Of T)) As T

Parámetros de tipo

T

Tipo de los elementos de la matriz.The type of the elements of the array.

Parámetros

array
T[]

Array unidimensional de base cero en la que se realizará la búsqueda.The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.

match
Predicate<T> Predicate<T> Predicate<T> Predicate<T>

Predicate<T> que define las condiciones del elemento que se va a buscar.The Predicate<T> that defines the conditions of the element to search for.

Devoluciones

T T T T

Último elemento que coincide con las condiciones definidas por el predicado especificado, si se encuentra; de lo contrario, valor predeterminado para el tipo T.The last element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, if found; otherwise, the default value for type T.

Excepciones

array es null.array is null.

O bien-or- match es null.match is null.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente Findse FindLastmuestran los FindAll métodos genéricos, y.The following code example demonstrates the Find, FindLast, and FindAll generic methods. Se crea una matriz de cadenas que contiene 8 nombres de dinosaurio, dos de los cuales (en las posiciones 1 y 5) terminan con "Saurus".An array of strings is created, containing 8 dinosaur names, two of which (at positions 1 and 5) end with "saurus". En el ejemplo de código también se define un método EndsWithSaurusde predicado de búsqueda denominado, que acepta un parámetro de cadena y devuelve un valor booleano que indica si la cadena de entrada termina en "Saurus".The code example also defines a search predicate method named EndsWithSaurus, which accepts a string parameter and returns a Boolean value indicating whether the input string ends in "saurus".

El Find método genérico atraviesa la matriz desde el principio y pasa cada elemento EndsWithSaurus a su vez al método.The Find generic method traverses the array from the beginning, passing each element in turn to the EndsWithSaurus method. La búsqueda se detiene cuando EndsWithSaurus el método true devuelve el elemento "Amargasaurus".The search stops when the EndsWithSaurus method returns true for the element "Amargasaurus".

Nota

En C# y Visual Basic, no es necesario crear explícitamente elPredicate<string> delegado (Predicate(Of String) en Visual Basic).In C# and Visual Basic, it is not necessary to create thePredicate<string> delegate (Predicate(Of String) in Visual Basic) explicitly. Estos lenguajes deducen el delegado correcto del contexto y lo crean automáticamente.These languages infer the correct delegate from context and create it automatically.

El FindLast método genérico se utiliza para buscar hacia atrás en la matriz desde el final.The FindLast generic method is used to search the array backward from the end. Busca el elemento "Dilophosaurus" en la posición 5.It finds the element "Dilophosaurus" at position 5. El FindAll método genérico se utiliza para devolver una matriz que contiene todos los elementos que acaban en "Saurus".The FindAll generic method is used to return an array containing all the elements that end in "saurus". Se muestran los elementos.The elements are displayed.

En el ejemplo de código también Exists se TrueForAll muestran los métodos genéricos y.The code example also demonstrates the Exists and TrueForAll generic methods.

using namespace System;

public ref class DinoDiscoverySet
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        array<String^>^ dinosaurs =
        {
            "Compsognathus", "Amargasaurus", "Oviraptor",
            "Velociraptor",  "Deinonychus",  "Dilophosaurus",
            "Gallimimus",    "Triceratops"
        };

        DinoDiscoverySet^ GoMesozoic = gcnew DinoDiscoverySet(dinosaurs);

        GoMesozoic->DiscoverAll();
        GoMesozoic->DiscoverByEnding("saurus");
    }

    DinoDiscoverySet(array<String^>^ items)
    {
        dinosaurs = items;
    }

    void DiscoverAll()
    {
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

    void DiscoverByEnding(String^ Ending)
    {
        Predicate<String^>^ dinoType;

        if (Ending->ToLower() == "raptor")
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithRaptor);
        }
        else if (Ending->ToLower() == "tops")
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithTops);
        }
        else if (Ending->ToLower() == "saurus")
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithSaurus);
        }
        else
        {
            dinoType =
                gcnew Predicate<String^>(&DinoDiscoverySet::EndsWithSaurus);
        }

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::Exists(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::Exists(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::TrueForAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::TrueForAll(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::Find(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::Find(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::FindLast(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array::FindLast(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console::WriteLine(
            "\nArray::FindAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"):", Ending);

        array<String^>^ subArray =
            Array::FindAll(dinosaurs, dinoType);

        for each(String^ dinosaur in subArray)
        {
            Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

private:
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs;

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
    static bool EndsWithSaurus(String^ s)
    {
        if ((s->Length > 5) &&
            (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "saurus"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "raptor".
    static bool EndsWithRaptor(String^ s)
    {
        if ((s->Length > 5) &&
            (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "raptor"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "tops".
    static bool EndsWithTops(String^ s)
    {
        if ((s->Length > 3) &&
            (s->Substring(s->Length - 4)->ToLower() == "tops"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
};

int main()
{
    DinoDiscoverySet::Main();
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Compsognathus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Velociraptor
Deinonychus
Dilophosaurus
Gallimimus
Triceratops

Array.Exists(dinosaurs, "saurus"): True

Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"): False

Array.Find(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Amargasaurus

Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Dilophosaurus

Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"):
Amargasaurus
Dilophosaurus
*/
using System;

public class DinoDiscoverySet
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string[] dinosaurs =
        {
            "Compsognathus", "Amargasaurus", "Oviraptor",
            "Velociraptor",  "Deinonychus",  "Dilophosaurus",
            "Gallimimus",    "Triceratops"
        };

        DinoDiscoverySet GoMesozoic = new DinoDiscoverySet(dinosaurs);
        
        GoMesozoic.DiscoverAll();
        GoMesozoic.DiscoverByEnding("saurus");
    }

    private string[] dinosaurs;

    public DinoDiscoverySet(string[] items)
    {
        dinosaurs = items;
    }

    public void DiscoverAll()
    {
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

    public void DiscoverByEnding(string Ending)
    {
        Predicate<string> dinoType;

        switch (Ending.ToLower())
        {
            case "raptor":
                dinoType = EndsWithRaptor;
                break;
            case "tops":
                dinoType = EndsWithTops;
                break;
            case "saurus":
            default:
                dinoType = EndsWithSaurus;
                break;
        }
        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.Exists(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.Exists(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.Find(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.Find(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.FindLast(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"): {1}",
            Ending,
            Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, dinoType));

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nArray.FindAll(dinosaurs, \"{0}\"):", Ending);

        string[] subArray =
            Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, dinoType);

        foreach(string dinosaur in subArray)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
    private bool EndsWithSaurus(string s)
    {
        if ((s.Length > 5) &&
            (s.Substring(s.Length - 6).ToLower() == "saurus"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "raptor".
    private bool EndsWithRaptor(String s)
    {
        if ((s.Length > 5) &&
            (s.Substring(s.Length - 6).ToLower() == "raptor"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "tops".
    private bool EndsWithTops(String s)
    {
        if ((s.Length > 3) &&
            (s.Substring(s.Length - 4).ToLower() == "tops"))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Compsognathus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Velociraptor
Deinonychus
Dilophosaurus
Gallimimus
Triceratops

Array.Exists(dinosaurs, "saurus"): True

Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"): False

Array.Find(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Amargasaurus

Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Dilophosaurus

Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"):
Amargasaurus
Dilophosaurus
*/
Public Class DinoDiscoverySet

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim dinosaurs() As String = { "Compsognathus", _
            "Amargasaurus",   "Oviraptor",      "Velociraptor", _
            "Deinonychus",    "Dilophosaurus",  "Gallimimus", _
            "Triceratops" }

        Dim GoMesozoic As New DinoDiscoverySet(dinosaurs)

        GoMesozoic.DiscoverAll()
        GoMesozoic.DiscoverByEnding("saurus")
    End Sub

    Private dinosaurs As String()

    Public Sub New(items() As String)
        dinosaurs = items
    End Sub

    Public Sub DiscoverAll()
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next dinosaur
    End Sub

    Public Sub DiscoverByEnding(Ending As String)
        Dim dinoType As Predicate(Of String)

        Select Case Ending.ToLower()
            Case "raptor"
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithRaptor
            Case "tops"
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithTops
            Case "saurus"
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithSaurus
            Case Else
                dinoType = AddressOf EndsWithSaurus
        End Select

        Console.WriteLine(vbNewLine + _
            "Array.Exists(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.Exists(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(vbNewLine + _
            "Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(vbNewLine + _
            "Array.Find(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.Find(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(vbNewLine + _
            "Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, ""{0}""): {1}", _
            Ending, _
            Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, dinoType))

        Console.WriteLine(vbNewLine + _
            "Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, ""{0}""):", Ending)

        Dim subArray() As String = _
            Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, dinoType)

        For Each dinosaur As String In subArray
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next dinosaur
    End Sub

    ' Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
    Private Function EndsWithSaurus(s As String) As Boolean
        ' AndAlso prevents evaluation of the second Boolean
        ' expression if the string is so short that an error
        ' would occur.
        If (s.Length > 5) AndAlso _
            (s.ToLower().EndsWith("saurus")) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    ' Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "raptor".
    Private Function EndsWithRaptor(s As String) As Boolean
        ' AndAlso prevents evaluation of the second Boolean
        ' expression if the string is so short that an error
        ' would occur.
        If (s.Length > 5) AndAlso _
            (s.ToLower().EndsWith("raptor")) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    ' Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "tops".
    Private Function EndsWithTops(s As String) As Boolean
        ' AndAlso prevents evaluation of the second Boolean
        ' expression if the string is so short that an error
        ' would occur.
        If (s.Length > 3) AndAlso _
            (s.ToLower().EndsWith("tops")) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
' Compsognathus
' Amargasaurus
' Oviraptor
' Velociraptor
' Deinonychus
' Dilophosaurus
' Gallimimus
' Triceratops
'
' Array.Exists(dinosaurs, "saurus"): True
'
' Array.TrueForAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"): False
'
' Array.Find(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Amargasaurus
'
' Array.FindLast(dinosaurs, "saurus"): Dilophosaurus
'
' Array.FindAll(dinosaurs, "saurus"):
' Amargasaurus
' Dilophosaurus

Comentarios

Es un delegado de un método que devuelve true si el objeto que se pasa coincide con las condiciones definidas en el delegado. Predicate<T>The Predicate<T> is a delegate to a method that returns true if the object passed to it matches the conditions defined in the delegate. Los elementos de array se pasan individualmente Predicate<T>a Array, desplazándose hacia atrás en, empezando por el último elemento y finalizando con el primer elemento.The elements of array are individually passed to the Predicate<T>, moving backward in the Array, starting with the last element and ending with the first element. El procesamiento se detiene cuando se encuentra una coincidencia.Processing is stopped when a match is found.

Este método es una operación On(), donde n es el Length de array.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the Length of array.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: